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Transcript of OUT OUT.....
heart rendering poem with a single minded message, 'death is inevitable and life should go on'
single stanza poem
free verse poem
And made dust and dropped stove-length sticks of wood,
Sense of sight
Sense of smell
A strong pause within a line. Helps the reader to reflect upon the action, or message in the poem. Caesura exists where commas and colon is present in the line.
Call it a day, I wish they might have said
To please the boy by giving him the half hour
That a boy counts so much when saved from work.
His sister stood beside them in her apron
To tell them “Supper.” At the word, the saw,
As if to prove saws knew what supper meant,
Leaped out at the boy’s hand, or seemed to leap—
He must have given the hand. However it was,
Neither refused the meeting. But the hand!
Will Graham's first outcry was a rueful laugh,
As he swung toward them holding up the hand
Half in appeal, but half as if to keep
The life from spilling.
BY ROBERT FROST
Robert Frost's poem "Out, Out-" there are many themes perfectly woven together to create the final impression of the poem about death and how life must go on.
brevity of life
death is inevitable
child labour/child forced to do a man's job
Students will be able to narrate the
background of the poet
Students will be able to present one
of the themes of Out Out...
Students will be able to identify the themes, structural devices and
significance of the title
The title 'Out, Out - has been taken from the lines of Macbeth
'Out Out brief candle, life but a walking shadow.' Robert Frost uses this to show the inevitibility of death and the futility of life.
Hyphen symbolises end of life
Vermont and the time is late afternoon
The buzz-saw snarled and rattled in the yard,
ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION
for effect. an inanimate
object described as a
the verb 'snarled' creates
imagery of angry dogs,
wolves and other quadruped
'rattled' brings to mind
the sound of a snake giving
warning that it is about to strike
sense of sound
we can picture the falling dust, stove-length wood
Sweet-scented stuff when the breeze drew across it.
Image of 'sweet scented stuff' wafted
by the breeze
The writer makes use of sound, sight and
smell in the introductory lines.
And from there those that lifted eyes could count
Five mountain ranges one behind the other
Under the sunset far into Vermont.
If one were to look up, one would see the vast landscape of Vermont. The five mountain ranges are the Appalachian Mountains, Green Mountains, Notre Dame Mountains, Presidential Range, and Taconic Mountains
All this beauty surrounds them, yet the workers are too exhausted to even lift their eyes to take in this scene.
And the saw snarled and rattled, snarled and rattled,
he words 'snarl' and 'rattle' give us an idea of just how dangerous the saw is.
The verbs give the power tool animalistic life.
And the saw snarled and rattled, snarled and rattled,
As it ran light, or had to bear a load.
And nothing happened: day was all but done.
The writer wants the reader to pause and to consider the seriousness of the situation. The repetiton of 'snarled and rattled' indicates the seriousness of the threat. The second line allows the reader to think about the circumstances.
The last line functions as a conclusion to the immediate action.
Use of a trite imperative
for cessation of work.
The writer further asserts himself with the regretful comment. Writer blames the adults for not intervening and 'calling it a day'
Cherishes the time spent away from the buzz saw.
the children in this poem do seem to enjoy
their childhood. The boy is exhausted and has
no time to lift his eyes. His sister is busy making
Frost has anthropomorphized the inanimate object 'saw' by giving it human attributes - 'knew' and 'leaped.' the word 'buzz-saw' itself is an example of onomatopoeia - the buzzing sound of the machine saw.
'has given his hand' may imply he has given his
hand to the saw. Smbolizes 'sacrifice'
'neither refused the meeting' implies no resistance
from both parties.
the writer uses an Oxymoron 'rueful laugh' to indicate the
Circulatory Shock the boy undergoes, on loss of his hand.
He holds up his severed hand in disbelief.
The literal meaning of this line is to keep the blood from spilling but the writer uses metonymy to tell us that the life of the boy is in mortal danger.
EXAMPLES - METON
METONYMY - EXAMPLES
"He writes a fine hand." - This means that the person writes neatly or has good handwriting.
The pen is mightier than the sword." - This only means that words spoken well are mightier than military force.
"We have always remained loyal to the crown." - The crown here stands to symbolize the king of a particular country.
The House was called to order." - This means that the 'members' of a House, assuming that it's a House of Parliament, were called to order.
He is a man of cloth' - This only means to say that the man who the sentence is talking about is a man who belongs to a religious sect; cloth signifies that 'robes' worn by religious men. -
Then the boy saw all— the use of 'big boy doing a man's job'
Since he was old enough to know, big boy serves to appeal to emotion. 'though a
Doing a man’s work, though a child at heart— child at heart' bring out the theme of
the poem, child labour
He saw all spoiled. “Don’t let him cut my hand off—
The doctor, when he comes. Don’t let him, sister!” disoriented and loss of
blood makes him appeal to his sister to
find a way to save amputation.
So. But the hand was gone already.
The doctor put him in the dark of ether.
a short phrase, the rather indifferent and ambiguous "so," is a way that the writer is able to relate to the people's indifference to the event,
He lay and puffed his lips out with his breath.
And then—the watcher at his pulse took fright.
No one believed. They listened at his heart.
Little—less—nothing!—and that ended it.
No more to build on there. And they, since they
Were not the one dead, turned to their affairs.
The last part records the reactions of the others to the predicament. They react very hard-heartedly to the turn of affairs: "And they, since they/Were not the one dead, turned to their affairs." They perhaps render themselves immune to experience by finding refuge in the daily routine of life. They have an objective approach as it helps them deal with things better. one of the lessons learnt was that Death is inevitable.The phrase "Little--less--nothing!" points to the ultimate destination of Life: Nihilism.