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Women's Rights in the 1930s
Transcript of Women's Rights in the 1930s
When this nation was formed most men and women alike did not regard the equality of women as a legitimate political concern. Although we may understand the statement in the Declaration of Independence. We may also understand the statement in the Declaration of Independence that "all men are created equal" to figuratively mean everyone, the fact that it refers only to men cannot be ignored.
Many women were employed in the 1930s. Some were domestic or personal service and some women were schoolteachers, nurses and some even worked at home as house wives. By 1932, The Great Depression has left 12 million people out of work in the United States. Women were discouraged from “taking jobs” from men.
Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were among the first women to campaign for suffrage and equality. Anthony, the best-known speaker, traveled and lectured nationwide, calling for the vote.
In the early years of American history, women were discouraged from pursuing higher education because it was culturally considered unnatural for a woman to be educated. If a woman advanced her intellect, people thought she would be "unsexed". Those who did obtain higher education were instructed in traditional domestic skills such as sewing. Over the last few centuries women's positions and opportunities in the educational sphere have improved dramatically. Women learned to read and write at schools and they were not aloud to go to secondary schools like men were.
Injustice to women?
As difficult as things were for women generally, the situation was especially difficult for African-American women. Women may have earned increased rights in the early 20th century but African-Americans had not. The U.S. was still nearly three decades from the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. One report from Philadelphia states that between 1932 and 1933, 68 percent of the jobs posted stated that they were "white only" job offers.
Women of Color
In 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified, and women earned a place in politics and society with the right to vote.
"National Federation of Business;Professional Women's Clubs." Dictionary of American History. 2003. "National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 01 Jan. 2003. Web. 24 Mar. 2014.
"The 1930s." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
"1930s Fashion for Women." 1930s Fashion for Women. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.
"American Cultural History." American Cultural History. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.
Women in the 1930s wore house dresses for casual wear, and even for occasions like visiting friends or playing cards.
"To kill a Mockingbird" relates to women's rights because this book talks about feminism. Feminism is when women's rights are on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men.