Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Causes and Consequences
Transcript of Causes and Consequences
Dr .Meredith Gore
Department of Fisheries & Wildlife
School of Criminal Justice
Michigan State University
A common approach
Prioritize conservation activities to influence human behavior
World's hottest biodiversity hotspot
80% people live directly off land
TOO BIG TO FAIL?????
Conservation Crimes in Mada
Participatory Risk Mapping
Risk, conservation & human behavior
Conservation Criminology @ MSU
Natural Resource Policy & Mgt.
Risk & Decision Science
CJ & Criminology
Technical characterization of risks, risk perception, trade-offs
Crime control, how and why people become what they do
Natural systems & interactions, ecological effects
Interdisciplinary way of thinking about coupled human and natural systems
Suggestions for adapting to & mitigating global environmental issues
Description, explanation, and prediction of solutions to environmental problems
doesn't presuppose criminality or criminal justice responses
Information sharing/database creation
Move beyond limits of single disciplines
New tools, techniques, resources
buy in from diverse sectors
cross-sectional vs. longitudinal data
end of the line
Challenges & Opportunities
Community-based NR management in Namibian conservancies in Zambezi region
Explore expert and layperson perceptions of risk
Predictive element for managing HWC risks?
Addressing the negative effects of trends...
maintenance of environmental quality and resources, or a balance among the species (including people) of a particular area
Global trends from human behavior
population growth = increasing
economic growth = losing momentum
fish catch = leveling off
forest cover = shrinking
carbon emissions = continuing to climb
water scarcity = spreading
ice melt = everywhere
bicycle production = rising
solar cell sales = increasing
rule of law
rules in use
illegal wildlife: $10b
global financial integrity
WWF Fuller Symposium on Conservation Crime
900 rhinos poached in ZA (5000% increase)
US National Strategy on Wildlife Trafficking
UK Conference on Wildlife Crime
How do local people rank conservation risks rank?
n = 49
Analamazotra Special Reserve region
How should society respond to conservation risks?
"certain kinds of wood can't be used to make fire"
"if the poor guy has no job and has to support his family, I would close my eyes"
"the links between family or power position are able to step over the rules"
"fokonolona is the best community to enforce the rules"
"if someone breaks the rules they will be punished by their conscience"
Commission of crime
Omission of duty
* President of VOI engages in hunting and tavy in forest [R006]
* People trading in rosewood strangely have regular papers [R002]
* As long as money is involved, responsibles close their eyes [R006]
Gore, Kahler, Ratsimbazafy, Rajaonson, Lewis. Poaching risks in a biodiversity hotspot. In preparation, Conservation Letters.
Gibbs, Gore, McGarrell, Rivers. 2010. Introducing conservation criminology: toward interdisciplinary scholarship on environmental risks. British Journal of Criminology, 50: 124-144.
Situational Crime Prevention & Routine Activities (Namibia)
Marine Tenure (Ecuador)
Environmental Security (Mozambique)
Risk response & PRM (Madagascar)
(some) Issues to contend with
conservation requires compliance
Compliance with rules
How, when, where, who, why
use natural resources
detachment from social norm
People choose what they fear in relation to their way of life or culture:
opinions about social organization
4 prototypical cultures
hierarchic = accept, adapt
egalitarian = reject, oppose
fatalist = ignore, don't worry
individualist = embrace, opportunity
Gore, M. L., Ratsimbazafy, J., and M. L. Lute. (2013). Rethinking corruption in conservation crime: insights from Madagascar. Conservation Letters, DOI: 10.1111/conl.12032.
Kahler, J. S., Roloff, G., and M. L. Gore. (2013). Poaching risks in a community-based natural resource system. Conservation Biology, 27(1): 177-186.
Gore, M. L. and J. S. Kahler (2012). Gendered risk perceptions associated with human wildlife conflict: implications for participatory conservation. PlosONE 7(3): e32901.
Kahler, J. S. and M. L. Gore (2012). Beyond the cooking pot and pocket book: factors influencing noncompliance with wildlife poaching rules. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 35(2): 1-18.
to people, species, & ecosystems
How do defenders reduce risks from attackers on the environment?
Community-based wildlife management
Outside actors being displaced from Southern Africa