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Industrial Cultures

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Juliana Varela

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Industrial Cultures

Industrial cultures use external energy sources, such as fossil fuels to maximize production Changes in Industrial Societies Industrial Cultures What is it? What is
Adaptation? An economic and social change that adapts from a primarily agricultural society to one that focuses on manufacturing, work, and wages Industrial
Cultures A system where individuals own property and the means to produce and distribute goods and services; people work and compete with the purpose of generating a profit.
(most countries including Canada) Capitalism The production of large amounts of standardized products usually made in factories on assembly lines Mass Production How cultures obtain and distribute material goods is considered a form of adaptation by many anthropologists

The major culture types based on economy are Foraging, Horticultural, Agricultural, Pastoral, Industrial, and Communication-Based Cultures. Key Terms How Cultures
Adapt Resources Food production changes to large commercial farms where the products of industry, to decrease human labor while increasing production. Mass Production Industry

Wage Labour Communism

Capitalism Assembly Line When over 50% of the workforce is employed in manufacturing a society has then transitioned into an Industrial Society To maximize production this culture uses production lines Wage Labour The relationship between a worker and employer where the worker exchanges their labour for payment as oppose to their "product" for payment. Is a set of operations that follow a sequence in a factory where materials are put through a refining process to produce an end-product available for consumption or the components are used to make a finished article Assembly Line A system where the community owns the property and the means to produce and distribute good and services; people contribute according to their abilities and receive according to their needs. Communism (currently Cuba, and Russia in the past) Industry The production of an economic good or service within an economy become mechanized
for more efficiency manufacturing As populations grow,
technology and Machines replace workers !!!! PROS CONS

more availability of
consumer goods
Tech innovations
assembly lines =
faster production
less people working
in factories, and
farms = more people
industry overcrowding in cities
massive pollution because
of fossil fuels
eventual job loss
due to technology
mass production
can lead to
and deforestation
leads to economical
inequalities job opportunities overall society wealth in the service Industrialization TIME LINE England becomes the
first industrial society
& in 1797 the assembly
line is first used in the U.S. 1800's Holland, Germany and
the U.S also become
industrialized with
plantation systems U.S. begins to see decline
in both agricultural
workers and industrial
workers. The new
employer is the service
industry 1960 Today 1750 Practically all European
countries are at least
industrial, & some
post-industrial. Canada is
moving close to being post
industrial as well. Check Your Understanding 1) What are the two economic
systems that control the distribution
of money? How do they differ? 2) Identify 2 pros and cons to industrial

3) What was appealing to farmers about
life in the city? Juliana
Sarah vs
Full transcript