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Chapter 9 Section 2: Nationalism and Sectionalism
Transcript of Chapter 9 Section 2: Nationalism and Sectionalism
After winning the War of 1812 and having successful negotiations with other countries, Americans enjoyed a rising sense of nationalism (feelings of pride and loyalty to a nation).
A representative from Kentucky, Henry Clay, was a big supporter of this nationalism.
Clay believed we needed a strong national economy to remain strong. He developed a plan called the American System (a series of measures intended to make the U.S. economically self-sufficient).
Clay pushed for a national bank with a single currency, protective tariffs, and internal improvements.
Roads and Canals
In the early 1800s, most roads were made of dirt and travel was very hard.
To improve the roads, Congress invested in road building.
The Cumberland Road was the first road built by the federal government, running from Cumberland, Maryland to Wheeling, Virginia (modern-day West Virginia). By 1850, the road had been expanded all the way to Columbus, Ohio.
Americans also needed easier water transportation. One of the largest project was the Erie Canal, which ran from Albany to Buffalo, New York.
The canal allowed goods to move between town on Lake Eric and NYC, and its success served as an incentive for a canal-building boom across the U.S.
John Quincy Adams
In Canvas, go to "Discussions".
Choose the discussion called "Bellwork for February 18, 2014".
Type your answer in the "reply" field, and submit.
The compromise had three main conditions:
1. Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state.
2. Maine would joing the Union as a free state.
3. Slavery would be prohibited in any new territories or states north of the 36/30 latitude line (Missouri's southern border).
Even after this compromise passed, there remained disagreements between the North and South about slavery.
Election of 1824
The Presidential Election of 1824 also brought a lot of controversy.
Andrew Jackson won the most popular votes, but he did not have enough electoral votes to win.
Under the Constitution, the House of Representatives had to choose the winner.
Henry Clay, a candidate for president, was Speaker of the House.
He threw his support behind John Quincy Adams, and the house elected Adams president. He then made Clay his Secretary of State.
Jackson's supporters screamed of a corrupt bargain between Clay and Adams which plagued Adams entire presidency.
Era of Good Feelings
From 1815-1825, the U.S. enjoyed what's called the Era of Good Feelings (an era of peace, pride, and progress).
National unity was further strengthened by two Supreme Court decisions,
McCulloch v. Maryland
(said Congress had the right to establish a National Bank) and
Gibbons v. Ogden
(said states could not interfere with the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce).
Identify aspects of the "Era of Good Feelings", how increased sectionalism led to national tension, and the results of the 1824 election.
Even though the U.S. was enjoying this Era of Good Feelings, sectionalism (disagreements between the different regions of the U.S.) began to threaten the Union.
When Missouri applied for statehood, this threatened to upset the balance between free states and slave states (11 each).
Henry Clay offered the Missouri Compromise (settled the conflict that had arisen from Missouri's application for statehood).