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gavin shearer

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Reconstruction

By: Alyssa, Amador, Aaron, & Gavin Reconstruction The period of time during which the US began rebuild after the Civil War, lasted from 1865 to 1877. There were many different idea on how the Reconstruction shuld be attacked. Andrew Jackson, Abrahan Lincoln and Congress all had their owns ways on handeling it. Reconstruction He favored a lienient Reconstruction policy. In 1863 Lincoln announced the Ten- Percent plan government would pardon all confederates- except high ranking officials and those accused of crimes against prisoners of war who would swear allegiance to the union. In 1860 as soon as ten percent took hid oath a confederate state could form a new state government and send reps and senators to Congress. Lincolns plan angered Radical Republicans - wanted to destroy the political power of former slave holders. Lincolns Plan Andrew Jackson was Lincolns successor. His plan differed because he tried to break the planters power by excluding high- ranking confederates and wealthy Southern landowners from taking the oath needed by voting privileges. Seven remaining ex confederates agreed to his plan. In 1866 the Civil Rights Act was passed. Lincolns Successor After the election of Ulysses S. Grant, the radicals introduced the fifteenth amendment.
States that no one can be kept from voting because of race,color, or previous condition of servitude.
It was ratified by the states in 1870 and ended up being an important victory for the radicals. Fifteenth Amendment The civil rights act of 1866 granted citizenship to all persons that are born in the United States except Native Americans.
This act guarenteed the rights of African Americans to own property and they were to be treated equal in court.
Fearing that the civil rights act might later be overturned in court, the radicals introduced the fourteenth amendment.
It granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the US and they can't be deprived of life. liberty, and property.
It also states that no state can deny any person equal protection of the laws. Fourteenth Amendment The Civil War destroyed Southern Economy. Farms and plantations were burned and ruined, causing property value to plummet. Hundreds of thousands of casualties also effected Southern society. in the 1870's state governments began repairing physical damage and providing Social Services. Rebuilding Society Three groups emerged from the Republican party, all of which had different goals. These three groups were the Scalawags, the Carpetbaggers, and African Americans. The scalawags were white farmers who wanted to improve their economic power and position. The carpetbaggers were poor Northerners who moved to the south after the war. Social Groups The klans goals were to destroy the Republican party and throw out the reconstruction government to aid the planter class and prevent african americans from using their political rights. The klan and other groups killed 20,000 men, women and children. In response congress passed acts that provided supervison of elections in southern states. Ku klux klan The breakdown of republican unity made it even harder to impose the radicals reconstruction plan. In 1873 a series of bank failures led to a five year depression also the supreme court began to undo social and political rights. African americans were denied civil and political rights and soon plans for reconstruction faded. Reconstruction Fades During the national election of 1876 southern democrats began to regain control of the region. Rutherford B. Hayes was elected and construction came to an end in the south. Democrats redeem the south African Americans gain their right to vote due to the passing of the fifteenth amendment. They founded their own churches which became the center of the black community. The churches, aided by $6 million from Freedman's bureau, created schools to educate the 95% illiterate former slaves. African Americans were then allowed to hold office in local and state government. The first black senator was Hiram Revels. African Americans gain equality
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