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ECE 290: Ecological and Social Learning
Transcript of ECE 290: Ecological and Social Learning
He said:, “Much of contemporary developmental psychology is the science of the strange behavior of children in strange situations with strange adults for the briefest possible periods of time”
He was a huge advocate for more humane and supportive situations for children and their families.
He helped to establish the Head Start program and told an entire generation of social science researchers to look differently at what affects children and how things affect children.
He was aware that people must see human
development in more accurate way in
order to improve the lives
of children. Focused on imitation
Bandura believes that humans acquire new behaviors by modeling others
Adults will model desirable behavior
Attention, retention, reproduction, motivation
Children will perform behaviors that are rewarded
Involves self-efficacy Monkey see, monkey do! Demonstration Time If a mother puts aside a broken toy until the father gets home to fix it, then the daughter might feel like she needs to rely on a man to fix things.
If a child was raised in another country that speaks another language, and then moved to America that child may have an accent or mix up the two languages, from time to time.
The way a child is raised can create his/her own cultural identity. If church is emphasized to a child during development and it was a positive experience for the child, then the child may consider him/herself Catholic when he/she is older.
Disabilities in a child could be caused from child abuse.
The parents would have a direct
influence on this child's life. Gender, Lanuage, Culture, and Disabilities Gender, Language, Culture, and Disabilities Similarities:
Both believed that the environment shapes individuals; Nature approach
Both influenced by the microsystem, direct influence on an individual by direct environments, family, school, teachers, etc.
Both did not particularly acknowledge children of different cultures, nor children with disabilities
Bandura believed that behavior also shapes the environment, while Bronfenbrenner focused only on how environment shapes individuals
Bandura focused solely on modeling as an influence of behavior, while Bronfenbrenner focused on the interactions of environments, as well as indirect influences, such as government and religion
Bronfenbrenner focused more on relationships, while Bandura was more focused on a child modeling another person Comparison of
Bronfenbrenner and Bandura Survey Time! The
System The Meso
System The Macro
System The Chrono
System The Micro System The relationship between the Microsystems. The Microsystems are related to each other in the sense that they affect one another. For example the relationship between school life, the neighborhood and the family or a peer group that distorts performance of a child in school or the relationship of an individual with his family. The Meso System The Exo
System The Exo System The Macro System The Chrono System The settings in which a person lives in. Includes: the family, peer group, neighborhood and school life, this system helps shape a person's development through direct contact. The individual has no active role in determining this environment but the environment has influence on the individual. For example, the government builds a school and the child can attend a brand new school or a parent is laid off work and now the child doesn't have a babysitter and can't get new toys. Ideology and culture in a society. Government, religion, beliefs. For example, democracy, capitalism and socialism, or Christianity and Islam. Develops as a result of a person's experience in his life. Environmental events and transitions in an individual’s life. The history of an individual and the events that happen to them in daily life. How would a child be affected by this? Born on December 4, 1925
Raised in a small Canadian town
The last of six children
Originally studied biological sciences at the University of British Columbia
Graduated with a degree in Psychology instead
Attended graduate school at the University of Iowa
Earned a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology
Teaches at Stanford University
Performed a study on adolescent aggression
Sparked interest in learning, modeling, and imitation "Children are more likely to do what we do than what we tell them to do." - Albert Bandura Bobo Doll Experiment Children will most likely imitate people who they perceive are similar to them
Children will most likely imitate the behavior from someone of the same sex
Parents, peers, and teachers may demonstrate behavior that is specifically feminine or masculine
Various cultures do not praise their children for acceptable behavior
What is good behavior for one culture is not good in another culture
Children with disabilities may not be able to completely imitate the observed/modeled behavior
Children create their own utterances and develop their own sayings
Many theorists now find that learning is more complex
Involves mental action from children Caregivers provide good examples for children to follow. Longitudinal study
Nine Middle School teachers were studied
Purpose: to examine the expectations and experiences as they switch from chalk boards to interactive whiteboards (IWBs)
Bronfenbrenner's Chronosystem (transitions)
Results: teachers report new demands and experiences due to technology that demonstrate a shift in the role of students
Students have a unique opportunity to showcase their skill with technology. Positive results from this transition
Shifts the role and behavioral expectations for teachers
This ecological transition allows students to gain independence in their academics, making them more motivated and interested in the content Integrating Interactive Whiteboard Technology in Classroom Instruction—An Ecological Transition Study by Shannon Gadbois 200 questionnaire copies
Given to undergraduate students
196 received back
Anglicize names to feel more accepted, for the ease of pronunciation by others, and to show creativity
Would capture the attention of other Facebook users
The different names generate likeness which causes more friends and positive comments
Makes the individual feel cool and westernized
Incentive for others to anglicize names Ngozi = Ngozzy
Dayo = Dayour
Modara = Mopretty
Ivan = John
Haralambos = Harry
Dimitrios = James
Temitope = Themmethorpe Works Cited Cherry, Kendra. “Albert Bandura Biography.” About.com Psychology. About.com, n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2012. <http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/bio_bandura.htm>.
- - -. “What Is Self-Efficacy?” About.com Psychology. About.com, n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2012. <http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/self_efficacy.htm>.
Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&client=safari&rls=en&q=urie+bronfenbrenner&bav=on.2%2Cor.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&biw=1024&bih=841&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=b3xzUJHjG8X7ygGc-4GIAg>.
McLeod, Saul. “Bandura - Social Learning Theory.” Simple Psychology. Simple Psychology, 2011. Web. 7 Oct. 2012. <http://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html>.
Robbin, Anjola Anu. “Mind Your Spellings: A Study of the Current Trend of Anglicization of Names on Facebook.” IFE PsychologIA 20.2 (2012): 1-11. Academic Search Complete. Web. 7 Oct. 2012. <http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy1.lib.depaul.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=2d2d29ed-7fc6-48ea-8640-b6cfbad652e2%40sessionmgr112&vid=7&hid=108>.
Trawick-Smith, Jeffrey. “Theories of Child Development.” Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural Perspective. Fifth ed. N.p.: Edwards Brothers, n.d. 34-63. Print.
“Urie Bronfenbrenner.” Wikipedia. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Wikipedia. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urie_Bronfenbrenner>.