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Pull and Push Factors of Chinese Migration from China to the U.S. in the Past and Present

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VIVIAN CHEN

on 17 September 2018

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Transcript of Pull and Push Factors of Chinese Migration from China to the U.S. in the Past and Present


U.S: First destination of Chinese emigrants.

Chinese: 3rd-largest group of American immigrants

The number is gradually rising.


1852
1849
GOLD RUSH
California legislature
1863
1978
1882
Chinese Exclusion Act
signed on May 6, 1882.
The U.S. Congress voted and passed the revolution to build
the Panama Railway
Reform &
Opening up
2. China paid ¥ 2100 million because of Treaty of Nanking

Push Factors
Polluted environment

Overly emphasizing on economic development
1848 California gold rush
The 19th century Invasion & Taiping rebellion
Life was hard for farmers
GOLD RUSH
TAIPING REBELLION
Migrated to America
Poor living condition
The weakness of Qing government
we students have intention of immigrating to the US
For further study
Chinese immigration to the US has played a significant role in mutual history and affect either country.
Push Factor
Famine
Ecological Disasters
Chaos
New Trend of Studying Abroad (1978)
Group 7
Why do we choose these topic?
Pull Factors
1. WEALTH
Three types of student migrants
Xenocentrics
Xenocentrics
Opportunists
Attracted by favorable job opportunities and

better living standards
Intellectuals
Opportunists
Intellectuals

Downturn of economy
The war between the United States and Mexico ended.
2. Security
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
ECOLOGICAL DISASTERS
destroyed land
3.Demand for Chinese labor
Economy developed
Shortage of labor force
Chaos
During 1841-1849, over 110 times peasant uprisings
Famine

45 million people
lost their lives.
Downturn of economy

depreciation of local currency economic crisis
Why demand for Chinese?
Trade of African slaves was no longer legal.
Cheap
Hardworking and productive
The revival of Shipping industry

The weakness of Qing government
human trafficking
Poor living conditions

1850s
depression
Adore the way of life in America
Cuisine
4. Propaganda
Pull
Capitalists and some Chinese agencies began to do crooked promotion.
Push
Lifestyle
Pull
Analysis
Similarities
Policy played an important role

Economic opportunity

Possibilities and choices
How it changed? (Difference)
Social environment

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

Demand changed

The degree of voluntary



Why it changed
Awareness of personal development

The diffusion of the idea to study abroad

The influence of globalization

the rise of Xenocentrism

The accumulation of wealth

Implications in our real life
1. Ways for Chinese government to

manage emigration
attract high quality foreign migrants

2. Future trend of Immigration from China to America


Future predictions
Push
homeless people
unemployment
1863 Railroad
Ideology
Pull
Push

In 1862, United States Congress voted and passed the revolution to build the Panama Railway,

The
pull
and
push
factors of
chinese migration
from
China
to the
U.S.
in the
past
and
present

Etc.
flood,earthquakes, droughts, plagues, gales
—Dislocated polity

Natural Environment
Career Development
Life Stability
Taiping Rebellion

Opium War

The Burlingame Treaty
Pull Factors
= the Burlingame-Seward Treaty of 1868
Formal friendly relations between the United States and China
People lived in an unsecured
life
Most favored nation status
A less polluted and greener environment
Ranked top 2
Reasonable
- Developed regulation
Four great famines occurred in 1810, 1811, 1846, and 1849
1849 guangxi famine: Jintian uprising
Pull Factors
Working Visa

Job availability and future development

Better working environment / Organizational culture

Higher occupational income
20% Time
More Freedom & Creativity
Diverse migrants


Younger-age trend


Push Factors
Difficult to start up own business

Low occupation income
1. European powers looted merchants and government
"Guanxi" is the most powerful strategy
Push Factors
Less political freedom
During the Opium War
Pull factors
More political freedom

Better social welfare
The Qing dynasty was busy in suppressing the Taiping Rebellion
- The biggest social security system in the world
Barracoon
coolies
Driven by the highest academic & scholastic standards.

Pull Factors
Greater opportunity to advance academically
Academic: High quality and more freedom

Proximity to research/innovation center

Scholarship & Lower requirements

More programs available


Ready to meet Harry Potter?
: D
Push Factors
Talents and resources are imbalanced
Far from research centers and new advances
- Smaller R & D spending

- Less advanced

- Limited freedom
College admission exam
- Intractable residency requirement

- Intensely competitive
Outline
Past
Present
The Burlingame Treaty
All of peasants' production were handed in—
land rent to landlord
taxes to government
suffer from heavy debt and cannot develop agriculture
Economic instability
Only way—leave
deeply influenced by confucianism
Bureaucracy, guanxi-based society
The Revival of American Shipping Industry
Hong Kong lacking of ships due to the gold rush
Life full of wealth and happiness
won't leave home to make a living
The exchange copy of the treaty
Problem: maintain living standards
meet basic survival
Chinese workers building the railroad
only way — leave home
REFERENCE
CONCLUSION
the US
Thank you!
Ann BB404012
Cherry BB404591
Florence AB417612
Susan SB422888
Vivian BB404733



majority: labors students
12 Times
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