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Educational cooperation in the European automotive sector

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Marc Smits

on 30 March 2012

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Transcript of Educational cooperation in the European automotive sector

Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap with US/Japan
Pilot project: Research needed on role
education(al cooperation)
1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Yes, in theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if it meets one or more of six factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. Business involvement (courses by teachers with parttime job in industry)
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of education(al) cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

Programme specific
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme
5. Business involvement: mentioned and promoted
6. Entrepreneurial skills: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because of:
Fast development
Complicated system

2-6 all other factors are important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: is met, that was proven by researching the sector
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurial skills: difficult to assess, present, but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of 6 factors are met.
In practice education(al cooperation) incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation.

Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present.
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved too.
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention.

The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation. Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor.
Put more effort in teaching interacting skills.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot:
Factors should be tested, also in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does education(al cooperation) contribute to innovation?

Integrated approach Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Thank you all for your attention! Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Knowledge triangle Educational Cooperation in the European Automotive Sector Towards an integrated approach to strengthen innovation in the European automotive sector By: Marc Smits Innovation Education Research Content: Why and What did I research
How did I research it
Results
Can education and educational cooperation contribute to innovation? Why and What did I research Why: European Institute of innovation and Technology (EIT)
Closing the innovation gap
Pilot project: no research available
Little knowledge Knowledge available Innovation Education Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 Classical theory Open Innovation Triple Helix Innovation systems Entrepreneurship Education & Cooperation Factors:
1. Presence of Open Innovation in the sector
2. Presence of the educational institute in a cluster
3. Educational cooperation facilitates interaction optimally
4. Presence of innovation theory in the programme
5. availability of lessons given by teachers that have a parttime job in industry
6. Attention for the development of creativity, initiative and self-confidence Clusters What: Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research ? How? European policy documents European automotive sector 2 cases of educational cooperation Theory Practice 1. Open Innovation: recognised but EU cannot actively influence
2. Clusters: also recognised, but not been put into practice; EIT and regional policy may shape this further
3. Interaction with other universities: shaped by European Joint Degrees and Erasmus Mundus

The final three factors all relate to the education programme that is offered by educational institutions in which the EU has no role, institutions should develop their own policies regarding these factors.
4. Innovation theory: not mentioned in any of the documents, specific part of education programme.
5.Business involvement: mentioned and promoted as a means to narrow the technology gap.
6. Entrepreneurship: mentioned as important aspect of the education of the future
1. Open Innovation: EU automotive sector embraces Open Innovation because they have to:
Fast changing
complicated system
many institutes/people involved

The other five factors are all important for innovation in the sector
1. Open Innovation: , is met: that was proven by researching the sector.
2. Clusters: not met, none of the universities were located in the proximity of an automotive cluster.
3. Interaction with other universities: was present in both cases, case 1 performed better
4. Innovation theory: not found in any of the programmes
5. Business involvement: met by both cases, case 2 performed better
6. Entrepreneurship: difficult to assess, present but room for improvement

Results According to innovation theory education(al cooperation) can contribute to innovation, if one or more of the 6 factors are met
In practice educational cooperation incorporates at least some of the six factors. So, according to theory, also in practice educational cooperation can contribute to innovation.
Open Innovation needs to come from the sector, but it is likely that in many sectors Open Innovation will be present, since the complexity and speed of innovation these days requires the involvement of many players
Clusters need further development.
Business involvement and interactions are clearly present, could be improved to
Innovation theory and entrepreneurial skills need attention
The EU has recognised many of the factors in its policy, but is mainly a facilitator and not a player that implements the factors. Much of its policy is also still very new.
Educational institutions are the most important players to increase the possible contribution of educational cooperation to innovation further.
Recommendations: 1. Policy makers
2. Educators
3. Researchers EIT is right to believe that education is important for innovation and should develop further. It should take this research further and make the educational cooperation and its six factors the standard.

The EU should especially further develop its policy relating to clusters (via smart specialization and the EIT), since the EU may be the one actor that can improve this factor
More effort in teaching interacting skills, for instance by making it obligatory to study in a different EU country.
Reach out more to other Universities to set up Master programmes.
Start incorporating classes on innovation theory in their curricula.
Pay attention to the way they can teach students entrepreneurial skills.
More research is needed to fill the blind spot. This first attempt has resulted in a framework of factors that should be tested by others.
in other sectors, more cases etc.
Does it contribute? I have answered the can with this research

Knowledge triangle Innovation Education Research Education(al) cooperation as shaped by EU policy in the European Automotive sector (Entrepreneurial skills)
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