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Chapter 14 and Appendix A

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Vikki Lee

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 14 and Appendix A

What is globalization and what role do networks play in globalization? 1.) Museums in the US today are being forced to change their views on American art. New art forms are emerging from other parts of the world. "High art" which was originally from America and Europe, is now coming from other parts of the world. Current Event -Globalization
-Trade is the backbone of globalization
-No thought is given to the boundaries of states, as globalization is created by people rather than governments.
-Washington Consensus
-Pro Argument vs. Con Argument How have identities changed in a globalized world? Appendix A -The fundamental properties of maps are scale, projection, and symbols. 1. What is globalization, and what role do networks play in globalization?
2. At what scales do networks operate in the globalized world?
3. How have identities changed in a globalized world? Time Space Compression The access or lack of access to information technology creates time space compression. Global cities are more connected, with higher connectivity to the major cities of the world. Global Cities Cities that are connected to each other: Global hubs of trade. Most are connected to NYC

Ex: Miami is more connected to Latin America than Los Angeles Networks Ideally horizontally structured w/ ideas and power flowing between all nodes.
-Different types of networks exist, including: financial, transportation, communication, kinship, corporation, nongovernmental, trade, governmental, media, education and more.
-Changes a lot over last 20 years due to the changes in technology At what scales do networks operate in the globalized world Networks in development
-Non Governmental Organizations work to develop better developments in countries.
-Use participatory development to include voices of the poorer citizens more directly affected by development.

Local Currencies:
-Stimulate local development usually in a time of economic crisis
- creates less stimulation with rest of the world.
-LETS: Trading locally, separates from a more formal global economy. Ex: Vancouver Island, Canada Networks in Media Global diffusion of products and popular cultures are reliant on the media networks
-Major networks include: Disney, Time-Warner, Bertelsmann, and Viacom.
-Vertically structured
-Includes products, stores, advertizing, popular culture, and entertainment places like Disney Land
--Gatekeepers: people or corporations that control access to to information. Example: blogs expand the number of gatekeepers by telling all stories rather than picking and choosing as newspapers are able to. Networks of Retail Corporations Small retails owned by parent company.
-Ex: Gap, Old Navy, Banana Republic
-Global Retailers are spaced out (stores everywhere), while global production is more concentrated, especially in production cites. -Higher personal connectedness. People around the world share experiences like death or sorrow. Ex: Princess Diana's death
-Spontaneous shrines lead to the first stage in the commemoration of a disaster. Map Scale -Expressed as a fraction. Large=Small (Large Scale is the projection of a small area on a map, vice versa)
-Scale: How much real world is shrunk to the projection
-Ratio between the distance on map and the distance in the real world. Symbols on Maps -Help maps further represent the world, help the reader understand
-Can use lines, dots, shapes etc.
-Contain lines or symbols that do not exist in the real world. Ex: Contour lines or Isolines Map Projections -Projections
-Mercator projection in 1569 invented by Gerardus Mercator
-Direction is true everywhere on the map, but exaggerates size and shape of landmasses
-Cylindrical projection:
-Figure A.4: pg A-5
-Robinson Projection:
-Figure A.6 on pg. A-6.
-Planar Projection:
-Figure A.8 on pg. A-7. 2.) Military technology is globalizing, making the US lose its domination.
-DARPA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
-DARPA wants to sustain superiority over the US
-layered, adaptable, multifunctional concepts to stay ahead of the fast rate of globalizing technology
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