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National Security

Washington Seminar: Round A
by

Jason Chan

on 27 April 2013

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Transcript of National Security

UNITED STATES National Security: Domestic National Security: Foreign Background/History of our
Foreign National Security North Korea NATIONAL SECURITY Background of Domestic National Security Today's Main Contentions in Domestic National Security Goals for U.S. National Security DEFINITION: National security is the requirement to maintain the survival of the state through the use of economic power, diplomacy, power projection and political power. The concept developed mostly in the United States of America after World War II. #Harry Truman’s National Security Act of 1947 ASPECTS OF NATIONAL SECURITY: Security of energy and natural resources, Environmental security, Political security, Economic security, Military security. OATH OF ENLISTMENT: "I, _____, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and that I will obey the orders of the President of the United States and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to regulations and the Uniform Code of Military Justice. So help me God." By: Jason Chan, Nava Kidon, Oliver Yu, Jiawen Liu -Censorship
-Mobs
-Organized crime
-Drugs
-Hurricanes
-Energy
-Immigration
-Social programs
-Corporation cooperation
-Etc. ETC. Basic U.S. and world history -"Imperialism"
-World War I
-World War II
-Communist scare
Vietnam
Cold War
-Middle East A Quick Timeline of Recent Events January 2013-North Korea threatened the US in response to the UN Security Council tightening sanctions
February 12, 2013-North Korea confirms it has conducted its 3rd nuclear test
February 28, 2013-Dennis Rodman becomes only American to meet Kim Jong-un!
March 7, 2013-UN orders new economic sanctions on North Korea
March 11, 2013-Korea nullifies 1953 war truce with South Korea, Thomas E. Donillon, Obama’s national security advisor, announces that the Treasury will impose sanctions on North Korean bank
March 15, 2013-U.S. announces plans to improve missile defense along Pacific Coast by 2017
March 27, 2013-North Korea shuts down final military hotlines with South Korea
April 3, 2013- North Korea blocks access to joint factory Kaesong,US accelerates THAAD program to Guam
April 4, 2013-North Korea advises embassies in Pyongyang to evacuate The Pacific The Future of National Security: U.S. and South Korean Annual Military Drills Escalate Tension This Year North Korea nullified the armistice with South Korea from March 11 when the US and South Korea began their annual military drills, claiming the US and South Korea were planning an invasion
The US flew two of its nuclear-capable B-2 bombers and a few of its F-22 stealth fighter jets for the military drills with South Korea this month, dropping dummy munitions on an island range. http://www.google.com/trends/explore#q=North%20Korea&cmpt=q US Defense Prepares to Shoot Down Missiles Things to note: -Who is searching?
-News events that trigger the searches
-Popularity of search in most categories Defense Dept announced earlier last week that in order to have a wider range of options if North Korea starts firing missiles, two of the Navy’s Aegis-equipped missile defense warships with radar and interceptor missiles were situated in the Pacific to watch North KoreaThe last time the US really prepared to shoot down North Korean missiles was summer 2006 The US is also considering sending high-altitude surveillance planes to monitor North Korea from Guam to Japan during Guam’s summer storm season. Key Players in U.S. Foreign National Security -President Obama
-President Xi Jinping
-U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew
-National Security Adviser Thomas Donilon
-Secretary of State John Kerry
-Secretary of Defense Charles T. Hagel Drones: Kim Jong-un Makes Threats http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/02/18/opinion/100000002068339/drones-for-america.html In the past few weeks North Korea has repeatedly threatened that if provoked, it will attack US forces in Guam, Hawaii, or even mainland America!Texas Governor Rick Perry: “The individuals in North Korea understand that Austin, Texas, is now a very important city in America, as do corporate CEOs and other people who are moving here in record numbers,”North Korean authorities warned diplomats in Pyongyang and tourists in South KoreaPeople are bracing for April 15th THAAD = + + Territorial assertion Lack of government transparency Symbolic military advances U.S. vs. China competition Cyber espionage A symbol: U.S. deploys Marines to Australia Terminal High Altitude Area Defense, originally scheduled for deployment to Guam 2015Purpose: deter North Korea from missile attacks or testsThe US announced on Wednesday 4/3 that they were speeding up deployment in next few weeks Announcement came a few hours after South Korean workers were denied entry to the joint factory in Kaesong
Pentagon called it a “precautionary move” to protect US naval and air forces from a North Korean missile attack and to deter a threat to Guam which is thought to be along the edge of North Korean missile capabilities Obama's State of the Union Address "We know hackers steal people’s identities and infiltrate private email. We know foreign countries and companies swipe our corporate secrets. Now our enemies are also seeking the ability to sabotage our power grid, our financial institutions and our air traffic control systems. We cannot look back years from now and wonder why we did nothing in the face of real threats to our security and our economy." "We know hackers steal people’s identities and infiltrate private email. We know foreign countries and companies swipe our corporate secrets. Now our enemies are also seeking the ability to sabotage our power grid, our financial institutions and our air traffic control systems. We cannot look back years from now and wonder why we did nothing in the face of real threats to our security and our economy." -Increases the coordination between federal agencies and private industry to prevent, identify and respond to cyberattacks.
-Instructs agencies to establish and test a framework to protect networks that support critical infrastructure. Executive Order: APT1: Advanced
Persistent Threat 1 -Byzantine Candor
-Operation Shady RAT
-Comment Crew
-Comment Group
-Shanghai Group PLA Unit 61398
located in Shanghai Mandient Report on APT 1 Different Viewpoints Obama: Would prefer to resolve tension diplomatically: "Now is the time for North Korea to end the belligerent approach they have taken and to try to lower temperatures," but pointed out that the United States will take all necessary steps to protect its people."

Chuck Hagel (Secretary of Defense): “They have a nuclear capacity now. They have a missile delivery capacity now. And so, as they have ratcheted up their bellicose, dangerous rhetoric, and some of the actions they have taken over the last few weeks present a real and clear danger.”

John Kerry (Secretary of State): insists that the US will never recognize North Korea as a nuclear state, because the US would be in a way encouraging North Korea, accepting its arsenal as permanent. An Escalation of Events Things to Notice: -The instant skyrocket in searches represent a major concern
-Who is searching?
-Where North Korea being searched?
-Explore the cool apps
Full transcript