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Feudalism: Japan and Europe
Transcript of Feudalism: Japan and Europe
The Emperor and the Shogun were the highest ranking nobles. During the feudal period the Shogun held the most power while the Emperor was more of a "puppet" figure with little power.
Role of Women
Role of Religion
System of Vassalage
What type of Government existed before Feudalism?
Why and how did Feudalism develop?
What brought about the end of Feudalism?
Both had many peasants working for them, had strong military leaders, and relied on professionally trained soldiers for protection.
The economy mostly revolved around agriculture.
Women who belonged to the aristocracy were allowed to take part in politics and inherit part of the family's estate. They could also become Samurai, but this wasn't allowed if they were aristocrats. Female samurais had to take orders from male samurais of equal rank or up, but could give orders to males in the lower social class.
Samurai had a strict code of honor or the "way of the war," known as Bushido: they were generous, fearless in battle, and above all, loyal to their daimyo. If the samurai were to break Bushido they would commit Seppuku, or ritual suicide.
Japanese life was shaped by Shinto, an indigenous religious tradition based on nature worship.
The role of women was limited; Medieval women often had no say in whom the married and were expected to stay at home doing chores that they were trained (sewing, spinning, weaving, farming, etc.).
Poetry thrived in both Medieval Europe and Medieval Japan.
Haiku's were short poems that followed a common pattern (three lines with five, seven, and five syllables per line).
Epic poems were long poems usually about warriors or heroes with superhuman qualities and often included legends and myths. Other famous literature such as lyric poetry, which resembled songs, praised women and the ideal of love.
Both knights and samurai were expected to be deeply religious.
Knights were Christians.
Samurai practiced ancient Shintoism as well as Zen (a form of Buddhism).
Both developed as a result of a weak central government and because of this, individual landowners were able to gain power.
Knights were expected to follow a code of behavior known as chivalry. Knights were kind to the weak, loyal to their lord, and courageous in battle.
In The Middle
Critical aspect of medieval life, some churches had instruments such as organs and bells and drama became famous; dramas were performed with costumes and musical instruments and most stories were about the birth and death of Christ.
As trade and commerce increased, feudal life declined (tradesmen became wealthier and resented having to give their profits to their lords). An arrangement was made for the townspeople to pay a fixed annual sum to gain independence for their town as a "borough" with the power to govern itself.
The ruler in Europe was the King. (Charlemagne)
Martial arts was an aspect of Japanese life.
The Roman Empire fell which allowed them to start feudalism.
The World War started, causing Japan to have to enter the World market.
The Roman Empire existed before Feudal Europe.
Japan had a small population with no government (mostly farmers).
European men were taught the code of chivalry or owned large plantations and women really had no education.
Japanese men learned to be samurai or they were landowners.
By: Karson Moeller and Macy Stuart