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Unit 09 올림포스 영어독해의 기본1

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Transcript of Unit 09 올림포스 영어독해의 기본1

Unit 09 문맥을 통한 글의 의미 유추하기
(reading between the lines)

Reading 1
Among the many discoveries NASA made when it began sending people into space was that the astronauts’ pens didn’t work well in zero gravity. The ink wouldn’t flow properly. To overcome the problem, NASA gathered several teams of mechanical and chemical engineers, and spent millions of dollars to develop what became known as the “space pen.” The pen was very effective. It worked in zero gravity, it worked on earth, and it even worked under water--a technological marvel. At that time the Soviets solved the problem as well, but much more cheaply and more effectively. They supplied their astronauts with pencils. The NASA scientists approached the problem based only on high technology. Despite the fact that many of the engineers working on the problem probably used pencils themselves, they failed to see that there was an inexpensive, low-tech solution readily available.
Reading 2
Q. 위 글이 시사 하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

① 때로는 개인의 창의성이 팀워크보다 중요할 수 있다.
② 효율적인 우주 개발을 위해 국제적인 협력이 필요하다.
③ 고정 관념을 탈피하면 문제 해결이 더욱 용이할 수 있다.
④ 과학자는 다른 분야의 과학 기술에 항상 관심을 가져야 한다.
⑤ 새로운 기술의 성패는 그것이 어떻게 활용되느냐에 달려 있다.
Imagine you are asleep, and you are in charge of your baby sleeping in the next room. Cars honk outside, a dog barks nearby, the guy next door comes home late and slams his car door, and the grandfather clock downstairs rings every half an hour. Yet none of that rouses you from sleep. But when that baby in the next room starts to cry, you’re up and out of that bed in a flash. Your unconscious brain heard all those other sounds perfectly, but only the sound of the baby managed to get through to your conscious awareness and wake you up. This human ability is the most intelligent and sophisticated alarm system in the universe.
Q. 위 글의 밑줄 친 This human ability가 의미하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

① 자신이 원하는 상황을 상상할 수 있는 능력
② 상황에 따라 다양한 소리를 만들어 내는 능력
③ 위험으로부터 스스로를 보호할 수 있는 능력
④ 자식을 위해 최적의 주변 환경을 구축하는 능력
⑤ 의식이 특정한 소리에만 선별해서 반응하는 능력
Theme Reading
1. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?
Although teenagers are, on average, spending more and more time on the Internet every year, there is no evidence that they have simultaneously cut back on the hours they spend with traditional media like TV, music, or print. By multitasking, they simply consume more media content in the same period of time. One study showed that nearly one-third of young people either talk on the phone, use instant messaging, watch TV, listen to music, or surf the Web while they’re doing homework--and the trend is growing. Multitasking tends to be bad for learning (though there are a few exceptions). According to psychologists, teens learn better if they pay full attention to what they want to remember. Recently, the adverse effect of multitasking on teens’ ability to learn new facts and concepts has been supported by many brain studies.
① effective ways to monitor teens’ Internet use
② essential roles of multitasking ability in learning
③ necessity to develop educational media content
④ differences between traditional and modern media
⑤ negative effects of media multitasking on learning
2. 오늘날 도서관의 특징에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
Today many libraries are being transformed. Some are devoting less and less room to books, and more and more to computers and printers. In the process, many libraries are becoming more like giant bookstores with every passing year. Digital technologies allow them to know more about what their patrons are reading, just as giant bookstores use them to track their customers’ preferences. The need to spend on digital works and services is reducing the amount of money available to spend on books. Libraries are teaming up with one another to acquire books for just-in-time delivery to patrons, rather than maintaining the old system of each library having its own copy of each book on the shelf. We are witnessing the Amazonification of libraries.
① 컴퓨터와 프린터를 위한 공간을 점점 확대하고 있다.
② 점차 대형 서점의 모습을 닮아가고 있다.
③ 전자 기술을 이용해 고객들의 독서 취향을 파악한다.
④ 책을 구비하는 데 점점 더 많은 예산을 사용하고 있다.
⑤ 고객이 원하는 책을 빨리 구하기 위해 도서관 간 협조가 이루어진다.

3. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?
Using technologies in the classroom has been encouraged for a long time. In every field, however, there are aspects of the curriculum that should be taught without screens or Net connections. In the field of law, for instance, the computer has no place in a classroom where a wonderful teacher is firing questions at a first-year student, quizzing him about a legal case. Many surveys indicate that students have a preference for a moderate use of technology in the classroom. The way that students learn to think critically, much of the time, is through old-fashioned dialogue. Through the dialogue, people exchange views and look in depth at a topic, questioning and exploring issues in a face-to-face manner. Our teaching, in such cases, should not necessarily be mediated by new technologies.
① 교사는 정보 통신 기술 활용 능력을 키워야 한다.
② 컴퓨터 교육은 저학년 때부터 실시하는 것이 효과적이다.
③ 교육 과정 개발은 기술 발달의 측면을 고려할 필요가 있다.
④ 학생들의 의견을 반영한 교육과정 개발이 이루어져야 한다.
⑤ 새로운 기술을 활용한 교육이 항상 바람직한 것만은 아니다.

부사구가 문두에 올 때
(주어-동사)도치가 발생하는 조건

1. 부사의 의미가
위치, 장소, 범위, 방향
등인 경우
2.
자동사
가 쓰이는 경우
※ 주어가 대명사가
아닌
경우

A tall man

lay

dead

behind the door
.


In the house

is

the man
. (O)
장소를 나타내는 전치사
주어
자동사

Behind the door

lay

a tall man
dead
.

The man

is

in the house
.
→ In the house is he. (X)
→ In the house
he
is. (O)
He

is

in the house
.
대명사
영어 어순의 3대 원리

1. general → specific

2. old → new

3. light → heavy

marvel
as well
readily
in charge of
honk
서술 형용사
1. 상태를 나타내는
"a-"로 시작하는 형용사
= 서술적으로만 사용
afraid, alike, alive, alone, amiss, ashamed, asleep, astray, awake, aware, ablaze etc.
3. 서술적으로만 사용하는 형용사의 경우
much의 수식
을 받는다.
You two are very alike. (X)
You two are much alike. (O)
2. 기타 서술적으로만 쓰이는 형용사들
drunk, content, worth, glad, unable, loath, proud, upset etc.
manage
to
cut back on
adverse
devote
patron
mediate
moderate
Among the many discoveries NASA made when it began sending people into space

was

that the astronauts’ pens didn’t work well in zero gravity.
< 도치구문 >
부사구
-
동사
-
주어
경이로운 결과(업적)
또한, 역시
손쉽게, 순조롭게
~을 맡아서, 담당해서
빵빵거리다
가까스로 ~하다
grandfather clock
대형괘종시계
~을 줄이다, 삭감하다
부정적인, 불리한, 반대의
헌신하다, 전념하다
후원자 / 고객
and
보통의, 중간의
중재[조정]하다
aspect
측면, 양상
Full transcript