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The Causes Of World War One

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jasmin smith

on 8 September 2013

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Transcript of The Causes Of World War One

WW1 Investigation Task:

Map of Europe in 1914 showing the countries involved in the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente
Image of the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand
Why did World war One happen?
Task One:
Bibliography
Image of Australians landing in Gallipoli
Map of the Ottoman Empire in 1914
Map of Gallipoli (in the Ottoman Empire)
Task Two:
Prior Knowledge
Task Four:
Source observation

Task Five:
Primary source cartoon analysis

Reasons (MANIA)
MILITARISM: Countries wanted to extend their colonies so they acquired lots of men and weapons to form armies in order to be ready for war.
ALLIANCES: Countries formed alliances with each other for protection in the event of a war .This meant that if one of the countries under an alliance was threatened or attacked, the other would be obligated to step in and provide assistance.
NATIONALISM: Many people possessed a great deal of pride in their nation and wanted it to be better than the rest. They also disliked foreigners and treated them with suspicion.
IMPERIALISM: The biggest empire at the time was the British empire and its acquisition of colonies led to conflicts with other countries who were also attempting to extend their empires.
ASSASSINATION: On 28 July, 1914, the heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand and his wife were shot dead (assassinated) by the Black Hand in Serbia. This made the people of Austria-Hungary very angry.


Name of image
Map showing the alliances in Europe in 1914.
The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Map of the Ottoman Empire in 1914-Gallipoli
-Map Illustrations-Thematic Maps
Australian troops in action on the Western Front during World War One WWI.
ANZAC's coming ashore.

Website title
Background to the War [Mania
]
Doesn’t have one.
Ottoman Empire 1914
-Map Illustrations
On the front line, World War One
Gallipoli landing: a letter home from the front

Website
http://ww.johndclare.net/causes_WWI2.htm
http://www.allposters.com/-sp/The-Assassination-of-Archduke-Franz-Ferdinand-Posters_i7683664_.htm
http://www.emersonkent.com/map_archive/ottoman_empire_1914.htm
http://www.mapillustrations.com.au/thematic_maps.html
http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/ftimages/2008/11/10/1226165454058.html
http://au.news.yahoo.com/queensland/a/-/australian-news/9252584/gallipoli-landing-a-letter-home-from-the-front/

Date viewed
19/8/20
19/8/20
19/8/20
19/8/20
19/8/20
19/8/20
Yellow=Triple Alliance
Red= Triple Entente
Image of Australian soldiers fighting in the Western Front (border between France and Germany)
Weapons
Military technology was advancing and World War I turned out to be a showcase of new technologies. There were Tanks, airplanes (reconnaissance, fighter and bomber planes) and submarines which changed the way wars were fought. Other types of motorized vehicles, such as trucks, cars, and especially trains, improved the speed in which troops and supplies could be moved. Guns had improved in accuracy and range of fire and rifles were the main weapon used by the British soldiers in the trenches. Chemical warfare was also used and seen on a large scale for the first time.

Spark
The spark of World War One that made all the other things come into play (opposing forces, militarism, alliances, nationalism, imperialism) was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914. Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne and was shot while visiting Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist secret society called the Blackhand.
THE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR ONE
By Jasmin Smith
Two Sides
World war One consisted of two main sides which were called the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente. The Triple Alliance included Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary while the Triple Entente was Britain, France and Russia.
Task Three:
Posing little questions

WHO?
Who started it?
Who was involved?
Who won?
WHAT?
What ended the war?
What were the most significant battles?
What was the cost of the war?
WHEN?
When did World War One start?
When did World War One finish?
When did the Anzacs arrive in Gallipoli?

WHERE?
Where did the World War One start?
Where did the heaviest loss of life take place?
Where was the most significant battle located?

WHY?
Why did the War start?
Why was acquiring new countries (imperialism) so important to countries?
Why did people continue to go to war?

HOW?
How many countries were involved?
How many people died during World War One?
How did the war end?
Observations
Britain
Germany
Enthusiasm
Australia
fought
losses
Western Front
battle
surrender
capture
volunteers
Ottoman Empire
trenches
periscope
allies
stalemate
machine guns
sea
grief
New Zealand
France
artillery
defense
attack
reinforced bunkers
territorial gains
casualties
killed
wounded
tanks
aircraft
mud and stagnation
extreme heat
harsh terrain
water shortages
financial burden
anti-German
social division
prisoners
horses
ships
Answer
The source tells us that people from countries belonging to opposing alliances used weapons and military technology to fight in battles against each other. This resulted in many deaths and injuries. While at war, the men also had to face tough living conditions and their absence affected their families back at home.
Evidence From Source
Alliances:
The First World War began when Britain and Germany went to war
members of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) landed at Gallipoli together with troops from New Zealand, Britain, and France.
Military weapons and technology:
The development of machine-guns and artillery favored defense over attack
allies combined infantry, artillery, tanks, and aircraft more effectively
In one of the pictures, an Australian digger uses a periscope
Conditions of war:
The light horsemen and their mounts had to survive extreme heat, harsh terrain, and water shortages.
.mud and stagnation of the Western Front
Attitude towards war:
The outbreak of war was greeted in Australia, as in many other places, with great public enthusiasm.
In response to the overwhelming number of volunteers, the authorities set exacting physical standards for recruits.
Impact on people at home:
Families and communities grieved following the loss of so many men, and women increasingly assumed the physical and financial burden of caring for families. Anti-German feeling emerged with the outbreak of the war.
Social division also grew
Deaths and injuries:
Over 60,000 Australians were killed and 156,000 wounded, gassed, or taken prisoner.
both sides sustained heavy losses.
In one of the images, there are wounded and dead infantrymen at the first battle of Passchendaele
Patterns
Alliances between countries:
Britain, Australia, New Zealand France vs. Germany, Turkey (Ottoman Empire)
Fighting:
fought, battle, capture, attack, defense and prisoners
Military weapons and technology:
periscope, machine-guns, artillery, reinforced bunkers, tanks, aircraft, horses and ships
Conditions of war:
trenches, mud and stagnation, harsh terrain, extreme heat and water shortages
Attitude towards war:
Enthusiasm, volunteers
Impact on people at home:
Financial burden, grief, social division, anti-German
Deaths and injuries:
losses, casualties, killed, wounded

two camps
complicated
blame
invaded
Triple Alliance
Germany
Italy
Austria-Hungary
Triple Entente
France
Britain
Russia
Patterns
Imperialism:
Empire, power, navy, army, huge, possession, colonies, economic, desire, increase, large, size, naval race
Militarism:
army, navy, money, battleship, dreadnought, naval race
Alliances:
two camps, Triple Alliance, Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary, Triple Entente, France, Britain, Russia, 'back her up', promise, divided
Countries felt threatened:
feared, suspicious, concerned, fragile

Answer
Imperialism was a major contributing factor in the beginning of World War One because countries wished to extend their colonies to become more powerful. In order to do this, they required large armies and navies ready to fight for acquisitions. Once some countries started to extend their armies and navies, others felt threatened so they did the same. In the case of an upcoming war, countries relied on alliances with other nations for protection.
Evidence
Source Analysis
What does the source tell you about the process of World War One?

What does the source tell you about the process of World War One?
What started WW1?
Observations
Alliance
domino
enemy
line
threats
big
small
representatives
leaders
different nations
all white
all men
Serbia
ready
linked
Patterns
Alliances:
alliance, friends, prepared, protecting, linked, promise
Provoking fighting:
threats, attack, hit, fight, provoke
Military:
all men, army uniforms
Geographic placement/involvement:
distance, big, small, close, further away
Leaders-monarch:
representatives, all leaders, all men

Answer
The cartoon displays how alliances between countries meant that if Austria-Hungary was to attack Serbia, many others would become involved due to a domino effect caused by their promises of providing protection. The source also uses friendships between people to demonstrate how alliances work by showing how if a friend was in danger of being hurt, you would help them just like how if an ally was under attack, your country would become involved.
Evidence
Alliances: The men are threatening that if anyone else attacks their friend, they'll attack them.
Provoking fighting: The men each have a hand grasped on the person's shoulder in front of them and are holding their fists in the air so that they are ready to attack.
Military: The men are all wearing their specific country's army uniform.
Geographic placement: They are each different heights and are standing different widths apart to represent each of the countries size and geographical distance between them

Observations
'back her up'
feared
power
promise
attacked
suspicious
navy
army
concerned
huge
colonies
possession
economic
fragile
desire
increase
large
size
naval race
money
battleship
dreadnought
building
divided
spark
disaster
Empire
massacre
dying
slaying
bones
piles
changing
skull
peasant clothes
wheat
souls
Answer
A skeleton depicting the Grim Reaper is using a scythe to massacre a field of men, with each movement of his blade causing hundreds to fall. As you look further down the field, the men gradually appear to be more and more like grass, showing that in time, the grass occupying the majority of the picture will transform into more humans and be added to the piles of the dead. In the background, there is a great deal of smoke drifting across the sky which makes it look as though explosions are taking place and conveys a feeling of warfare. This gives the impression that the grass symbolises the soldiers fighting in the war and how large amounts of them were falling at a substantial speed. The Grim Reaper is also wearing peasant clothes rather than its usual black hooded cloak which could represent how many countries were going through a time of depression due to the war.
Evidence
The skeleton is using a scythe to reap the field.
Hundreds of visible men have fallen or are about to fall.
The bodies of the men gradually fade out until they appear to be grass.
There is smoke in the background.
Bombs were among the military weapons used in the war and they cause explosions.
The skeleton is wearing the type of clothes which would have been worn by a lower-class person.

Imperialism:
•Germany clearly believed that a sign of a great power was possession of overseas colonies. The 'best' had already been taken by Britain but Germany resolved to gain as much colonial territory as possible.
Militarism:
•Both countries spent vast sums of money building new warships and the cost soared when Britain launched a new type of battleship - the Dreadnought. Germany immediately responded by building her equivalent
Alliances:
•Britain had promised to protect Belgium
•Europe had divided into two camps.
•Austria needed the might of Germany to back her up if trouble got worse.
•Each member of the Triple Alliance promised to help the others if they were attacked by another country.
Countries felt threatened:
•France was suspicious of Germany. She had a huge army but a poor navy.
•Britain was also concerned about Germany because she was building up a new and powerful navy.
•Britain concluded that Germany's desire to increase the size of her navy was to threaten Britain's naval might in the North Sea.
•As a result, a naval race took place.

army uniforms
attack
distance
Serbia
protecting
chain
friends
close
far
prepared
hit
fight
provoke
promise
hold

Task Six: One paragraph answer

Imperialism
was a major contributing factor in the beginning of World War One because countries wanted to extend their empires to become more powerful. The biggest empire at the time was the British Empire and so the others felt threatened by its size and intended to obtain more colonies to decrease its influence. In order to do this, they required large armies and navies ready to fight for acquisitions and this is how
militarism
came into play. Once countries started to extend their armies and navies, other leaders felt threatened so they did the same and a naval race took place. In case of an upcoming war, countries relied on preconceived
alliances
with others as well as the formations of new ones for protection. This meant that if one of the countries under an alliance was threatened or attacked, the other would be obligated to step in and provide assistance. At the time, the majority of people possessed a great deal of
nationalism
and wanted their empires to surpass all others so they greeted the concept of war with enthusiasm and felt honoured to help out their country. The spark that put all the aforementioned items discussed into motion was the
assassination
of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914. Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne and when he was shot by a Serbian nationalist secret society called the Blackhand, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. This assassination set off a train of events that culminated in the world's first global war.

skeleton
death
scythe
men
reaping
chaos
smoke
field
grass
grim reaper
poor

Observations
killing
blade
cutting down
explosions
war
soldiers
falling
harvesting
slice
thousands
economic decline

Patterns
Death:
skeleton, death, killing, falling, war, thousands, massacre, dying, slaying, bones, skull, souls
War:
men, chaos, smoke, killing, explosions, war, soldiers
The war's impact on the economy:
poor, economic decline, peasant clothes
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