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Transcript of Tobacco 101
Tobacco use kills more people than alcohol, AIDS, car accidents, illegal drugs, murders and suicides combined! 1 in 5 deaths in the US is due to a smoking related illness.
Tobacco use kills approximately 443,000 Americans per year (1200/day) Facts about tobacco Tobacco 101 Bad breath and yellow teeth
Heart beats faster
Dizzy and headaches
Clothes and hair smell
Coughing Short-term Effects of Tobacco Use Cancer
Loss of taste and smell
Loss of endurance
Addiction Long term effects Types
Tobacco •Dried tobacco rolled in white paper.
•Most cigarettes have a cellulose acetate filter, which can take 10-15 years to decompose
•Tobacco that has been treated with approximately 600 ingredients. Cigarette smoke contains about 7,000 chemical compounds. Of these, 250 are known to be harmful and 70 of chemicals are known to cause cancer. Cigarettes
25% of high-school seniors and 33% of young adults smoke cigarettes in the United States.
45.3 million people currently smoke cigarettes, 19.3% of all adults (aged 18 years and older)
More men than women smoke (21.5%) (17.3%)
88% of adult smokers began smoking before age 18
99% of adult smokers began smoking before age 26
Race and ethnicity, education level, income, and age all affect tobacco use.
Asian Pacific Islanders report the lowest tobacco use (12.5%)
American Indians or Alaska Natives report highest use of tobacco (35.8%)
18-25 year olds have the highest tobacco use
Tobacco use is higher among those of Lower SES Who is Smoking Cigarettes? Dried tobacco wrapped in brown paper that contains some tobacco leaf
Three types of cigars: little, large, and cigarillos.
Cigars can be sold either individually or can be sold in packs
Come in a variety of flavors
Smoking cigars is not safer that smoking cigarettes
Large cigars can take up to two hours to smoke and has as much tobacco in them as a pack of cigarettes In recent years, cigarette use has decreased while cigarillos and little cigars use have increased
Highest use is among young black males but there has been an increase in cigar use from non-Hispanic white males
3,400 youth under 18 each year try cigar smoking for the first time Cigars Who's smoking Cigars? A hookah is a waterpipe used to smoke tobacco, usually sweetened and flavored tobacco
The tobacco smoked in hookahs contains the same nicotine and many of the same carcinogens as the tobacco in cigarettes.
In a typical one hour session, hookah users (including those just sitting in hookah bars) inhale the equivalent of 100-200 cigarettes being smoked
Hookah users also breathe in toxic chemicals from the coal in the hookah (such as carbon monoxide and metals)
Shared mouthpiece can spread germs and diseases like herpes and hepatitis.
Contrary to popular belief, hookah use can get a person addicted to tobacco since all tobacco products contain the drug nicotine. Hookah most common among:
18 to 24 years olds
cigarette smokers Who's smoking
hookah? Chewing tobacco- comes in three forms
•Loose leaf-shreaded tobacco leaves made into strips
•Plug-small blocks of pressed tobacco flavored with licorice and sugar
•Twists-hard spiral of twisted tobacco
Snuff- finely cut or ground tobacco that can be dry or moist. Can be inhaled through nose but most snuff is places between the cheek and gum. Can come in a plastic can or in small teabag-like pouches (SNUS).
Gum disease and tooth decay
Contains 28 cancer-causing agents- can cause cancer of the lip, floor of mouth, cheeks, gums, throat, voice box, esophagus, and pancreas.
Also causes bad breath, stains on teeth, and mouth sores Smokeless
Tobacco Harms More men (6.8%) then female (0.4%)
In the US, use is highest among young white males, American Indians, Alaska Natives, and residents in Southern states Who's using it?? (*1 cigarette has about 1 mg of absorbed nicotine)
•Camel Orbs- small pellets that resemble tic tacs candy. Each orb contains 1 mg of nicotine. 2 Flavors: fresh and mellow.
•Camel Sticks- similar to toothpicks and sold in packs of 10, each stick has 3.1 mg of nicotine per stick and each stick takes 20-30 min. to dissolve. Flavor: mellow.
•Camel Strips- similar to dissolvable breath strips, takes 2-3 minutes to dissolve and each strip has 0.6 mg of nicotine. Flavor: fresh
•Marlboro and Skoal Sticks- toothpicks dipped in finely ground tobacco. Flavors: rich, original, mint, and smooth mint. Dissolvable Tobacco Need Help? A
R sk dvise efer Are you a tobacco user? The ASHLine can help! Educate them on a reason to quit-personal is more meaningful. Secondhand
Smoke Mixture of smoke given off by burning end of cigarettes, pipes or cigars and the smoke exhaled from smokers.
Involuntarily inhaled by nonsmokers
It can linger in the air hours after the cigarette has been extinguished
Secondhand smoke has been labeled as a Class A carcinogen by the EPA
Kills 53,000 Americans/year
If a child has a parent who smokes, that child will have inhaled the equivalent of 102 packs of cigarettes by age 5 Asthma
Middle ear disease
Coughing, Excessive Phlegm and Chest Discomfort
Irritation of eyes, nose, throat
Irritation to the lungs
Cardiovascular disease Harms
Quitting smoking is tough! On average it takes 7 attempts to quit.
A quit coach is designated to every caller to focus on individual needs. The ASHLine is completely free.
Less than 3 minutes of tobacco cessation counseling by a healthcare professional increased quit rates by 30%
Medication Assistance Programs Why call the ASHLine? Tobacco is a major economic burden on society. Each year:
$96 billion is spent on health care related to tobacco use
$4.98 billion spent health care related to secondhand smoke tobaccofreekids.org Tobacco users typically die 13-14 years earlier than nonsmokers.
It’s estimated that 25 million Americans who are alive today will die prematurely from smoking-related illnesses, 5 million of these people being under the age of 18. (Based on current cigarette smoking patterns)
Nicotine in tobacco affects the brain and is a highly addictive substance.
For every person who dies from a tobacco related disease, 20 more people suffer with at least one serious illness from smoking. cdc.gov/tobacco ASHLine is an evidenced-based treatment program
ASHLine.org is available 24 hours a day
The ASHLine can be called 24 hours a day and leave a message or receive recorded quit tips legacyforhealth.org legacyforhealth.org legacyforhealth.org legacyforhealth.org legacyforhealth.org legacyforhealth.org legacyforhealth.org legacyforhealth.org legacyforhealth.org Hours of Operation:
Saturday-10am-4pm (enrollment services only)
Services available in English and Spanish. Pregnancy and Tobacco Use
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
602-301-0297 Questions? Cancer
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease:
Loss of Endurance
Long Term Effects
•Feelings of frustration, impatience, and anger
•Sleep disturbances (trouble falling asleep and staying asleep, nightmares)
•Restlessness or boredom
•Constipation and gas
•Cough, dry mouth, sore throat, and nasal drip
•Slower heart rate Withdrawal symptoms: Additional Resources smokefree.gov women.smokefree.gov teen.smokefree.gov
Call It Quits App Text the word QUIT to IQUIT (47848) cancer.org