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SOC 1001 - Chapter 1

Sociological Perspective
by

Lisa Smith

on 9 December 2015

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Transcript of SOC 1001 - Chapter 1

Sociological Perspective
Sociological Imagination
Microsociology
Macrosociology
Chapter 1
Founders
of Sociology
Interaction with one another
Family
School
Work
Conformity Essential
Society - as a whole
American
Japanese
Indian
Differences between:
personal events & society
social awareness
We cling to
Falsehoods & Myths
Happily Ever After
American Dream
Auguste Comte
Positivism
Using scientific methodology to study society -
conclusions are based on certain observations
Social statics – stability and order
Social dynamics – social change
Social Progress
Harriet Martineau
Writer
Translated Comte’s Positive Philosophy
Feminist
Case Study
Using the link below:
http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2011/ted_20110914.htm

Answer the following questions:
How does the information presented by the Bureau of Labor Statistics contribute to Comte's positivism?
Which groups from the data would be considered the proletariat, the bourgeoisie and which sex, ethnic group makes the most money?
Which services found in the presented data provide the principle of economic determinism discussed by Marx and which professions determine the other systems of a society's economy?
Karl Marx
Bourgeoisie
Proletariat
Change the world
Social Classes
Emile Durkheim
Consensus among people
Moral Order
Values and beliefs –
mechanical solidarity
Traditions
Customs
Social Order -
organic solidarity
Specialized roles
Dependency
Goods and services
statistics to explain behavior
Government corruption
Enriched owners
Harmed workers
Jane Adams
W.E.B. Dubois
The Negro Problem
Racial discrimination
Segregation
Inferiority of Blacks
Theoretical Perspectives
Functionalism – Herbert Spencer
Contributions of each part of society – Integration = survival
Dynamic equilibrium
Constant changing balance
Conflict Theory - Marx, Weber - Power
Competition
Conflict
Constraint
Promotion of special interests and values
Feminist theory
Symbolic Interaction
Interaction between people
Symbol
Gesture
Word
Must be observable
Full transcript