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Transcript of Mummification
Coffins were richly decorated with gods of the underworld, art, hieroglyphics, and spells.
7th: Remember how the heart was left inside the mummy? That is because the heart was believed to hold the intelligence and soul of the person.
They believed that when the soul of the dead made it to the afterlife that Osiris would weigh the persons heart against the Feather of Truth. If the heart was lighter then the feather - meaning you were a good person in your life, then your soul would be reborn in the afterlife. If the person's heart was heavier than the Feather of Truth that meant the person was a bad person in their life and their heart would be eaten by a monster and the soul would be lost in the underworld.
6th: The mummy was then fitted with a funeral mask and the body was placed in the decorated coffin made of wood or stone they were either rectangular or shaped to the body of the mummy. Then they were placed in the tomb.
Mummification is not just preserved for humans. Cats, dogs, and crocodiles often get the same treatment complete with animal shaped coffins and painted faces depending on wealth.
4th: When preparing a mummy the lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines are removed from the body, dried, and wrapped in linen. They are stored separately in canopic jars, which are placed in the tomb. The heart was cleaned and wrapped and returned to the body.
Egyptians believed that when a person died their spirit or ka, would go on to the Afterlife. They believed that by mummifying a person's body it would make it easier for the ka to find the correct body in the afterlife. They believed that if the ka couldn't recognize the body, it would not have a home and would be lost forever. Therefore, they took preserving their dead very seriously.
The process could take up to 100 days!
1st:They took a hooked instrument and removed the brain through the nostrils piece by piece then threw it away.
2nd: They took a sharp stone and cut open the left side of the abdomen through the incision they removed most of the internal organs. Including:Intentions, stomach, liver, and lungs. But not the heart.
5th: They filled the empty abdomen and other body cavities with linen, pads, oils, spices, and resins. This would give the body some shape and also make it smell good.
Can you imagine how bad it would smell in the room with a body that had been dead for days?
3rd: Once the organs were removed they would cover the body in a natron salt, to dry it and stop decay. They would let the body sit for 40 days.
5th step continued: The embalmer wrapped the body in many layers of linen bandages. They wrapped the head, fingers, toes, arms and legs first, followed the the torso. They used resin to help make the bandages stick and used up to 20 layers of linen. The resin also helped keep the body water proof. It took 15 days to wrap the body.
Let Me take you to the past, where instead of being buried in the ground you were wrapped in linen and put into a coffin. Then the coffin was then stored in a pyramid or a tomb, if you were king. Follow me and I will take you on a journey through the mummification process.
It usually takes 70 days to fully mummify and put the mummy in the tomb. It may also take 100 days depending on how wealthy you are, because the more money you had, the more your family could pay to make sure that they did everything right and did not rush.
The mummy inside the coffin was then placed in the tomb along with many objects of daily use. Chariots, food, clothing, gold, weapons, and even pets have been found inside the tomb. The Egyptians believed the dead would need this equipment in the next world.
King Tut's Tomb
As the layers of linen are wrapped around the body amulets are bound in for good luck. They help make the journey to the next world as smooth as possible.
It's not a prezi without a youtube song :)
This is how many of us were introduced to mummies when we were younger.
Now you are going to use your notes and you are going to create a flip box of the mummification process. The top flap will include a picture and under you will describe the seven steps used to mummify a person.
Now practice making a mummy on these interactive websites: