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The US Constitution
Transcript of The US Constitution
The First Three Articles
The Bill of Rights
The First 10 Amendments
The First Amendment
-Freedom of Speech
-Freedom of Religion
- Against the Establishment of a Religion
The Second Amendment
The Right to Bear Arms
Congress (The Legislature)
The House of Representatives
-2 year terms
-Based on Population.
- Must be 25, a citizen for 7 years, and live in the state you are elected from.
-The 3/5ths Compromise
-Power to Impeach the President
-6 year terms.
-Each State gets 2.
- Must be 30 years old, have been a citizen for 9 years, and live in the state you will serve
-Vice President is President of Senate, but only votes if there is a tie.
What Powers Do They Have?
-Power to tax.
-To borrow money.
-Regulate commerce with other nations and between the states.
-To Declare War
-To Make Laws.
Established the Executive Branch
The President must be...
-A Natural Born Citizen
-35 years old
-Have lived in the US for the past 14 years.
He serves a four-year term.
-His powers are-
-The Commander and Chief
-To make treaties (approved by Senate)
-Enforces Laws (Signs bills into law)
-Gives State of the Union
Elected by Electoral College
Established the Judicial Branch
The Supreme Court.
-Justices serve for life.
-Not originally given the power to declare laws or actions unconstitutional.
The Great Compromise
The Third Amendment
Army Can't Take Control of Private Property in Peacetime.
The Fourth Amendment
Protects Against Unreasonable Search and Seizure without Probable Cause
The Fifth Amendment
-Due Process of Law
-No "Double Jeopardy"
-Doesn't have to be a witness against himself.
-Private property taken for public use must have compensation
The Sixth Amendment
-Right to a Speedy Trial
-Informed of the Charges
-Call Witnesses in his Favor
-Right to a lawyer
The Seventh Amendment
-Right to sue in court
-Decided by Jury
The Eighth Amendment
-Protects Against Cruel and Unusual Punishment
-Also against excessive bail and fines
Is the Death Penalty Cruel and Unusual?
Arguments against Death Penalty
-Banned in most other "western" powers
-Hasn't been shown to prevent crime
-More likely to be given to blacks than whites
-Supreme Court has found that it isn't cruel and unusual.
-Some crimes call for it.
-Appeal Process diminishes executions of innocent
The Ninth Amendment
Says that not all the rights people have are contained in constitution.
The Tenth Amendment
-Powers not given in the constitution are reserved for the states.
Amendment 13 (1865)- Freed the Slaves
Amendment 14 (1868)- Gave Freed Slaves Citizenship
Amendment 15 (1870)- Gave Blacks the Right to Vote
Amendment 19 (1920)- Women's Right to Vote
Amendment 22 (1951)- Term limit on President
Amendment 25 (1967)- Presidential Succession
Amendment 26 (1971)- Vote at 18
The Amendment Making Process
Congress can propose an amendment if they have approval of 2/3 of the members of each house.
States can propose an amendment if they have approval of 2/3 of the state governments.
Amendments must be ratified by 3/4ths of the state (either in the legislatures or in specific conventions that are called in to session to discuss amendment).