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Digital Photography

Intro to Digital Photography
by

Laura Stewart

on 19 September 2014

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Transcript of Digital Photography

Noticing the little things...
Look around and try to notice the un-noticed
Simplify the scene
Fill the frame
Aspect ratio
Avoid the middle
Leading lines
Use diagonals
Space to move
Backgrounds
Creative with colors
Breaking the rules

Steps to the perfect photo!
Aspect ratio
Switch between different formats:
vertical, horizontal, square, wide screen
Know your camera

Simplify the scene
Filter out what is not necessary to highlight the main focus.
Extra material in a picture distracts the eye.
Fill the frame
Give the viewer a full image to look at.
If there's dead space then the viewer may lose interest.
The photo shouldn't stop abruptly or cut off valuable material.
Avoid the middle
To add interest avoid setting the subject or focus in the middle.
This is called the "bulls eye effect".
A slight offset will keep content from being too predictable.
Leading lines
The goal of a good photo is to keep the viewer's eyes moving and engaged.
Naturally captured lines help aid the viewer, leading the eye to a certain area of the photo
Use diagonals
Switching up the angle of your shot can add a dramatic twist to the photo. Using this format uses scale and focus to add emphasis on certain aspects.
Space to move
"motion blur" is a way of creating the feeling of movement within a photo.
Using techniques such as panning is helpful with creating movement and focus.
Backgrounds
The rule of thumb is to have a strong focus with supporting background and foreground.
This way all aspects of the picture have interest but there is still a strong flow and focus.
Creative with colors
Using primary or complimentary colors adds excitement and extreme tonal range to a photo.
To add a feeling or context to a photo try using monochromatic colors.
Breaking the rules
There are always exceptions to these guidelines and always a photo that abandons all rules.
So go for it and take a risk!
Laura Stewart
Graduated from James Madison University with a B.S. in Industrial Design

Currently working as a
Graphic Designer for LA.ST.ED design
Digital Photography
"Exposure." ExposureGuide.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 July 2014.
Shutter Button
Mode Dial
Pop-up Flash
Camera Lens
Aperture
Lens Release
Basics about digital cameras
(back diagram)
Viewfinder
Hot Shoe
White Balance
LCD Screen
Storage
Battery
Exposure Triangle
Basic Digital Photography Terms:

Resolution
Image Quality
File Formats
Media Storage Devices
Optical vs. Digital Zoom
Exposure
Media Storage
Storage and Sharing
Memory Card
CD
DVD
Floppy Disks
Hard Disks
External Hard Drives
Online Storage and Sharing
www.
Dropbox
.com
www.
Facebook
.com
Skype
The Cloud
Camera Zooming
Digital vs. Optical Zoom
Optical
The lens controls the magnification and focal length

Image quality remains high or constant
Digital
Crops the photo to a smaller frame and then enlarges this
cropped image

Image quality is lost through
this process
Exposure
ISO, Shutter Speed, Aperture
Image affected by shutter speed, ISO (film speed and sensitivity to light), and aperture
Most cameras have auto exposure settings
White balance is also a way to auto correct an image's exposure and tonal values.
Manual settings allow for complete exposure manipulation
Basics about digital cameras
(front diagram)
Know your camera

Lighting
Lighting
Tools and rules of lighting
Always make sure scenes are well lite
Light Diffuser
Stay in flash range
Avoid reflections or reflective surfaces
The use of white or light material between the light and subject
This is used to prevent a harsh light and to create an even soft glow
This allows for less washing out and therefore more detail; eliminating the extreme darks and lights
Natural Light is always an easy lighting option

Aperture
Wide Aperture
Narrow Aperture
more light to expose photo
lower level of detail
narrower focal length
less stability needed
f/16 f/11 f/8 f/5.6 f/4 f/2.8 f/2 f/1.4
Camera Modes
less light to expose photo
higher level of detail
broader focal length
more stability needed
Landscape
Portrait
No flash
Manual
Program
Sport
Night
Macro/close up
http://photonotes.org/cgi-bin/view.pl?letter=!
For additional camera modes

Optical
Digital
Thank You!
http://www.lasteddesign.com/photoclass2.html
Resolution
Pixel Quality
A camera with higher pixels capability (megapixels) equals more detail and better quality picture
Pixels are the building blocks
of a digital picture
1 megapixel = 1 million pixels
Therefore more pixels allows for large image output and a clearer picture
File Formats
JPEG, TIFF, RAW
JPEG
Most common format
Compressed file
Not easy to edit
Best for sharing photos
TIFF
High quality
High ease for editing
Best for printing
RAW
Equal to digital negatives
Not meant for printing or image sharing
Best for editing
Image Quality
Camera settings
With in your camera settings you can modify the image quality
Typically you want to keep the quality and the Image size Large and Fine
If you aren't planning on printing or having a large finished photo then step down the quality
Large Image
Medium Image
Small Image
L
M
S
L
M
S
Fine/High Quality
Normal Quality
L
Memory Card Storage
Capacity
# of Photos
128
256
512
1
2
4
8
MB
MB
MB
GB
GB
GB
GB
98
196
392
784
1,568
3,136
6,272
This data is based on a typical "aim and shoot" camera on auto and are meant as a reference
Full transcript