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The 7 Process Skills of Gifted Students

For Assignment 2.1 - definitions and examples of each of the process skills of gifted students. Used "Methods and Materials for Teaching the Gifted" by Karnes and Bean, and "Best Practices in Gifted Education" by Robinson, Shore, and Enersen

Olivia Morris

on 15 February 2013

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Transcript of The 7 Process Skills of Gifted Students

Definitions Analytical and Critical Thinking Problem Solving ;
Problem-based Learning by Olivia Morris 7 Process Skills of Gifted Students Analytical Thinking:
the goal of analytical thinking is for the students to gain a deep understanding by comparing/contrasting, sequencing/prioritizing, classifying, relationships, analogy, finding reasons or main ideas, and uncovering assumptions Higher Order Thinking Inquiry-based Investigation Independent Study Research Creative Thinking Critical Thinking:
The goal of critical thinking is assessing the reasonableness of judgements by determining the reliability of a source using evidence, inference, and deduction skills What should teachers do to improve student's thinking skills? The student's instruction should consist of thinking skills, intelligent behaviors, and meaningful contexts. Teachers can implement thinking processes in their regular course of study Teachers can add analytical and critical thinking in their teaching Teachers should also use ways of promoting thinking about the content that is being learned Teachers can use the "Understanding by Design program" which requires analytical and critical thinking through explanation, interpretation, application, perspective, empathy, and self-knowledge. Problem-Based Learning This type of learning gives the students a complex learning environment that pushes them to develop as a stakeholder and self-directed learner. The Ill-Structured Problem The ill-structured problem can help implement problem based learning.
This type of problem... has more information stated in the problem than is needed to solve has no single answer to solve the problem, and the students may never feel 100% correct changes when new information is presented Creativity Many people have different definitions of creativity. Some say it is the effect of the combination of the person, process, product, and environment. Others believe that innovation and inspiration are what is required for creativity. I agree more with the idea that it is the use of our hearts, minds, imaginations and mustering up enough courage to allow these things to create How to Encourage Creativity encourage exploration and analytical thinking Provide situations for lateral thinking, or thinking that requires the students to see things from a different view point Use methods of Creative Problem Solving (CPS) which include: fact finding, problem finding, idea finding, solution finding, and acceptance finding What is Research Research is an open-ended, inquiry-based way of learning It has also been called "a process of investigation phenomena, devising and working through a plan, and proposing a solution to the problem" (J. Piirto) Getting Gifted Students Involved in Research A way to get students into research is providing different kinds of research that may be interesting to them, such as... Historical research: studying issues in the past Descriptive Research: helps students understand a topic or issue Experimential Research: often in science, learn from experimentation What is Independent study? Independent studies are suppose to help students solve community problems, ask new questions, write history, and find a love for learning This is one of the most common tactics used in gifted curriculum Steps for Independent Studying Introduce independent study by showing students how to plan and manage their work Have students select a topic that is of interest to them Help the students map out and organize their topics of study Have students do preliminary research and ask questions for study Help the students find methods of study Gather information about their topic Develop a product such as a paper Present material to others Higher Order Thinking Higher order thinking skills involve reasoning skills, that are used in reading, problem solving, creating, and other types of thinking. A Gifted Student's thinking process... they use their advanced knowledge effectively they use metacognition more effectively They can quickly resolve problems, and often focus on the more complex ideas of a problem they evaluate and use assumptions They easily change strategies and points of view they enjoy creating complexities and challenges in their tasks How to Develop Higher-Order Thinking Skills Encourage the students to "think aloud" Be accepting of the child's ideas and engage in discussions of what they enjoy Teach by using thinking, inquiry, and reflection instead of memorization and recall Teach and motivate thinking skills explicitly encouragingly respond to thinking and respond effectively Use other sources such as rubrics to integrate higher level thinking What is Inquiry-Based Learning? Inquiry based learning lets the student play an important role in their learning. It lets them form questions out of their curiosity and it creates an authentic learning experience. Encouraging Inquiry-Based Learning The teacher should allow the students to have input on decisions There is still research to be done on Inquiry-based learning to see how it can be better implemented into the classroom, home, and schools. In teaching, the teacher should ask interesting critical-thinking questions and have the students weigh in their own values, judgements, assumptions, and present it in reports
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