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Ancient Mesopotamia - the land between 2 rivers

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Natka Zientek

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Mesopotamia - the land between 2 rivers

Mesopotamia
Ancient Mesopotamia - the land between 2 rivers
Ancient Mesopotamia was located between 2 big rivers – the Euphrates and the Tigris (present territory of Iraq). The region at the mouth of the rivers was very good for crops, so it was fast populated. The first ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was developed around 3000 years BC and is thought to be the oldest human civilization in the world, often called the “Cradle of Civilization”.
Sumerians – the first human civilization
Sumerians are thought to be the first human civilization in world history. They built first large cities, invented writing, created governments and developed an agriculture technique.

They learned how to control floods and how to water dry and hot regions located further from the rivers. They produced crops such as fruits, vegetables, barley, wheat, sesame and bred animals - sheep, cattle, goats and pigs.


Achievements of Sumerians
Religion
The Ancient Mesopotamians believed in hundreds of gods (over 3000 !). They thought that the gods influenced much of what happened to them in their lives. The Sumerian gods often had human characteristics – they were sometimes good and sometimes bad. Each city-state had its own god and a temple built to it on a special pyramid tower called a ziggurat. Ziggurats were used also for astronomic observations.


Thanks for your attention!
One of their biggest achievements in agriculture was seeder plow, which allowed farmers to plow their land and seed at the same time.

Sumerians built first cities, which later formed so called city-states. City life allowed people to work together for the common good. One of the main cities - Eridu is thought to be the oldest city in the world.
More and more achievements...
4. They raised the first buildings made from mud-bricks and developed architecture, which showed a mastery of engineering.

5.They used glass for pottery and invented the potter’s wheel.

6. They knew drugs made of plants, animals and minerals - their medicine knowledge was surprisingly advanced.
Guess what! More achievements!
7. They used many elements of modern mathematics including decimal system, Arabic numbers and the base of 60 used today in measuring of time and angles.

8. They discovered that by observing the movements of the moon, sun and stars, they could measure time, which was important for making more accurate calendar.

Some more photos at the end
by Natka Zientek 6e
1. Sumerians brought many important advances for civilization, especially in science and technology.

2. They invented the first form of writing – simple pictures and pictograms, which later were changed into cuneiform, that is signs pressed in wet clay.

3. They invented first carts moving on wheels and first sails, which was a revolution in transportation


Ancient
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