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Poli 1223 - Five Roman Citizens
Transcript of Poli 1223 - Five Roman Citizens
A great man for a season until he lost his virtue.
He was a politician, soldier and had deep pockets for supporting gardens, poetry and the lliterary arts.
Elected consul in 74 BC.
Commander in the Mithradic War (PTSD)
Abandoned his command and ran back to Rome
Retired super rich to a life of dishonor and luxury.
Held banquets and yet few would attend.
When finally, no one would dine with him, he said, "Lucullus dones with Lucullus."
He ended his own life in despair.
Overview of the lesson
What are you looking for?
What virtue does each citizen represent?
What skills did that person possess and did they use the skills and virtues to improve themselves and society?
Romans eventualy lost widespread virtues and devolved into a love affair with getting rich, collecting huge sums of money and then abusing others with that money/power.
How does political culture help or hinder the government?
A Freeborn citizen of Tarsus, taxpayer, educated with many languages, with the virtues of courage, wisdom, faith, hope,
It is difficult to separate myth from fact. It is nearly impossible to sort it out.
Spurius Ligustinus (171 BC)
A common Plebe that illustrates UPWARD MOBILITY
A simple man with honor, courage and self-sacrifice
Wealth has little to do with his improvement or courage
Served in the Legions for 22 years and awarded 30 times for bravery.
Was called back into service to save Rome from attack.
I was not there ... but I think Cato whispered with his dying breathe ...
I would rather die a free man than live the life of the lapdog of Julius Caesar .......
Five Roman Citizens
Saul - St. Paul of Tarsus
Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus
c 519-439 BC
Lucius Licinius Lucullus
c 118-56 BC
Spurius Ligistinus 171 BC
Marcus Porcius Cato, the younger
95 - 46 BC
Marcus Porcius Cato
The Five Citizens
C118 - 56 BC)
How did these Citizens portray the Roman Ideal?
How did they illusrate virtues?
What role does wealth play?
How did upward mobility work?
How well prepared were these citizens?
Powerful charismatic leaders offer you law and order but only if you elect them dicator or king.
How does Julius Caesar illustrate the problem?
Elect me King and I will save you!!!??
The form and structure of a government cannot overcome the collapse of personal virtues
Political culture is foundational to a healthy small but vibrant government.
Proper preparation prevents poor performance - how were these citizens prepared for suffering, sacrifice and resistence?
to talk to the crowd
A stoic and a Republican leader
well-known for his integrity and resisted all forms of corruption and bribes.
Lived a modest lifestyle -- strenuous exercise, practiced living in the cold and rain, ate a minimal diet, and drank cheap wines.
Preferred the simple life a soldier to that of the luxury of an officer.
Elected Quaestor and prosecuted corrupt officials
He was never absent as a Senator
Elected Tribune of the Plebes in 63 BC
He battled against Lucius Sergius Catilina, a nobleman seeking to make himself King.
Caesar spoke up in defense of Lucius thus becoming a mortal enemy of Cato
Caeser also wanted to be king.
He was brutal and may have further insulted Cato by raping Cato's wife.
The Triumphvirate of Caeser, Pompey and Crassus begin their reign of abuse and violence.
Cato is elected governor of Cyprus in 49BC
He refused bribes and honestly collected the taxes. He sent the money back to Rome (It sank in a storm)
He fled to Northern Africa while being pursued by Julius Caesar.
Caesar defeated the Republican forces at the Battle of Thapsus in 46 BC
Cato ends up in Utica, Tunisia
He dismissed his troops
He prepared to die
Caesar offered to allow him to become his servant
Cato responded: ....I'd rather die than be the lapdog of Caesar.
Cato tried to commit
Paul was born free and and no holes in his ears. He was never a slave. What about you?
Paul insists on journeying to Jerusalem for a ritual cleansing.
Paul is attacked by the Jews in the temple area, arrested and drug down to the Roman barracks. He is beaten by the Centurion (sergeant of 100).
Paul spoke Greek and insisted on being a citizen and demanded a trial.
What was the Commander Claudius Lysius to do?????
Claudius Lysius announced that he had been a slave and had bought his freedom . Paul responded that he was a paid up taxpayer from Tarsus. Check it out.
Round trip of several weeks
The crowd tries to kill him again
Paul on trial
Paul insists on his right to justice
First trial in front of the High Council
Roman governor Felix (200 guards)
House arrest under Festus
Felix reheard his case but refused to let him go (looking for bribery)
Paul insisted, "Let me go or I appeal to Caesar."
King Agrippa Heard his case one more time.
Shipwrecked in Malta refused to escape
Several years under house arrest in Rome
Died a martyr
A farmer, soldier, citizen, Senator, dictator -- a simple but marvelous man. A leader of men with virtue in abundance.
Elected consul in 460 BC
His son is accused of murder; Cato posted bail, and the son skipped town. Cato was duty bound to pay for his wayward son's crimes.
The Aequi tribe threatend to sack Rome. The Legion was trapped in SE Italy. The Volscians trapped Commander Minicus in a canyon.
Rome asked Cincinnatus to be dictator to save it and the Legions trapped in the south.
How do we protect ourselves from tyranny and the strong man solution?
Violence did not work
Wasted his time eating, drinki, attending Greek tragedies and plays and consorting with women of ill-repute
Marcus Porcius Cato:
Faith and Civics
Leisure time usage
W/ virtue - great leaders arise
Society is flawed but we need society to conrol violence
Being rich is extremely dangerous
JD Rockefeller, Andrew Carengie, Jp Morgan
lesson of upward mobility
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Booker Washington and TR