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Romanticism and Gothic Literature

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Katie Rising

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Romanticism and Gothic Literature

Romanticism

and Gothic Literature

The History and Influence on Mary Shelly
History
Gothic Literature
Romanticism:
a style of art, literature, etc., during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that emphasized the imagination and emotions
Roughly 1780-1850
The Romantic Movement
Rebels: Romantics rejected everything philosophy represented
"Man must liberate himself from these intellectual chains"
(Kreis)
Danger and consequences of excessive knowledge in
Frankenstein

"For the better part of my life all I did was think."

-William Hazlitt

"What shall I do when I have read all the books?"
-William Godwin

seen as separate ideas (except Shelley)
novel unable to address romanticism's interests and ideologies
canonized poets and their works continue to define what Romanticism is
What is
Romanticism
?

What is
Gothic
Literature?
Gothic literature combines elements of
horror
and
romance
. As a genre it is generally believed to have been invented by the English author Horace Walpole with his 1764 novel "The Castle of Otranto"
Romanticism Era

VS
Romanticism Novel
Typical
Romantic
Comments of the time period
An atmosphere of mystery and suspense.
"a fear enhanced by the unknown" (Harris)
An ancient prophecy.
Omens, portents, visions.
"a disturbing dream vision, or some phenomenon may be seen as a portent of coming events" (Harris)
Supernatural or otherwise inexplicable events.
High, even overwrought emotion.
Women in distress
The metonymy of gloom and horror.
ELEMENTS
Gothic Elements
(Harris)
Romantic Elements
Powerful love.
Uncertainty of reciprocation / unreturned love.
Tension between true love and father's control.
Lovers parted.
Illicit love or lust threatens the virtuous one.
"The young woman becomes a target of some evil man's desires and schemes."
Rival lovers or multiple suitors.
Caspar David Friedrich
1819
Caspar David Friedrich
1817
Caspar David Friedrich
1823
Guariento Di Arpo
1350
"Mutability"
(Romanticism)
Percy Bysshe Shelley
(Shaffer)
(Shaffer)
(Kreis)
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Frankenstein
Mary Shelly
Bibliography

Arpo, Guariento Di. An Angel Protecting a Soul in the Balance of the Devil. Digital image. Artcyclopedia. N.p., 1350. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

Friedrich, Casper David. Two Men Contemplating the Moon. Digital image.Fine Art Prints. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

Friedrich, Casper David. Wanderer above the Sea of Fog. Digital image.Artble. N.p., 1818. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

Friedrich, Casper David. Wreck of Hope. Digital image. Casper David Friedrich: The Complete Works. N.p., 1823. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

Harris, Robert. "Elements of a Gothic Novel." Virtual Salt. N.p., 20 Dec. 2013. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

Kreis, Steven. "The Romantic Era." The History Guide. N.p., 20 July 2014. Web. 07 Nov. 2014.

Melani, Lilia. "A Brief Historical Overview." The Gothic Experience. Brooklyn College, 26 Aug. 2008. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.

Mullan, John. "The Origins of the Gothic." British Library. British Library Board, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.

"Romanticism." Merriam-Webster. Britannica Company, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

Shaffer, Julie. "Non-Canonical Women's Novels Of The Romantic Era: Romantic Ideologies And The Problematics Of.." Studies In The Novel 28.4 (1996): 469. Advanced Placement Source. Web. 7 Nov. 2014.

(Kreis)
(Mullan)
Imitation of
The Castle of Otranto: A Gothic Story
(1765) created the genre
Mary Shelley brought the element of a doppelganger to Gothic literature
(Melani)
Full transcript