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Obesity

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Eddie Lynch

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Obesity

Acknowledgments
Abstract
Ife
Monday, February 17, 2014
Edward Lynch
Background
Obesity in America
I would like to thank all of staff of Northwood Academy for allowing me to spend my internship there. I would also like to thank the senior staff of Imhotep Charter School for all their time and assistance.
This qualitative study has determined how the mis-education of nutrition and health relate's to obesity in the African American community? In addition, this study will seek to understand what are the factors that contribute to shifts from healthiness to obesity, and what part fast food plays in the problem?"At 35.7%, blacks continue to be the demographic group most likely to be obese"(Sharpe,2013). A sample group consisting of 38 responses from 3rd and 7th graders were used to determine the results and answer the problem statement.
Still Struggling in 2014
Sub-groups (Children & Women) did not change over the decade.
Obesity rates for older women (over 60), which rose from 31.5% to 38% Walton (2014).
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, African American’s have the highest rates of being overweight or obese compared to other groups in the U.S. About four out of five African American’s are overweight or obese. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, seventy-three percent of adults and 43 percent of all children in the United States are overweight or obese.
Literature Review
Boney, Verma, Tucker, & Vohr (2005).
Metabolic syndrome in childhood: association with birth weight, maternal obesity, and gestational diabetes mellitus.
Klein, Allison, Heymsfield, Kelley, Leibel, Nonas, & Kahn (2007) Examined obesity and its important risk factor for the cause of cardiometabolic diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and coronary heart disease (CHD).
Parsons, Power, Logan & Summerbell (2004).
Childhood predictors of adult obesity: A systematic review.
International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity.
Literature Review Cont.
Golan & Crow(2004).
Targeting Parents Exclusively in the Treatment of Childhood Obesity:
Long Term Results.
Must, & Strauss (2008).
Risks and consequences of childhood and adolescent obesity.
International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 23, S2-11.
Theoretical Foundations
According to Hosman (2006) claims childhood obesity leads to basically a lack of self confidence for others. From the early ages of preschool children that follows them throughout their adulthood
.

Obesity in Children and Discrimination Theory
Shaping Behavior and Attitude in Childhood Obesity Theory
Masain (2005) theorized that there are three ways to cut down on childhood obesity. One cut down on television time, two encouraging physical activity daily, three encourage to eat healthier, And four Increase the drinking of water.
Childhood Obesity Problems; Comparison of Children of the 50s and 60s and Children Now theory

According to Hannah (2010) childhood obesity is caused from the lack of attention. The breakdown of the nuclear family in the 50's and 60's is a major contributor to the lack of exercise and poor eating habits.
Children’s eating attitudes and behaviour: A study of the modeling and control of parental influence theory

Theoretical Foundations Cont.

Brown (2012) parental influences a child's diet and have an impact on their choice of foods and also their attitudes and behavior.

Problem Statement

It is not know if and to what extent that the lack of nutrition and physical activity causes obesity?
Research Design

The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the connection between nutrition and obesity. For students at Northwood Academy. At this stage in the research the connection between a lack of knowledge of good nutrition will be generally be defined as a main reason for obesity. Also a big concern for health among the african american community.
Data Collection Procedure

Data was collected using a qualitative method. By surveying two different age groups, the researcher was able to compare the two to see what group is more aware of the healthier choice.

Data Analysis

To provide an answer to my question a qualitative survey was used to determine if children have a knowledge of good nutrition?
References
Boney, C. M., Verma, A., Tucker, R., & Vohr, B. R. (2005). Metabolic syndrome in childhood: association with birth weight, maternal obesity, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Pediatrics, 115(3), e290-e296

Klein, S., Allison, D. B., Heymsfield, S. B., Kelley, D. E., Leibel, R. L., Nonas, C., & Kahn, R. (2007). Waist circumference and cardiometabolic risk: a consensus statement from shaping America's health: Association for Weight Management and Obesity Prevention; NAASO, the Obesity Society; the American Society for Nutrition; and the American Diabetes Association. Obesity, 15(5), 1061-1067.

Parsons, T. J., Power, C., Logan, S., & Summerbell, C. D. (1999). Childhood predictors of adult obesity: a systematic revi
ew. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 23, S1-107.

Golan, M., & Crow, S. (2004). Targeting Parents Exclusively in the Treatment of Childhood Obesity: Long‐Term Results. Obesity research, 12(2), 357-361.

Must, A., & Strauss, R. S. (1999). Risks and consequences of childhood and adolescent obesity. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 23, S2-11.

Kain, J., Vio, F., & Albala, C. (2003). Obesity trends and determinant factors in Latin America. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 19, S77-S86.

Sharpe( 2013). U.S. Obesity Rate Climbing in 2013. Retrived from http://www.gallup.com/poll/165671/obesity-rate-climbing-2013.aspx



Northwood Academy Charter School

Northwood academy is located at 4621 Castor Ave. Opened on September 19 2005. This is a fairly new charter school opened to the public. The mission of Northwood Academy Charter School is to educate child by providing the academic, social, and emotional foundations and successes necessary to become contributing community members who possess the skills, desire and confidence to lead meaningful lives.

Research Questions
Qualitative Study

R1 How the lack of good nutrition relate to obesity?

R1 The causes of obesity in the urban community?

Research Methodology
A qualitative analysis has been used to examine how the mis-education of nutrition and how it relates to obesity. Comparative surveys, observations has been used to compare the knowledge of nutrition. Also how the amount of physical activity has its part to play in obesity.
According to the Diop Two Cradle theory us as a people were never meant to be obese. Around the times of our ancestors all the food we consumed was fresh , they could walk outside and eat as much fruit as needed. The difference between now and then is all we eat is processed and bleached foods. Instead of having a healthy So the connection between now and then is without all this processed food we as african americans we would not be this unhealthy.
African Infusion
Cdc (2013 ) Overweight and Obesity in 2013
A healthier life is a better life and it all starts with what we eat. If we as a people choose to change our eating habits , and endure in physical activity it would be hard but worth it. Think of all the possibilities that it brings, a longer life and also less health problems.

Recommendations For Change
Onitaset (2011) DIOP’S TWO CRADLE THEORY
Ethical Considerations
Surveys were kept anonymous
The study used willing participants
Information was returned back for analysis in a sealed envelope.
Approval for student surveys were requested by researcher and granted approval from host teacher.
The qualitative study method was to used in the surveys .
The survey questions were not biased
Two sample groups were used to ensure that research was reliable
Questions were grade appropriate

Reliability V.S. Validity
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