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Copy of Title : Falling, impact, acceleration, lifting & vision hazards

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Le Soliven

on 16 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Title : Falling, impact, acceleration, lifting & vision hazards

Title :
Falling, impact, acceleration,
lifting & vision hazards

1)Nor Afieza Rostan Ci110039
2)Siti Hanem Bt Musman Ci110064
3)Siti Jauharah Bt Silah Hudian Ci110051
4)Intan Ros Safina Bt Safri Ci110050
5)Nur ' Aifaa Zainudin Ci110072
6)Dalila Rosli Ci110080
7)Noor Rasyidah Bt Ismail Ci110053
8)Nur Sara Atirah Bt Othman Ai11007
9)Sara Syahida Bt Mohamad Fauzi Ai110096
10) Athirah Bt Abdul Kudus Ai110063

- Falls are one of the greatest hazards on construction sites.
- A fall hazard is a workplace hazard that could cause worker’s loss of balance or physical support.
-Prime locations of elevated fall hazards are as follows:
a)building structures b)exterior construction c)roofs
Fall Hazard Assessment
Employers are required (by OSHA) to certify in writing that they have assessed the work place to determine if hazards fall that require personal protective equipment (PPE) are present or likely to be present, the employer shall:
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
1.Select, provide and require the use of appropriate PPE for each affected employee.
2.Communicate PPE selection decisions to each affected employee.
3.Select and provide PPE that properly fit seach affected employee.
4.Conduct and document appropriate employee training.
Fall Hazard Prevention
OSHA requires that fall protection be provided when working over dangerous equipment and machinery, regardless of the fall distance,employers must:
1)Guard every floor hole into which a worker can accidentally walk (using a railing and toe-board or a floor hole cover).
Acceleration Hazards
Acceleration is very important factors in the identification and analysis of appropriate fall protection plans and equipment. The amount of acceleration determines the amount of impact or force that will be placed on the employee

The use and effectiveness of personal protective equipment such as hard hats, safety boots and overheard protection of workers at lower levels also should play a role in acceleration analysis
Acceleration Hazards concerns prevention protection.
This is the impact of a natural or human made hazard that negatively affect society or environment.
Impact Hazard
identifies and defines the climate change-related hazards in the community, establishes current and predicted impacts, and provides recommendations to the community on alternatives to mitigate the impact.
Hazard Assessment
The importance of prevention in limiting the impact of natural disasters has guided the Government in its approach to disaster reduction.
Manual handling of loads is any of the following activities carried out by one or more workers: lifting, holding, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving of a load.
Risk assessment :
- Look out for hazards that could cause accidents, injuries or ill health.
Prevention measures:

4.Provide information on the risks and negative health effects of moving heavy load, and training in the use of equipment and correct handling techniques.
Vision hazards
Vision hazard is "chemicals which affect the eye or visual capacity." The primary toxic effects from direct exposure of chemicals to the eye are conjunctivitis or corneal damage.
Assessment :
Standard dress eyewear, requirements for industrial eye protection. Frames and lenses for industrial use must meet specific requirements, including impact testing
Prevention :
- Use of corrective lenses that are inappropriate for the user's position and distance from the screen.

OSHA’s requirements for fall protection include the following:

have a plan, establish requirements, provide equipment and procedures, ensure proper use and type of equipment, and provide training.
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