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Waste Management

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by

Ashley O'Hagan

on 24 March 2015

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Transcript of Waste Management

Waste Management
What is Waste
Management?
Factors Affecting Waste Management
People:
There are many solutions that have come to deal with waste management but most of them have been cast off because of residents. Like incinerators or community recycling bins. No one wants anything like that near their house.
By: Ashley O'Hagan
&
James Ashley

What is Waste?
Population:

There are many different ways that population affects waste management. The most common one is the size. A large population generates more waste therefore the waste is harder to get rid of and the landfills grow bigger. Where as a small population creates less waste so its easier to handle.
Land use:
Landfills take up a lot of space especially old ones which have grown for a long time. If we keep making them then we will lose a lot of space that could be used for better things. Also if we keep making landfills we will all soon be surrounded by trash in the future which is a huge economic effect since nobody likes visiting trashy dirty places.
Economy
It has been proven that in places with a low economy generate more biodegradable waste like food. Places with high economy generate lot of recyclable waste like plastic water bottles or toy packaging. This is because places with low economy can't afford to buy toys or fast food unlike the people in places with high economy.
How Waste Effects The Environment
Surface water contamination:
Waste that ends up in water changes the chemical composition in a negative way which is also known as water pollution. This harms animals that drink from polluted water and also organisms that live in it.
Soil contamination:
Contaminants that get into the soil can harm plants that take up these hazardous chemicals. If any human or animal eats any organisms that have came in contact with the polluted soil, there will be negative impacts on their health.

Pollution:
It's no secret on how bad pollution effects people's health.
Leachate:
A Liquid that forms as water trickles through contaminated areas. It forms a very harmful mix of chemicals and may result in hazardous chemicals seeping into surface water groundwater or soil
Incineration
Then let someone else pick up our trash/waste
and let them deal with it.
Most of us don't think about trash.
All we do is throw it out...
Substances or objects that are no longer needed and can be discarded. There are many different types of waste which we will discuss throughout the presentation.
The concept of waste management involves the collection, removal, processing, and disposal of materials considered waste. Waste materials can be solid, gaseous, liquid, or even hazardous and are generally generated through human activity. Historically, developed nations have dealt with their waste by sending it to landfills or burning it in incinerators.
The Problem
Waste management is a problem that is becoming bigger and bigger. Even though in developed countries we have adequate facilities, competent government institutions, and bureaucracies to manage waste, we still generate LARGE amounts of wastes. US citizens produce more than 4 lbs of waste per day which is more than can be properly disposed of. As for developing countries they don't have many ways to manage their waste which is a huge problem and very costly.
A landfill is a structure bulit into or on top of the ground, in which trash is separated from
the area around it.
Operations in a Landfill:
1. Confined to as small an area as possible
2. Compacted to reduce their volume.
3. Covered with layers of soil.
Landfills are often the most cost-efficient way to dispose of waste.
Municipal solid wastes are designed to protect the environment from contaminants.
There are problems with landfills which are:
1. They consume land resources.
2. There are limited spaces for making new landfills.
3. Leachate is produced from the waste in the landfill, and if landfills aren't lined properly the
Leachate can escape and cause serious damage to our environment.
4. They attract disease carrying pests.
5. They stink and are unsighlty
Landfills
This simply means burning waste.
This meth
od is common in countri
es with li
mited landfill space. Incineration chambers ca
n be small
for domestic use, but there
are large
ones for municipal use as well. It is gre
at for treat
ing waste with contaminatio
n (like th
ose from hospitals) and hazardous wa
ste from f
actories, but the method produ
ces too m
uch carbon dioxide which is BAD! Mod
ern incineration pro
cesses are more efficient and release less dioxin than home fireplaces and
backyard barbecue
s. This method is very common in Denmark, Germany and the Neth
erlands. This meth
od is effective in some ways while, on the other hand it is very dangerous for the env
ironm
ent. When you burn a pile of garbage in an incinerator about a quarter comes out as
ash.
This ash can be dangerous filled with many toxins like metal or plastics. Another thing is
the
toxic smoke that's released into the air. We breath it in as we pass by industrial places. All that burned up led, plastic who know what other disgusting things getting sucked into to our lungs with every breath. Incinerators are not a solution they are a problem.
Solid wastes
Any garbage or discarded material that is a non-liquid. Some examples: tires, newspapers, broken furniture and even food wastes.
Liquid Waste
Waste that comes in a non-solid form. Although some solid waste can be converted into liquid waste for disposal. Some examples are: sewage, contaminated groundwater, and industrial liquid discharges.
Organic Waste
Organic wastes are anything that comes from animals or plants that is biodegradable. (Biodegradable means easily broken down by living organisms) Most places like Italy take organic waste and turn it into fertilizer. Some examples are: fruits vegetables, eggshells, coffee grounds, and all yard waste.
Hazardous Waste
Hazardous wastes are those that potentially threaten public health or the environment.
Both solid and liquid wastes can be hazardous.
In many countries it is required by law to involve the appropriate authority to supervise the disposal of such hazardous waste.
Some examples are: pesticides, hair spray cans, old paints, house cleaners and fire extinguishers.
Recyclable Waste
Recyclable waste is waste that can be potentially recycled.
(Recycling is processing used materials into new products)
Some examples of recyclable waste are: plastics, paper, glass, and aluminum.
Types of Waste
Caserma Ederle
Eco Center
Hospital
Auto Center
Hazardous Waste Center
Caserma has places on base where you can throw away your trash from home. The most common place is the Eco center but there is also the clinic, the auto center, and the hazardous waste center. Also there are many bins around businesses in Caserma so they don't have to go all the way to the eco center unless it is necessary. Last but not least there are recycling containers can be found all around Caserma.
The Military pays the communities you live in to pick up your trash from your house.
You are really supposed to use the community recycling center in your town.
Since many people just bring their trash to the eco center it costs more because they are already paying the community to pick up your trash at home and they still have to pay the italian waste management to pick up the waste from Caserma.
It costs $2.6 MILLION
Citations:
"Common Types of Waste with Examples." Common Types of Waste with Examples. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. <http://www.eschooltoday.com/waste-recycling/types-of-waste.html>.
"Pollution Issues." Waste. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. <http://www.pollutionissues.com/Ve-Z/Waste.html>.
"Garbage Landfill Facts | Enlighten Me." Enlighten Me. N.p., 11 Aug. 2014. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. <http://enlightenme.com/garbage-landfill/>.
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