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The Roaring Life of the Twenties

By: Maya Dagher

Maya Dagher

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of The Roaring Life of the Twenties

The era that emobidied modern America
During the 1920's popular demand increased like never before. This era was a time where most people wanted what the famous people had. What made the heroes, heroes?
The risk taking, fashion and creativity that ours heroes had, others wanted. They saw the FAME and luxury the heroes lived and Americans thrived to have what they did.
What made the 1920's?
Rise of Popular Demand
The 1920’s was the era that embodied modern America, an era that “roared” with excitement. Dancers, fashion, celebrations, and creativity sparked all around.
Our Heroes of the time...
With this in mind Americans began buying and consuming products. We bought products based on the appeal and popularity rather then need for it. This idea was known as Conspicuous Consumption. Our eyes fed into the luxury and extravagance of the product, and as a result many couldnt afford want they wanted. They resorted to credit buying, why pay now when you can pay later? Paying later resulted in an increase of interest and amount originally due.
...became something we could consume, they pushed the boundaries of what had not been done before, they became known for something more than just their talents, we could consume their image.
As a result of the Red Scare, a new rise of the KKK began to form
and flourish once again. They saw a chance to use anti-communism as an excuse to harass other ethnic groups unlike them. Americans feared the rise of such a horrific group and approximately 4.5 million white males had joined in the KKK. They were aganist african americans, Catholics, Jews, opposed unions, and destroyed saloons.
Fear corrupted america and violate peoples fundamental rights.
During the 1920's fear also corrupted the minds of americans all
throughtout the nation....
The 20's was the era of the "Red Scare"--the rise of fear of the communist party. Mitchel A. Palmer was a man who took action and hunted down any suspected communists and anarchists. Him and his followers trampled Americans' rights by invading private homes and deporting foreign-born radicals. These soon became known as the "Palmer Raids". Eventually, most leaders were accused of being communist's and violence broke out around the country.
The Sacco & Vanzetti case illustrated what could happen to people who had radical views. Both of these men were anarchists and immigrants who invaded the draft during WWI. After the "Red Scare" many people became more suspicous of foreigners and immigrants. Many Nativists feared immigrants would bring the ideas of communism and spread them throughout the nation. The Government soon created the Quota syestem in response to the Nativist pressure and decided to limit immigration from certain countries and limit the amount of people who could enter the U.S. from each foreign country. These two men were soon arrested and as a result of this syestem and the judge's prejudice view towards immigrants Sacco & Vanzetti were charged with robbery and murder of a factory paymaster.
When the 18th amendment went into effect, this created a new era of Prohibiton--the manufacture, sale and transportation of alcoholic beverages were legally prohibited. Many prohibitionists assumed that this law would predict a new age of culture, religion and help boost the economy. However many people disliked the law and created unlawful nightclubs called speakesies. Soon gangsters began to emerge such as AlCapone who was head of the criminal empire, contorlled the bootlegged industry, and took control of the liquor business. Violent chaos erupted and americans started to fear once again.
Rise of Autoculture
By the 1920's auto prodcution had become a pillar of americas economy. The thirving business of the automotive industy had soon become very dominant in America and all throught out the nation.
Henry Ford introduced the first "Model T" in Detroit and nearly 15,500,000 cars were sold all throughout the U.S. The Model T started the beginning of the Motor Age in America. Ford revolutionized the motor industry by creating a constantly moving assembly-line. This made the cars faster to create, cheaper to make, and easier to sell. Soon in 1924 the mass production dropped the cost of the Model T, and everyone began to buy.
What was the impact of the Auto industry on American culture?
As a result of the purchasing of cars, many paved roads were created.
More job oppurtunities were available
Big cities sprawled, urban areas thrived
People with money started to move away from cities, and people without money began to move into cities.
The automobile launched rapid construction of gasoline stations, repair shops and public garages.
Population became more free and mobile, communities expanded and life for Americans was transformed.
The era of the 1920's created the rise of massive social changes. Disagreements arose concerning what was deemed evil and what was deemed good and what was illegal and what was prohibited. These clashes soon created a distinct difference between the liberal urban and rural conservative areas.
"New Woman" of the 1920's
Felt hats, sleek pumps, string beads, and jet black bobbed hairstyles. Influenced by the new Conspicous Consumption advertising the rebellious and radiant "New Woman" of the 1920's had emerged in urban areas, and soon became known as......
"The Flapper"
Their bold actions, daring personalities, flamboyant attire and their desire to stand out earned them a place in 1920's history. They created a new image in 20's fashion, dance fads had emerged and the flapper soon became a popular notion that women were changing.
The Two Extremes
Rural Conservative Woman of the 20's
Bonded together by conservative moral values and close social relationships, the rural conservative women was well-respected and higly valued amongst there small communities.
These two types of women were the two extremes of urban and rural communities. The Flapper was a thrill-seeker and exciting new image of the 20's, were as the Conservative Rural Women was bound by moral and religous values of the past decades.
Double Standards?
City Life
By the 1920's America had become an urban nation. Cities were the place to be during this era, businesses thirived, people were changing, and the economy was booming. They grew crowded more and more everyday, and life in the city was far more interesting then rural areas.
Cities were a world of competition and change, it demanded endurance and a face paced living style.
City dwellers judged eachother based on accomplishments rather background.
Drinking and gambling was the norm
While the city was seen as exciting and exhilirating to many, some small town rural country folks saw the cities as frightening and evil....
Rural Life
The life in the city was seen as evil in the eyes of many rural americans. Drinking, gambling and casual dating was immoral and sinful. The life that the city dwellers were living was careless and something the small town folks looked down upon. There strict morals and bonded relationships kept the rural communities protected by any evil. They worked hard in order for their small towns to prosper.
Throughout the 1920's Americans had found themselves caught between a hard-working, safe, moral valued small town aganist a big-city world of big time money makers and pleasure seekers.
"Urban American Life During the 1920s." Suite101.com. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. <http://michael-streich.suite101.com/urban-american-life-in-the-1920s-a190980>.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
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Standard for Women vs. Standard for Men
The fast-changing world of the 1920's brought new roles for women in the workplace and new trends in family life. When the flapper emerged it became an urban phenomenon, but most of the country was still embedded with the evil idea of Fundamentalism. When women started acting more "loosely" they became an outcast and was'nt considered a "good girl". Men were allowed to act this way but not women, you were'nt suppose to marry "flappers" you were suppose to marry good girls with moral values.
When men came back from the War, employers often replaced female workers with men. Because employers thought men should have the responsiblity to support their families finacially and A womens real job was at home. Women soon took jobs such as teaching, liberians, clerical type jobs and nurses. Many women still continued to earn wages; however women earned less than men. Soon the patterns of discrimination and inequality for women in the business world were established.
Work Roles changed

Family's Role Change
Widespread social and economic changes reshaped the family.
The birthrate had been declining due to the new product of birth control. Life was made simplier and easier by new prodcuts and innovations created during the 1920's.
Views on equality in marriage began to spread and marriages were based on romantic love and companionship.
Children staying in school and at home added pressure to the ideal of women as nurturer and as an earner in the workforce.
Soon some teens had become rebellious and also put strains on families.
Education and entertainment reflected the conflict between traditional attitudes and modern way of thinking.
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Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
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Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
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"Henry Ford puts man behind wheel"
Ideological Battle
Scopes Monkey Trial
Another controversy added to the already bitter rivalry between traditional and modern ideas. These two diffrent extreme views raged a battle between fundamentalist religious groups and secular thinkers over the legality of certain scientific discoveries.
Fundamentalism was mainly practiced in the south, they believed the Bible was inspired by God and all the stories found in it were true. Their hardcore beliefs soon led fundamentalists to reject Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. This theory stated that plant and animal species had developed and changed over millions of years. Fundamentalists hardcore believes rose issues on this theory and between urban secularism and rural traditionalism. Soon a big case known as "The Scopes Monkey Trial" attracted a huge amount of attention to many....
In 1925, the Tennesse legistaure passed the "Butler Law", this law prohibited the teaching of Charles Darwin's Theory of evolution in public schools. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), was a group formed to protect citizens rights by the Constitution and Bill of Rights. They also promised to defend anyone who would challenge this law. Soon a man named John T. Scopes made his way into the public eye....
John T. Scopes a biology teacher from Dayton, Tennesse, accpeted the challenge. Scopes started teaching evolution as a fact in his biology class, this soon set the stage for the "Trial of the Century". He was soon arrested and his trial was set for July. The ACLU followed through with there promise and hired the most famous lawyer to defend Scopes, Clarence Darrow.
"Reflections on the Scopes Trial by John Thomas Scopes." UMKC School of Law. Web. 27 Feb. 2012. <http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scopes/scopesreflections.html>.
As Clarence took center stage, William Jennings Bryan a devout Fundamentalism served as a special prosecutor and made his way into the trial.
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However, despite this admission, Scope's only issue was that he presented the teachings of evolution as fact. He was found guilty and fined $100. The Tennessee Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the law, but the law outlawing the teaching of evolution remained in effect.
In the end the "Monkey Trial" had become the turning point in the between the battle of rural fundamentalist values and secular urban thinkers.
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Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
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"The Jazz Age"
In the era of the 1920's the Jazz age was flourishing. Trumpets, saxophones, piano's and much more filled the air with enthusiasim and exhilirating energy. Music created a renewed push for many people, especially African Americans. This soon lead to a prosperous age for African American politicians, artists and musicians known as the...
The 20's brang a final extension of the African community saying "they've had enough".They were sick and tired of being deffered from their goals and wanted what the whites had a chance at, the American Dream. The Harlem Renaissance gave them a renewed chance to live a "normal" life in urban New York City. It gave them a chance to make their dreams a reality. Also, it expressed a new pride in urban African Americans, they emerged with their own uniquenesses, many new dance fads emerged such as the charleston and many new jazz moves. This movement brought a rise in also music, art and writing which expressed the many intellecutal capabilities that African Americans had.
Art, Music & Writing
The Harlem Renaissance gave rebirth to Music, Art, and Writing. Within their work was embedded to important themes that African Americans expressed throughout this era, hope and pride.
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Zora Neale Hurston thrived during this era because of her influence in African American writers, she studied folk tale and made a big impact on some of the writing done during this era.
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"If we must die, let us die nobly"
Claude McKay, a poet and novelist was a prominent figure in the Harlem Renaissance. He was a big advocate againist prejudice and discrimination. He wrote poems expressing the pains and hardships in his life.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
Langston Hughes was the era's best-known poet. He expressed the difficult lives of the working-class and the suffrage African Americans went through. In many of his poems he incorporated the rythms of African American music, particularly blues and jazz, which set him apart from other writers.
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What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up Like a raisin in the sun?... Or does it explode?
During the 1920s Harlem pulsed to the sounds of jazz, exotic nightclubs were formed, and soon the famous Cotton Club was beating to the sounds of saxophones and trumpets. Duke Ellington, a famous jazz painist and composer led a ten-piece orchestra and he was soon known as one of America's greatest composers.
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Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 1985. MI2-R124.
The Harlem Renaissance brought together not only African Americans, but people of all races. This movement represented the great social and culture changes that swept across America in the 1920s. New developments of music, art, literature and the role Harlem would continue to play after the Renaissance, would change the American cultural landscape forever.
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Do Nothing?
The "Do Nothing Presidents" was also a popular name during the 1920s. Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover were referred to as this name. There actions while in presidency earned all three of them the name "do nothing", they simply did nothing.
The Teapot Dome Scandal
The most prominent example of corruption was known as the Teapot Dome Scandal. This took place during the administration of President Harding, this scandal was a bribery incident and Harding's character soon became clear to the public. The government set aside oil filled public lands at Teapot Dome, Wymoing, and Elk hills, California for use by the U.S. navy. Soon Albert B. Fall, Secretary of Interior, came into the picture and ruined the image of President Harding. Albert was a close friend of many oil executives and managed to get the oil reserved transferred from the navy to the Interior department. He secretly released the land to two private oil companies under the names of Harry Sinclair and Edward Doheny. Albert soon began to recieve thousands of dollars in loans and bonds and was later found guilty of bribery because he claimed that the contracts were in the governments interest.
Albert B. Fall
President Harding soon died after the incident of the Tea Dome Scandal, but this scandal never left the minds of Americans. Soon Calvin Coolidge took presidency who promised to help restore people's faith in their government and in the Republican Party. He earned his reputation as a small-government conservative, who didnt say much and was referred to as "Silent Cal". When his presidency was over many criticized him as Lassiez-faire supporter, meaning "let it be" or "leave it alone" in French.
The next president was soon to come, Herbert Hoover took office and was phased with a huge problem. The Wall Street Crash of 1929, which set the stage for a catastropic next few years. While in office Hoover did the best that he could to make the economy prosper once again, but he failed in doing so. His failed attempt in regaining a thriving America marked the end of the glitz and glam age and into an era of hardships, misery and tragedies to all corners of the world. Its dark mark on history, ruined people’s lives financially as well as psychologically and socially.
The Great Depression Hits
Interview With my Grandma:
Me: What main events produced the social, political, and economic atmosphere of the 1920's?

Grandma: The 1920s, known as the "roaring twenties," was an American golden age. The economy was booming as politicians championed "lassiez-faire" or hands-off politics which was favorable toward big business. This, however, came to a standstill with the stock market crash in 1929.

Me: What trends were popular in the 1920s?

Grandma: I remember a fascination with flapper culture. Everyone wanted to have their hair short and dress in the latest fashions. It was a time of jazz, speakeasies, and good times. However, I was too young to experience most of these things, I definitley noticed the trends as i grew older.

Born April 1st, 1926
Age: 88
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The case was a public sensation and the Scopes Trial was a fight over evolution and the role of science and religion in public schools and in American society. As the case prolonged Darrow referred to Bryan as an expert on the Bible, creating more intensity in the case. Darrow soon began to question Bryan on his moral beliefs and values. In the end Bryan disappointed his supporters and admitted that some biblical events should not be taken so literally and can be interpreted in many different ways.
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