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Compare and Contrast Essay

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by

Josh Dronen

on 3 March 2016

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Transcript of Compare and Contrast Essay

Why Should Writers/Readers Compare and Contrast?
When you reflect on similarities and differences, you gain a deeper understanding of the items you are comparing, their relationship to each other, and what is most important about them
Organizing the Information: Balance
Make sure all information in the paper is equally distributed between both subjects, comparisons and contrasts.

Avoid spending too much time on one subject over the other.

Avoid discussing similarities in great detail and mentioning differences in smaller sections.
Transitions
Transition words and phrases are vital devices for essays, papers or other literary compositions.

They improve the connections and changes between sentences and paragraphs.

They thus give the text a logical organization and structure

Extremely important for Compare and Contrast to let the reader know what is being discussed.
What Is a Compare/Contrast Essay?
An Essay in which the focus is on the ways in which certain things or ideas—usually two of them—are similar to (this is the comparison) and/or different from (this is the contrast) one another.
Thesis Statement
A thesis statement is a single sentence in an essay that identifies the central claim and/or main purpose of the text.
Organizing the Paper
Compare
Contrast
AP Essay
2003 AP Language and Composition

The two passages below, one by John James Audubon and the other by Annie Dillard, describe large flocks of birds in flight. Read the passages carefully. Then write an essay in which you compare and contrast how each writer describes the birds and conveys their effect on the writer as observer.
Compare and Contrast Essay
The End!
1993 AP Language and Composition.

The passages below are from two different novels. In each passage, a man is proposing marriage. Compare the Rhetorical strategies, such as arguents, asssumptions, attitudes, diction-used by the speakers in the two passages and comment on both the intended and probably effects of the proposals on the women being addressed.
Your thesis must specifically address what will be compared and what contrasts will be discussed
Avoid vague thesis statements
There are many similarities and differences between "Lord of the Flies" and "War of the Worlds."
This paper will look at the major differences and similarities between "Lord of the Flies" and "War of the Worlds."
Shakespeare's plays "Romeo and Juliet" and "A Midsummer Night's Dream" both convey the extreme power love has over individuals, however one utilizes tradgedy while the other is a classic comedy.
You must decide the organizational structure of your paper.
1. Whole-to-Whole
The writer devotes the first section entirely to the first topic or reading. In this section the writer will critically analyze everything the reader needs to know regarding the first topic.

The writer then moves on to discussing the second topic or reading. The writer devotes this section to discussing the second topic.
2. Similarities-to-differences
The writer devotes the first section entirely to the comparing the two topics or readings. In this section the writer will critically analyze everything the reader needs to know regarding the similarities.

The writer then moves on to discussing the contrasts between the two topics or readings. The writer devotes this section to discussing the differences.

3. Point-by-Point
The writer devotes the first section entirely to one point. In this section the writer will critically analyze one point including how each text represents this point, similarities and differences.

The writer than moves on to another point. In this section the writer than analyzes all supporting details for the second point.


Example - Movie/Text Comparisons

Point #1 - Characters
Point #2 - Plot
Point #3 - Setting
Full transcript