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Transcript of LGBT
& Transgender Rights Contents of This
Presentation: - definitions
- historical perspective
- various videos
- the situation today
- questionnaire Terms to Know: Homosexuality: sexual desire or behaviour directed to a member of the same sex (ex: gay or lesbian)
Bisexuality: sexual desire or behaviour directed to both males and females
Homophobia: unreasoning fear towards homosexuals
Transgender: a person who wants to be of the opposite sex than how they were born Historical Perspective on: Homosexuals - until the 1960's it was illegal to be homosexual in Canada
- it was considered to be a criminal offense
- in 1969 the Criminal Law Amendment Act decriminalized homosexuality, but the discrimination didn't stop
- homosexuals were not allowed to participate in the Armed Forces
- homosexuals could not immigrate
- same-sex couples were not allowed to adopt
- homosexuals had different pension benefits than heterosexuals
- the 1st 'gay parade' took place in Ottawa in 1971
- they wanted equal rights and statuses as heterosexuals - in 1977 Quebec became the first province to include sexual orientation in its human rights legislature
- in 1978 the federal government lifted the ban on homosexuals immigrating into Canada.
- in 1992 homosexuals were allowed to go to the military
- in 1999 the Supreme Court of Canada stated that gay and lesbian couples should be able to enjoy the same rights as heterosexual couples with regard to pensions, income tax and wills
- in 2004 spreading hate based on sexual orientation became a criminal offense
- in July of 2005, Canada became the 4th country in the world to legalize same-sex marriages nationwide More Facts: In 1997 Pierre Elliot Trudeau said, "There is no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation." Historical Perspective on:
Transgender Individuals - between the 1960s-1970s Carl Jung proposed the idea of the animus and the anima. Carl Jung believe that in every man there was a feminine part to his unconscious and vice versa
- in 1937 LGBT individuals were used by the Nazi party in medical experiments, and were forced to wear a pink triangle on their clothes
- Michael Dillon is the first female-to-male transgender individual in 1949
- in 1961 José Sarria was the first transgender-identified person to run for public office
- David Reimer (1965) Case #1 Canada (Attorney
General) v. Mossop In this case a man took a day off work to go to his partner’s (of 10 years) father’s funeral. The agreement of his employer was that that you got four full days of leave upon the death of an employee’s immediate family however his employer denied him this because he said that his partners was not family. Mossop took this to Canadian Human Rights who agreed with Mossop but the government appealed to the Federal Court who overturned this. Then Mossop appealed to the Supreme Court but they upheld the Federal Courts findings. Case #2: Delwin Vriend v. Alberta Federation of Women United for Families Delwin Vriend was a lab instructor at King's University College in Edmonton which is run by the conservative Christian Reformed Church. In 1991 he was fired for allegedly being gay. He then appealed to the Alberta Human Rights Commission but was denied a hearing because someone’s sexual orientation was not considered to be discriminatory in the Alberta Individual Rights Protection Act. He then sued the Alberta Human Rights Commission and the ruling was in his favor. However it went on to appeal court and in 1996 he lost. But Vriend went on to the Supreme Court. In 1998 the Supreme Court ruled that the Alberta Individual Rights Protection Act violates the federal Charter of Rights and Freedoms and he was compensated for the inconvenience In 1965 Everett Klippert was being questioned by police and admitted to being gay. It was illegal to be homosexual in Canada before 1969. He was then charged as a dangerous sex offender and was imprisoned for an indefinite amount of time. He appealed but the Supreme Court upheld the previous ruling. Fortunately in1968-1969 the Criminal Law Amendment Act was introduced and when it was passed in the summer of 1969 homosexuality was decriminalized. Case #3: The Situation Today: With all the progress Canada has made in trying to achieve equal rights for everyone including LGBT individuals, there are probably always going to be problems. The biggest problem today is acceptance. Particularly young adults who are struggling with who they are and who they like, have a hard time being themselves
around their peers, friends and even their family because of the stigma still associated with homosexuals. The number of suicides due to bullying and/or taunting of homosexuals is steadily going down, but even the present number is too many.
Millions of dollars have been invested in Gay Rights Movements and for workshops to go from school to school spreading awareness of homosexuals, homophobia and transgender individuals. The Situation Today Continued: Church Wellesley Street is one of Canada’s most vibrant communities. It is an international tourist spot known all around the world. For many years it has been familiar to the Toronto gay community and following the 1981 bathhouse raids, it has become a mostly gay area and a centre for LGBT individuals in Canada. During the 1980’s the Church Street Community Center became a meeting place for various groups, whether social or political, and over time it has become well known as a LGBT-friendly space. Nowadays they offer a range of internationally renowned programs and services that are run from a anti-oppression and unbiased background. They also organize support groups for struggling individuals. Today the area has grown and become a safe and friendly environment where people can celebrate their sexual orientation rather than feeling ashamed of something that makes them unique. Questionnaire! What is the definition of 'transgender?' When was homosexuality in Canada decriminalized? Name 2 things homosexuals could not do until the 1960s When did spreading hate about LGBT individuals become a criminal offence? What year did Canada become the 4th country to legalize same-sex marriage nationwide? Explain one of the cases previously discussed Video By: Emma S, Sonia K, Hayley B, & Hai Dao L