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Past Tenses

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by

André de Oliveira

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of Past Tenses

PAST TENSES
Dayanne Almeida
André Rodrigues
Simple Past
Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect
past
1. Ação que começa e termina no passado (em um período específico ou não)
i
went
to the beach yesterday.
present
past
2. Dferentes ações em sequência,
todas terminando no passado
She
brought
the ingredients,
mixed
them and
made
the pizza.
present
past
3. Uma ação duradoura
he
lived
in korea for 10 years.
present
past
4. Hábitos no passado
i
studied
mandarin for 5 years.
present
1
2
3
1
,
2
e
3
são ações diferentes
= ações idênticas / hábitos
past
5. Fatos e Características do passado
She
was
shy before college.
present
He
lived
in australia when he
were
a kid.
Past Continuous
past
1. Interrupção
Desmond
was working
when
they kidnapped him.
present
I
was
he/she/it
was
you
were

we
were
they
were
you
were

interrogative
affirmative
negative
drop
ped
plan
ned
stop
ped
control
led
travel
led
/ travel
ed
1 syllable/ last syllable is tonic
c+v+c =
2x last consonant + "ed"
work
ed
listen
ed
open
ed
offer
ed
develop
ed
c+"y" =

-"y"
+"ied"
tr
ied
stud
ied
cr
ied
carr
ied
worr
ied
last syllable is NOT tonic
c + v + c =

+"ed"
_e =

+"d"
love
d
raise
d
live
d
change
d
invite
d
I
was not
/
wasn't
he/she/it
was not
/
wasn't
you
were not
/
weren't

we
were not
/
weren't
they
were not
/
weren't
you
were not
/
weren't

Was

I?
Was
he/she/it?
Were
you?

Were
we?
Were
they?
Were
you?

uso
to fly
to go
to choose
to swear
to break
to freeze
to cut
to spend
to rise
to read




to lay
to pay
to say

to bleed
to meet
to feed



flew
went
chose
swore
broke
let it go
cut
spent
rose
read




laid
paid
said

bled
met
fed


to be
subject +
verb

+

ed/d
interrogative
affirmative
negative
did
+ subject +
infinitive
+ ?

STRUCTURE

JESSICA
believed
in it.
THEY
RECORDED
EVERYTHING.
i
cooked
ramen yesterday.
did not
didn't
we
DID NOT

accept
the challenge.
THEY
DIDN'T

lose it
.
The cook
didn't

put
much ingredients to her recipe.

did
john
close
the window?
did
they
not changed
the topic?
didn't
you
watch
the movie last week?
STRUCTURE
subject +
was
/
were

+

present

participle
interrogative
affirmative
negative
was
/
were
+
subject
+
present participle
+ ?
i
was

waiting

for luna when you came.
They
were laughing
at him when he fainted
jennifer
was arguing
loudly yesterday.
samantha
wasn't pleasing
the public with her speech.
we
were not
doubting you.
i
wasn't earning
well.

was
tom
chasing
jerry?
weren't
these questions
matching
the requirements?
were
you
not listening
to me?
(+
ing
)
subject +
was
/
were
+
not
+
present partiple
Uso
past
2. Ações paralelas
They
were eating
dinner and
discussing
their plans.
present
past
3. Ocorrência de uma ação durante um estado/ação anterior, ambas no passado.
you
were looking
very happy when we saw you..
present
midnight
thank you!
subject +

+
infinitive verb
when while
x
I was studying
when

she called
.
While
I was studying
, she called.
past
present
past
present
active voice PASSIVE VOICE
X
Tom
repaired
the car.
The car
was

repaired
by Tom
STRUCTURE
subject +
had

+

past participle
interrogative
affirmative
negative
had
+ subject +
past participle
+ ?
tiffany cooked lasagna, but everyone
had
already
eaten
DINNER
HE
HAD LIVED
IN MOSCOW BEFORE HE WENT TO SHANGHAI.
their searched for him in the crowd, but it was too late. ezio
had
already
vanished
.
had not
hadn't
I
had not had
dinnner when you called me.
LOGAN
HADn't FINISHED
his WORK AFTER HE passed out.
they
hadn't left
when i arrived.

Had
the film
started
before we reached cinema?
Had
they
not visited
a doctor?
hadn't
lisa already
hosted

an ENGLISH hangout before?
subject +

+
past participle
hadn't
+ subject +
past participle
+ ?
had
+ subject +
not
+
past participle
+ ?
uso
did
+ subject +
not
+
infinitive
+ ?
didn't
+ subject +
infinitive
+ ?
was
/
were
+ subject +
not
+
present participle
+ ?
wasn't
/
weren't
+ subject +
present

participle
+ ?
past
1. Ação completada antes de outra
no passado
She only understood the movie because
she
had read
the book.
present
past
2. Ação completada antes de outra no passado
She only understood the movie because
she
had read
the book.
present
outros casos
*
ações especificadas no tempo antes de uma outra no passado.

ex: She
had visited
her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.
*
ação iniciada e terminada até o início de uma outra no passado.

ex: We
had had
that car for ten years before it broke down.
simple past past perfect
We
left
the building and
went
to the parking lot.
*
orações subordinadas (as soon as, after, beforee until)

ex: As soon as we (
had
)
left
the airport, it started raining.
We
had

left
the building before we
went
to the parking lot.
past
present
1
2
1
e
2
são ações diferentes
past
present
1
2
1
e
2
são ações diferentes
X
pretérito perfeito
active voice passive voice
x
The teacher
was helping
the student.
the student
was being

helped
by the teacher.
was/were
+
past participle
pretérito mais-que-perfeito
pretérito imperfeito de "estar" + gerúndio
Rafael Marinho
Paulo Henrique Felix
active voice passive voice
George
had repaired
many cars before he received his mechanic's license.
Many cars
had been repaired
by George before he received his mechanic's license.
X
had
+
been
+
past participle
was/were
+
being
+
past participle
Past Perfect
Continuous
STRUCTURE
past
2. Ação completada antes de outra no passado
She only understood the movie because
she
had read
the book.
present
subject

+

had

+

been

+

present participle
interrogative
affirmative
negative
had
+ subject +
been
+ present participle + ?
had
+
not
hadn't'
chris was tired because he
had not been resting
lately.
Mike wanted to cry a little because he
had not been studying
for the exam.
Jason
hadn't been playing
anything, so he switched on his video game.

once everybody left
, had
ellen
been complaining
about them?
had
he been practicing
his mandarin when he spoke to her?
when the coach began,
had
they
been
already
practicing
?
subject +

+
been
+
present participle
We
had been traveling
since 1998.
They
had been talking
for over an hour before Tony arrived.
nathan
had been working
for ten years when he was promoted.

past
1. Ação duradoura em tempo específico antes de outra
no passado
They
had been talking
for over an hour before Tony arrived.
present
past
2. Causa
tracy's performance wasn't good because she
had been practicing
incorrectly at the gym.
present
past continuous past perfect continuous
He was tired because
he was exercising
so hard.
He was tired because
he had been exercising
so hard.
past
present
past
present
X
active voice passive voice
Chef Jones
had been preparing
the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris.
The restaurant's fantastic dinners
had been being prepared
by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris.
X
had
+
been
+ being+
past participle
Full transcript