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The Voices of Ethiopia: The Future We Want - Costantinos

Post 2015 Consultations Report
by

Costy Costantinos

on 22 March 2016

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Transcript of The Voices of Ethiopia: The Future We Want - Costantinos

The Future We Want:
The Voices of Ethiopia
Section VI:
Conclusions
Objective of the Post-2015 Consultations

Stimulate an inclusive debate on a shared global vision on the
Future We Want
, with the voices of citizens;

Amplify voices of citizens to ensure the global agenda is aligned with citizen’s aspirations;

Encourages Ethiopia to envisage reformulating
policies, redesigning strategies and rethinking development
in the national context
Progress on the MDGs - highlights
Ethiopia has recorded significant and sustained progress in economic and social development.
Ethiopia has mainstreamed MDGs at the centre the country’s medium term strategy (GTP);
Ethiopia has made significant progress towards achieving the MDGs.
Six of the eight MDGs are currently on track
and efforts are being made to ensure that the remaining two are brought on track before 2015;
What made life better/satisfying?
Ethiopia is experiencing high economic growth and human development. Significant improvements have been achieved in
Access to all levels of education
Access to and use infrastructure and economic resources,
Motivation for self-development and hard-work,
Prevalence of peace ,
Infrastructure
Roads: 71,000 kilometers of new roads - 62,000 achieved
Railways: 2,395 kilometers of new railways
Air Infrastructure: Air fleet - 35 additional aircraft, Air Cargo -125,000 tons per day
Power: 8000 MW of new power & laying 132,000 km of new distribution lines.
Housing: Building 157,000 new condominium-housing units;
Water Supply and Irrigation: Expanding the water supply to 99 % of the population and irrigation coverage from 3 to 16 % of total farmland;
Industry: Developing new or additional capacity in sectors that include textiles, metals and engineering, cement, fertilizers and sugar production;
What should be done to ensure better life for citizens?
The unfinished agenda!
Emerging Development Challenges and Opportunities:
How can Ethiopia install a Rights Based Approach &
Meritocratic Governance
Freedom from Fear
Freedom from Want
How can Ethiopia Mainstream Human Security & Human Development
What are the policy trajectories needed to expanding human qualities:
access to quality education and health?
livelihood security?
family planning services?
water supply and sanitation?
What should be done differently to address absolute poverty, unemployment and underemployment?
Issues for discussion:
Transformational Human Development & Human Security
Thank you
costy@costantinos.net
Contents of the final report

Section I: Introduction
Section II: Rationales, Scope, Process and Methodology
Section III: Country Development Context
Section IV: The Voices and Aspiration of Citizens
What are the major causes of poverty?
What are the basic needs to lead a really satisfying life?
What made our life better and satisfying?
What should be done to ensure a better life for citizen?
Poverty and Food Insecurity:

Slow transformation in the Agriculture sector,
Youth Unemployment ,
Inequality
Continuity of the Economic Growth,
Low Infrastructures base,
Quality of Education and provision Quality of Health Services;
Climate Change and environment degradation;
Population and Development; Migration;
Partnership;
Mutual Accountability
Section V:
Unfinished agenda & emerging development challenges

The post 2015
Priority Development Agenda

What should be included in the post-2015 development agenda?
The Global Dimensions and Agenda: When and how do we get there, realize the aspirations? 
Building responsible and strong Private Sector Development
Gender inequality and women empowerment
Governance and Institution Building , Development Financing , Macroeconomic Performance,
The following issues remain as priority areas to be addressed by intensified action in the short run and beyond 2015
Reducing poverty, human insecurity and transforming agriculture,
Reducing unemployment: sustaining economic growth,
Conducive milieu for a responsible & strong private sector ,
Removal of legal impediments to CSOs
Achieving gender equality,
Guaranteeing freedom of expression & association;
Nurturing a vibrant media;
Good governance and institution building, addressing

human inequality and improve human qualities,
increase development finance,
Ensure stable macroeconomic performance based on improved quality of education, quality access to health services & infrastructure...
Building resilience for climate change and environment degradation, population, development and migration
Strengthening partnership and accountability
What should Ethiopians do to address Maternal Mortality & Gender Equality ?
Stemming
Maternal Mortality & Gender Inequality takes cultural changes & Governance
effectiveness
Major cultural change processes through CSOs, Faith-based organisations,
Political parties, clan and tribal leaders
Civil society (Mahber, Idir, clan and associations)
Legal empowerment
of women
Access to property & to labour rights
Access to entrepreneurship
Access to justice
Matters that are crucially important for personal and community well-being
pervasive corruption, caustic and destructive values,
lack of access to infrastructure and energy,
gender inequality and discrimination against women,
food, shelter and clothing, livelihood, employment and income,
access to quality education and health services,
good governance , peace and security;
institutional capacity to provide public services and help people cope with shocks (inflation, drought...)
lack of adequate support to the disabled / vulnerable;
lack of access to economic resource (land, capital and technology);
Things that make life difficult are
Entrepreneurship
Enabling milieu for private sector development
Address employment and income inequality,
Good governance, stemming graft, peace, security and stability
provision of quality education and access to quality health services & support people with disabilities
Women empowerment & gender equality
legal empowerment of citizens to promote their effective participation
BT Costantinos, PhD
Professor of Public Policy, School of Graduate Studies, College of Management & Economics, AAU
The Private Sector Consultation in Addis Ababa
The Private Sector
Full transcript