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Combating HIV/AIDS

Empowering Zimbabwean Women against Gender-Based Violence through Microfinance, Education, and Dialogue

Nicole de Paz

on 2 May 2010

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Transcript of Combating HIV/AIDS

Combating HIV/ AIDS: Empowering Zimbabwean Women
against Gender Based Violence through Microfinance, Education, and Dialogue A Presentation by Anusha Raja, Sonia Gupta, and Nicole de Paz Violence Against Women (VAW) Can Increase HIV/AIDS rates What does VAW consist of?
physical aggression psychological abuse forced intercourse and other forms of sexual coercion Studies in South Africa and India have shown higher HIV transmission rates in women in abusive relationships In Zimbabwe... Reports of Steep Rise in Violence Against Women
Along with this, risk of HIV/AIDS increases! Who Is Most At-Risk? Young Women in Low Socioeconomic Classes 1 in 5 women aged 15- 29 years reported
having been forced by a man to have sex

Women aged 15-18 years had a higher prevalence of HIV/ AIDS than men in their same age group What Are The Consequences? VAW destroys a woman's:
o wellbeing
o reproductive abilities
o families
o communities Affects her children Puts a burden on the country's health care system

Devastates the country's economy Why is Violence Against Women
Normalized in Zimbabwe? Societal agencies and laws still reinforce these ideas "Small House" phenomenon "Lobola" (bride price) Sudden role reversal because of current economic hardship in Zimbabwe What Has Been Done? Domestic Violence Act, 2007 1. Broadly defines domestic violence to include physical, sexual, economic, and emotional abuse

2. Includes culturally-related abuse, such as:

female genital mutilation
spirit appeasement with young girls
forced marriage
child marriage
forced wife inheritance

3. Established Anti-Domestic Violence Council, and set up a plan to disseminate information and train police, judges, and community leaders to enforce the law
So What's the Problem? Violence Against Women has increased, at all levels of society

Perpetrators of violence are left unpunished

Many women and communities are still UNAWARE of the Domestic Violence Act Now What? Musasa Project Padare/Enkundleni Men's Forum Zimbabwe Association of
Microfinance Institutions

Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe

Zambuko Trust Proposed Intervention:
Microfinance and Education Program (MEP) Five Components 1. Needs Assessment &
Partner Collaboration II. Microfinance Loans III. Women-Focused Education IV. Male-Targeted Dialogue V. Program Evaluation &
Expansion Part I:
Laying the Groundwork for MEP
MEP will conduct a needs assessement by enlisting community members to determine eligibility for the MEP program.

Women in the lowest 30% wealth bracket will be invited personally to participate.

Collaborations with Long-Standing Zimbabwean Organizations Part II:
The Microfinance Component "Microfinance, HIV/AIDS, and Gender Roles"
Conference Solidarity Group Lending Structure

allows lending to the poorest members of the community

eliminates need for collateral

lowers cost of financial management Part III:
Women-Focused Education Phase I

the required microfinance meetings provide reliable venue for education and training

curriculum addresses culture, gender roles, women's work, domestic violence, gender and HIV, the Domestic Violence Act, and empowering change.

shown to be greatly beneficial for women in similar South Africa study

Collaborating Institutions:
Zambuko Trust, Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Association of Microfinance Institutions Phase II

women leaders recruited for additional leadership training

women leaders work with community to identify local issues and craft practical plans

Collaborating Institution:
Musasa Project Part IV: Male-Targeted Dialogue

Part V: Evaluation & Expansion

Measure the impact on three groups: individual women, households, and communities

Compare villages that received the intervention with the control villages

Use face-to- face questionnaires

Non-participant observation, focus group discussions, field diaries

Systematically expand to key rural and urban centers in Zimbabwe

Creates dialogue groups and a support group for men who are committed to change

Enables men to identify and challenge structures and institutions perpetuating gender inequality

Successful implementation of Padare program in Odzi

Collaborating Institutions: Padare/Enkundleni Men's Forum on Gender

Funding the MEP Intervention

Global Fund Against AIDS, TB, Malaria
World Bank
Thank You!
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