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Intro to Multi-Camera Techniques

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Scott Hayden

on 2 May 2017

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Transcript of Intro to Multi-Camera Techniques

LO1
LO2
LO3
Unit 23: Multi-Camera Techniques
Introduction
In this Unit you will research, prepare, and film a Multi-Camera Production of an existing Script.
What is meant by the term Multi-Camera?
ANSWER =

When several cameras are used on the set and simultaneously record or broadcast a scene.
YOU SHOULD HAVE DEFINED THESE TERMS...
Line cut
Vision Mixer
Crosses
Master shot
U23 P3 - LIP SYNC/ CONTINUITY ACTIVITY
In teams of 3-5 you are to shoot a multi-camera lip-sync demonstrating continuity action-match edits in your own individual edit.

Find a song
Learn the lyrics/ create an autocue
Select an actor/s to lip-sync the song
Shoot from at least 2 angles in the Studio (B210)
Share the video files in your team
Individually edit them in to your own cut
Share finished edits in your Google Drive for some U23 P3
Conclusion
In a Studio/ Multi-camera shoot the two outer cameras (1 and 4) normally shoot close-up shots or CROSSES of the two most active characters on the set at any given time
There is normally a central camera or cameras to shoot a wider MASTER SHOT (2 or 3) to capture the overall action and establish the space, geography, and size of the location.
Apart from saving editing time, scenes may be shot far more quickly as there is no need for touching up/ re-lighting the set-up of alternate camera angles for the scene to be shot again from different angles.
Drawbacks include:

Less specialised/ optimised lighting which needs to provide a compromise for all camera angles

Less flexibility in putting the necessary equipment on scene eg microphone booms and lighting set-ups.
In the case of sitcoms with studio audiences, this LINE CUT is typically displayed to them on studio monitors.
Multiple shots are obtained in a single take without having to start and stop the action/ worry about continuity.
Multi-camera set up is more efficient for programmes that are to be shown a short time after being shot as it reduces the time spent film editing or video editing the footage.
It is also a virtual necessity for regular, high-output shows.
Multi-camera set-up's also reduce the complexity of tracking continuity issues that crop up when the scene is re-shot from the different angles.

This is an essential part of live television.
These can be efficiently hidden in Single Camera shoots but can be more complicated to set up in Multi-camera shoots.

Mic and lighting placement may be inferior in a Multiple-camera setup for this reason.
While shooting, the Director and Assistant Director create a LINE CUT by instructing the VISION MIXER (or Technical Director) who is responsible for switching between the feed from the individual cameras

eg Camera 1, Camera 2, Camera 3
The LINE CUT might be adjusted/ refined later in editing.

Often all cameras are recording separately and as a combined reference display
In studio set ups the camera currently being recorded to the LINE CUT is indicated by a light controlled by a Camera Control Unit (CCU) on the camera as a reference both for the actors and the camera operators.
AIM
To understand the structure of the Unit and begin making notes for your LO1
OBJECTIVES
Look at the board
Hashtag for this project is #bcotmulti
PLEASE NOTE THIS
We will do LO1, then LO2, and then move on to LO3
Please make notes throughout this lecture. It will help you with the U23 LO1.
'Scrubs' (a single-camera sitcom) plays with the conventions of Multi-Camera techniques in this episode...
The bad points of Multi-Camera Techniques?
As always you need to use Google Drive for this project....
ACTIVITY

Go to your U23 LO1 folder

Create a new doc or new slides for your assignment now
BROADCASTING is the distributing of video (or audio) content to an audience through any mass communications medium.

Usually one using electromagnetic radiation (radio waves)
CROSSES literally refers to the crossing of the cameras views with another camera
TYPICAL MULTI-CAMERA SET-UP...
The Director and Assistant Director in the studio watching all the camera angles on separate screens.

The Director and Assistant Director choose which shot to play next and tell this to the VISION MIXER who switches between the feeds from the individual cameras - this is called a LINE CUT.

A light will then turn on above the live camera so both the actors and the cameramen know which camera is live.
You will cut between at least 2 camera angles

Good continuity/ action match edits are expected
Action Match edit example.....
TIP: Watch this to help you with your LO1
LINE CUT
#bcotmulti
Name as many multi-camera productions as you can on Twitter
Continuity = the maintenance of continuous action and self-consistent detail in the various scenes of a film or broadcast.
'30 Rock' is a comedy series in a single camera production style about a multi-camera production.

Recommended.
TED Talk: MULTI-CAMERA CASE STUDY
MULTI-CAMERA TECHNIQUES PRE-PRODUCTION
MULTI-CAMERA PRODUCTION
This is your last unit for me and, from what previous students have said, it is one that depends on teamwork and communication if you are to succeed.
ACTIVITY

Go to bcotmedia.weebly.com
LV3 Media
U23 Multi-camera Technician
U23 LO1 TED Talk

Read the Brief
ACTIVITY

Demonstrate continuity editing...

Shoot a 30 second scene from at least 2 angles using Photobooth
Import in to Premiere
Cut between the shots at least 3 times
Export Media
Upload to U23 LO3 folder
Full transcript