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Transcript of Hammurabi's Code:
By: Luke Chiodini
Hammurabi's Code was created by the king of a city state in Mesopotamia, his name was Hammurabi. Hammurabi, and his Code, ruled over the city-state known as Babylon. Hammurabi ruled over his empire, Babylonia, for 42 years. Hammurabi started off as a small ruler, but Hammurabi and his Code eventually ruled over 1,000,000 people. Hammurabi's kingdom covered most of Mesopotamia, its boundaries stretching from Mari in the north and Larsa in the south. Hammurabi wrote this code of laws to bring peace and justice to his kingdom. Hammurabi's Code contained 282 laws that were carved on large stone pillars. These stone pillars, known as steles, were placed around Hammurabi's kingdom to regulate farming, government, family issues, and work. Hammurabi's Code helps researchers understand life in the time of Mesopotamian civilization. The laws in Hammurabi's Code are harsh but they area necessity to bring justice. I believe that Hammurabi's Code was just because if you do wrong to someone than you deserve wrong to be done to you.
Reasons why it was Just
Hammurabi's Code is just because it is based off of an eye for and eye. Eye for an eye means that if you do wrong to someone, an equal punishment will be given to you. One example of this is law 195: If a son has struck his father, his hands shall be cut off.
Hammurabi's Code is just because some laws won't allow a criminal from commiting the same crime. A criminal won't be able to commit the same crime twice because of the punishment that is inflicted on him. An example of this is law 21: If a man has broken through the wall to rob a house, they shall put him to death and pierce him, or hang him in the hole in the wall which he has made. If a robber is put to death than he won't be able to commit anymore crimes.
Hammurabi's code is just because the laws dicourage commiting crimes with the harsh punishments that are in place. If a criminal has to pay a large amount of money he won't want to pay the fine again. An example of this is law 209: If a man strikes the daughter of a free man and causes her to lose the fruit of her womb, he shall pay 10 shekels of silver.
Reasons Why it was Unjust
Hammurabi's Code is unjust because of the harsh punishments. If you make a mistake you might have to pay with a limb or even your life. An example of this is law 218: If a surgeon has operated with a bronze lancet on a free man for a serious injury, and has caused his death, his hands shall be cut off.
Hammurabi's Code is unjust because some laws can be exploited. This means taking advantage of laws that will benefit you if something wrong is done to you. One example of this is law 23: If the robber is not caught, the man who has been robbed shall formally declare whatever he has lost before a god, and the city and the mayor in whose territory or district the robbbery has been commited shall replace for him whatever he has lost. A citizen could hide items and claim that they were stolen to recieve new items.
Hammurabi's Code is unjust because some laws give mor leneancy towards men. This means that men are allowed to commit a crime without punishment whereas a woman would be punished. An example of this is law 129: If a married lady is caught in adultery with another man, they shall bind them and cast them into the water. A married man may lay with another woman however a married woman may not lay with another man.