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Fossil Fuels and Natural Resources

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by

Jessie B

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of Fossil Fuels and Natural Resources

Fossil Fuels
Three Different Types of Fossil Fuels
Earth Resources
The first kind of fossil fuel is oil. The oil could be called petroleum. It is found deep in the ground stuck between rocks. It is used for electricity and heat during the winter.
The Second Kind is...
The second kind of fossil fuel is natrual gas, a element lighter than air. This gas is made out of methane, which is made of carbon and hydrogen atoms. This is found near the oil in the ground. This is also soaked up from the ground and because it doesn't have a smell, it is mixed with a bad smell, so that we can tell if there is a leak because you can not see it. Gas is used for cars in a couple different ways. It is used for running the car and daylight headlights. Also, stoves and other appliances.
The Third kind is...
The third kind of fossil fuel is coal, which can form a black rock that you may get in your stocking or soft brown dirt. Coal is the source for most of our electricity and energy in the U.S. Many of the coal beds are near the earths surface. Coal is obviously used for freight trains, and lots of plants are fired that way. Here is a link that explains it a little better than I can.
https://www.duke-energy.com/about-energy/generating-electricity/coal-fired-how.asp
What is an earth resourse?
Earth resources (considered also as natural resources) are resources that the earth naturally provides or produces that humans benefit from. Some earth resources are metals/minerals, water, plants, wood, oil, and coal.
Metals/Minerals
and
Wood
Water and Plants
Water is one of the most important natural resources because it is necessary for life. We use water for drinking, washing, cooking, and irrigation.
.Nearly 97 percent of all the world's water is salty or otherwise undrinkable. Another 2 percent is locked in ice caps and glaciers. That leaves 1 percent for all our needs.
. The average total home water use for each person in the U.S. is about 50 gallons a day.
. There is about 326 square miles of water on earth (72 per
Oil and

Coal
Oil is used for gasoline and diesel for our cars, as well as asphalt. It also sometimes powers machines that make household objects
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
crude oil: a dark oil made of mostly hydrocarbons, also known as petroleum
Glossary
electricity: a form of energy that is created from charged particles
The First Kind is...
Wood:
The natural resource of forests and wood helps us in many different ways.
. removes carbon dioxide from atmosphere
. produces material for furniture and paper

Minerals and Metals are used not only for jewelry but also for equipment and tools. Here are a few minerals and their uses.

Metals/Minerals:
Diamonds:
Jewelry, mechanical equipment
Gold:
Jewelry, dental material
Platinum:
equipment, jewelry
Chromium:
stainless steel, green glass
leather treatment
Maganese:
steel, cast iron
By Sarah and Jessie
We use all sorts of plants mainly for decoration and food. Fruits, vegetables and edible leaves are used in salads, sides and just snacks. We use other plants for decoration but the most important use of plants is for them to take the carbon dioxide out of the air and replace it with oxygen which we need to breathe.
Coal is a sediment rock made from layers of earth being pressured and compressed. We use coal for energy for trains, heat and electricity.
natural resource: any materials found in nature that can be used for economic gain, such as minerals, forest and water produced by nature.

Glossary
energy: the property of matter and radiation that is manifest as a capacity to perform work
Glossary
fossil fuel: a fuel such as coal or gas that
is formed from the remains of dead
animals and plants
How are Fossil Fuels Formed?
Glossary
generator: it converts chemical energy into electricity
Glossary
global warming: an increase of earths temperature, caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide and pollution
Coal is formed by plants that decompose and turn to peat, which is full of carbon. Water and gas are squeezed out as more peat formed and left only carbon. After the carbon is compressed and pressured it forms coal.
Glossary
greenhouse gas: any gases that keep heat in
the atmosphere
Glossary
Natural gas is formed when sea animals and plants decompose and are covered in a layer of sediment. Each new layer causes the pressure and heat to increase which can either cause it to form oil or gas.
natural gas: used as fuel, consisting of methane and other hydrocarbons.
Glossary
nonrenewable resource: a resource that you
can't renew
Glossary
Why are Fossil Fuels important?
petroleum: hydrocarbons that is in rock and can be in gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil, oil
Glossary
Fossil Fuels provide energy for transportation, communication, electricity and other household objects and devices.
renewable resource: any resource that can be replenished in time
Glossary
turbine: a machine that produces continues power

Glossary
climate change: a change in climate patterns, mostly from lots of atmospheric carbon dioxide
How do we get energy from Fossil Fuels?
Fossil Fuels are turned to energy by being heated and burned in a very high level boiler which creates pressure steam. The steam is so pressurized that it turns the generator which generates electricity. It is then used to heat homes and become fuel for transportation
What are some products are made from fossil fuels?
. Medicines (cough syrup, rubbing alchohol ect..
. Fertilizer
. Plastics
. Paints
. Gasoline ran vehicles
Video on how
Fossil Fuelis used
Thanks for watching!
all: http://pp.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=fossil+fuel%3B+coal


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