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Italy- Culture Presentation

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Andrea Laffey

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of Italy- Culture Presentation

A Tour Through Italy Presented by Andrea Laffey Breakfast Also known as colazione
Typical breakfast is strong espresso or a cappuccino with a plain croissant (cornetto)
Go by the 'less is more policy'
Most Italians will snack throughout the day sweet biscuits, light cake (ciambellone), fagottino (a type of brioche), strudels, and other types of pastries Lunch Also called pranzo
Italy's most famous meal
Unlike breakfast, they take their time eating lunch
For lunch, most shops and offices close so that employees can go homes for lunch and a rest
Starts with appetizers or antipasto
Then the primo is served which is the first dish and is typically a pasta dish
This is followed by the secondo or second dish which is typically a meat dish
These dishes are typically followed by one or more contorni which is a vegetable dish or a salad
Usually served between the hours of 12:30 and 2:30
Lunch is typically followed by a bottle of wine Dinner Also known as cena
It often lasts hours, because it is more of a social event
Unlike lunch, Italians only opt for one course instead of two
Their meal tends to consist of fish, meat, or cheese accompanied with a salad or vegetable
Some Italians eat pasta along with their course especially if they ate a hurried lunch
Typically the further south you are, the later dinner is
Northerners usually eat around 7:30 or 8
In Rome, dinnertime is typically no earlier than 8
The typical dinnertime in Naples or Sicily is around 9 Dessert Dessert includes tiramisu, creme caramel, cheesecake, crostata (which is a jam tart), and ice cream
It is polite to take a tray of cakes from the bakery (pasticceria)
The cakes will be served with coffee
Dinnertime and dessert are typically a time for good wine, good food, and good conversation in Italy Climate in Italy Climate varies between the north and south
In the north, the climate is very harsh with very cold winters and very hot, humid summers
The north is the area between the Alps and the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines
In central Italy, the climate is mild with a smaller difference in temperature between summer and winter than the north
Central Italy has a shorter and less intense winter season; the summers are also longer
Southern Italy and the islands do not have harsh winters, so spring and autumn seasons are similar to summers in the other regions Works Cited http://www.oh-rome.com/en/blog/694/tourist-guide/information/typical-italian-food/
http://www.italia.it/en/useful-information/the-climate-in-italy.html
http://www.lifeinitaly.com/culture/general/most-important-holidays-italy
http://www.prospects.ac.uk/work_in_italy.htm
http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Europe/Italy.html
http://www.weather.com/weather/tenday/ITXX0067 Capodanno (New Year)- January 1st
Befana (Epiphany)- January 6th
Carnevale (Mardi Gras)- 40 days before Easter-does not have a set date, because Easter changes every year
Pasqua (Easter)- does not have a set date
Liberation Day- April 25th
Labor Day- May 1st
La Festa della Repubblica (The Day of the Republic)- June 2nd
Ferragosto- August 15th
Ognisanti and Giorno dei Morti (All Saints-All Souls Day)- November 1st and 2nd
L'Immacolata Concezione (The Immaculate Conception)- December 8th
Natale (Christmas)- December 25th
Santo Stefano- December 26th Capodanno- first day of the New Year, New Year's Eve (December 31st) is known as the Night of Saint Sylvester
Befana- the last day of Christmas festivities, the Befana is a woman who gives gifts to good children such as the Magi brought gifts to Jesus
Carnevale- lasts ten days and ends on Fat Tuesday (Mardi Gras or Martedi Grasso), children dress up and parades are held, special sweets are baked, it is the period of relaxation and partying before Lent Pasqua- commemorates the death and resurrection of Jesus, the whole weekend (beginning with Holy Thursday and ending with Easter or Angel's Monday) is a holiday, but Saturday is considered a day of mourning with no sweets, festivities or fancy foods
Liberation Day- Italians celebrate their freedom from dictatorship, it is controversial, so it is more often remembered as the end of World War II
Labor Day- usually a day of propaganda, because even though it is supposed to celebrate workers , it turns into a political debate
La Festa della Repubblica- it is common to have a parade of all the people that protect Italy including army, navy, police officers, firefighters, etc., the parade is held next to the Coliseum to commemorate the day the Italian Republic was born Ferragosto- Catholic celebration for the Virgin Mary, but it was originally a pagan holiday
Ognisanti and Giorno dei Morti- both days are spent celebrating the death of loved ones, gravestones are cleaned up and flowers (usually chrysanthemums) are planted, Halloween is not a typical Italian holiday
L'Immacolata Concezione- entirely devoted to the purity of the Virgin Mary as the mother of Jesus, denotes the beginning of the upcoming Christmas festivities
Natale- celebrates the birth of Jesus, families exchange gifts on the 24th and have a large lunch on the 25th. nativity scenes and Christmas trees are used as decorations
Santo Stefano- celebrates the first martyr of the Church, Saint Stephen Occupations in Italy Jobs in the North- more industry-based (private companies that have an international presence), fashion, car manufacturing, tourism, food and drink are among the most important industries
Jobs in the South- agriculturally and farming based jobs
Other information- fruit picking and outdoor working are available as seasonal jobs in the North, the need for English teachers in Italy is great, and the best way to find a job is networking through family and friends Rome- capital of Italy, holds many ancient monuments, medieval churches, fountains, museums, and Renaissance palaces, the Vatican and St. Peter's basilica are also found here
Venice- built on the water of a lagoon, holds many museums, palaces, and churches, is thought of as the bridge between the East and West
Florence- most important architectural and art centers, home to museums, famous paintings and sculptures, as well as Medici palaces and gardens
Milan- known for stylish shops, galleries, and restaurants, rich artistic and cultural heritage, home to the Duomo and La Scala Naples- most important Southern city, home to historical and artistic treasures, one of the most vibrant cities in Italy
Verona- third largest city in Italy, most known as the setting of Romeo and Juliet
Turin- home to museums, elegant shops, and good restaurants, wonderful baroque architecture, historic palaces and cafes, and artisan workshops
Bologna-known for its beauty, wealth, and cuisine, home to a great medieval center
Perugia- hosts a world- famous jazz festival, home to several important monuments and wonderful central square, cosmopolitan city
Genoa- Italy's principal seaport, home to a wealth of churches, palaces, and museums as well as an amazing aquarium Location/Geography Peninsula that extends into the Mediterranean Sea
Located in Southern Europe
Borders France, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Austria
Italy has the distinct shape of a boot
Mostly surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, because it is a peninsula
Olive groves, wineries, and hills make up the rural landscape
Modern buildings mix with ancient structures make up the urban landscape
The Alps and the Apennine mountain ranges make up about 75% of the landscape
The backbone of the mainland is made up of the Alps and Apennine ranges Typical Day in Italy Weather Report for Rome:
Thu May 9

Mostly Sunny
High: 75°

Low: 60°

Chance of rain:0%
Wind:WNW at 9 mph Important Holidays in Italy Important Italian Cities Transportation in Italy There are different forms of transportation in different cities
The most common forms of transportation are:
Metro
Bus
Train
Vaporetto
Bicycles
By foot
By car
Ferry Religion http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Europe/Italy/Transportation-Italy-TG-C-1.html
http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles/italy/italy-main-religions/305
http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112187/italy_government.htm
http://family.jrank.org/pages/981/Italy.html
http://www.justlanded.com/english/Italy/Articles/Culture/Social-customs-in-Italy
http://traveltips.usatoday.com/famous-works-art-rome-3571.html Nearly one fifth of Italians claim to be Atheist
Vatican City, the Catholic Church headquarters, is in Italy
Regular church-goers only account for 30 to 40% of Italians
A small amount of Italians are Protestants and Jehovah Witnesses
Islam is the second largest faith in Italy today Important
Monuments The Pisa Cathedral
The Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Sforsezco Castle in Milan
The Milan Cathedral
The Arena in Verona
The Church of San Fermo
Juliet's House in Verona
Romeo's House in Verona
The Naples Royal Palace and Gardens
The Ponte Vecchio in Florence
The Accademia Gallery
The Trevi Fountain
The Pantheon
St. Peter's Basilica
The Sistine Chapel
The Coliseum Italian Government Was an monarchy until 1946 when the people voted to change it to a republic that is headed by a president
The new constitution was put into effect on January 1, 1948
The president is elected for a 7-year term, and there is no vice president
If the president is unable to perform his duties, the Senate will take over
The prime minister is the most important figure in Italian government
The president picks the prime minister
The prime minister picks the cabinet members, but the president officially appoints them with approval from Parliament
Parliament consists of The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate
The Chamber and Senate have equal power to pass laws
The Chamber has 630 members while the Senate has 315
All members serve 5-year terms Family Life Nuclear family structure
Maintain strong bonds between generations
Even after the children leave home, they tend to live close to either spouse's parents, talk on the phone daily, and attempt to make weekly visits
Grandparents often take care of their grandchildren
Children care for their ill or aging parents
Both children and parents help each other financially in times of trouble and offer advice to help
Family institutions are very relevant in Italian culture due to the connection between generations Social Customs When first meeting an Italian, you should say 'buongiorno' (good day) and shake hands; it is considered impolite to simply say 'ciao' (hello)
In a formal situation, the polite greeting is 'molto lieto' (pleased to meet you)
When greeting family, Italians will embrace each other and kiss on the cheeks (more of a light brushing of the lips on the cheek) regardless of their sex; they first kiss the right cheek and then the left
When addressing a stranger or an elder you would use the formal address (lei); you should not address someone by their Christian name or use the familiar address (tu) until they invite you to do so
When, and if, invited to an Italian family's dinner you should take a small bouquet of flowers, chocolates, or pastries; you should not take wine unless you know the family well
If you are offered wine, do not drink until the host makes a toast, do not drink in excess, and if you are not offered more wine, it is a signal that the dinner is over
Dress usually tends to be formal, because impression and presentation are very important in Italy
Italians judge people by their dress, but also the way you act and speak
You should always introduce yourself before speaking to someone on the phone, but you should not call between 2 and 4 p.m. as most Italians are taking a nap
If you have an appointment with someone, you should always be early or on time though they will probably be late; if you are going to be late, it is polite to call and apologize before the meeting Music Art in Italy Michelangelo, Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, Bernini and Borromini influenced Italian artwork in both the Renaissance and Baroque periods
Famous Works of Art in Italy:
The Laocoon- marble sculpture depicting Trojan priest Laocoon and his sons battling Neptune's sea serpents
The Chapel of Saint Matthew- holds three famous painting by Caravaggio: The Calling of Saint Matthew, Matthew and the Angel, and Matthew's Martyrdom
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius- bronze statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius
The School of Athens- depiction of the great philosophers and scientists of Greece, painted by Raphael, and it is part of the Vatican museums
The Pieta- marble statue of Mary holding Jesus after he was taken down from the cross, sculpted by Michelangelo
The Sistine Chapel- holds the Last Judgement fresco as well as the first 9 Genesis stories painted around the chapel
Venus Victrix- found in the Villa Borghese museum, semi-nude Neoclassical sculpture of Pauline Bonaparte, sculpted by Antonio Canova Conclusion Italy has changed significantly from the past to the present. However, they still have a lot of the same values and traditions that they have always found valuable. Italians still value good food, good conversation, and beautiful artwork.

It has been a very good experience researching the country of Italy. They have, for the most part, stuck to the traditions they always have, and I find that very interesting. It was educational as well as enjoyable to find out all the differences between the United States and Italy. The End Thank you for watching!
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