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Transcript of GMO
By Sophie Svarthumle
Genetically Modified Organism
GMO is used to change food by tweaking it's genetics to make it different. They don't only use it on food, they use it on animals too. For example, they made a fish that glows in the dark for a fun pet.
It is defined as: any living organism that possesses a novel combination of genetic material obtained through the use of modern biotechnology.
Why do we have GMO?
What is GMO?
GMO is used to change things. Like for example, the glow in the dark fish, they also made a banana that has more vitamins ,so the it helps the kids in Africa because they need those vitamins and it makes some of them blind.
What do they get from GMO?
farmers get lots more production because when bugs try to eat they're crops they're stomachs explode!
HISTORY OF GMO
Humans have been using natural selection since 12,000 B.C. This is the process of selective breeding in which organisms lacking the trait are not bred. This is the oldest form of genetic modification done by humans. Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of genes using biotechnology, which was first done in 1973.
We use selective breeding to create breeds of domesticated animals with personality and physical traits we desire.
Examples of this are: teacup sized dogs or domesticated foxes.
Genetic engineering involves intentionally introducing genes from a different species. As time has gone on, scientists have been able to manipulate, remove and add genes to different organisms to produce different traits. Technology has commercialized genetically modified food and medicine.
Here are examples of some the uses of GMO
-was the first organism to modified. Example: most useful for medicine.
-transgenic plants (GMO plants) used to create new colors in plants and different crops. Example: a company called, Suntory, created a blue rose by using genes from a blue pansy. They are now sold worldwide.
- have traits such as resistance to pests, herbicides, increased production of goods. Example: Bugs' stomachs explode when eating GMO corn.
-Used to research on human diseases, to enrich or enhance human and mammals interactions and to increase food production. Example: Faster growing salmon.
What is the controversy?
There are people out there who believe that GMO's are
but there are also people out there that think it is
It has mostly to do with the regard to their use in foods, how GMO companies fight to label products, feeding the world population and questionable authorities.
Healthy or not, we need to look at the pros and cons by the effect on crops, nature's environment and our health.
Pros and Cons of GMO's
Improved food quality is good, it can make foods be able to stay on the shelf longer
Makes crops resistant to disease and pests
Improved resistance to weather
Crops can be engineered to have a higher vitamin content Ex: bananas with more Vit A
Studies show higher incidence of allergies to GMO products
Because some GMO's are modified using bacteria and viruses, we could potentially see an emergence of new diseases
Other organisms in our ecosystem could be harmed .
What can we do about GMO's?
Participate in the Non-gmo project: http://www.nongmoproject.org/
Support Non-gmo products by buying those products that are labeled
Do you ever wonder whats in your food? just look in the ingredients, you would find that they don't label GMO so you can't really choose to eat it or not. How you can stay away from GMO is to eat organic foods and not as much corn ,some food you will find will say no GMO,consumers fight for the right to have monsanto and other companies label their products
want to learn more? watch GMO-OMG on netflix, tell your parent make the world a healthier place !
thank you for watching!
what is gmo?
what is the history?
why do we have GMO?
what are the uses?
what is the controversy?
what are the pro's and cons?
what is the consumers freedom?
what can we do ?
My essential question
How do GMO crops effect our environment?
There is no simple answer to this question.
This is a very highly debated subject.
The World Heath Organization says that GMO's are organisms whose DNA has been altered in a non-natural way.
Genetically modified plants are usually changed to be insect resistant, virus resistant, or herbicide tolerant. With these changes come some bad environmental challenges.
For one, toxicity is a big problem because chemical pesticides and herbicides are used commonly with GMOs. GMOs may be toxic to bees and butterflies being the most common examples. Bees are very important in the pollination of many food crops, but are extremely endangered by agricultural techniques, such as GM crops. Monarch butterflies are specifically at risk from GMO corn plants. In addition to bees and butterflies, birds are also at risk from pesticides. but that is only the start .