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Advantages and disadvantages of Crude Oil

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by

Kiernan Carroll

on 6 October 2016

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Transcript of Advantages and disadvantages of Crude Oil

Advantages and Disadvantages of Crude Oil
Disadvantages
Non-Renewable
Because oil is non-renewable it will eventually run out
We currently rely on oil for almost one third of global energy production
Some experts suggest that Oil could run out in as little as 41 years
Pollutes the environment
Just one litre of oil can contaminate 1 million litres of water
Disrupt ecosystems
Kills animals
Contributes to Greenhouse effect
Burning of oil releases greenhuse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide
1 barrel of crude oil (160 L) releases approximately 440 Kg of carbon dioxide
In 2013 an average of almost 91 million barrels of oil were produce per day which means 40 billion Kg of Carbon dioxide are released per day
Advantages
Relatively cheap
High energy density (power output)
Used by variety of devices directly
Can be easily used
Has an extensive distribution network
1.4 times denser than coal
Energy density: 13.0 * 10^3 W kg^-1
Bibliography
https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/its-about-forty-years-until-oil-runs-out
https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/overview-greenhouse-gases
http://www.volker-quaschning.de/datserv/CO2-spez/index_e.php
http://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/images/charts/energy_use_in_homes-small.gif
http://burnanenergyjournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/AvgCostFossilFuels.jpg
http://www.opec.org/opec_web/static_files_project/images/content/data_graphs/GRAPH%20OPEC%20share%20of%20world%20crude%20oil%20reserves%202015.png

Generating heat
Producing food items
Furniture (carpeting and flooring)
Medicinal drugs
Alcohols
Full transcript