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United States Constitution
Transcript of United States Constitution
Constitution because: It gave too much power to the The delegates gathered during May of 1787 in Philadelphia to write the U.S. Constitution to declare freedom with representation. Structure of Government The Constitution
Group Work Project The delegates were meeting because the Articles of Confederation were not strong enough to support the country The Articles were too weak and did not give the national government enough power. The delegates decided to come up with a new form of central government. national government There was no Bill of Rights The national government could maintain an army. That would be too much power. Congress would have too much power Executive Branch would hold too much power Wanted a Constitution because: They could have separation of powers to protect rights. No one group could assume control The rights that aren't listed in the Bill of Rights would be violated James Madison
Charles Pinckney The Reason for Ratification Some states decided to ratify the Constitution when they found out that individual rights would be protected. 3 Branches of Government To avoid dictatorship, the government was divided into three parts, or branches. The Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch. The Executive Branch Lead by the President of the United States
He carries out federal laws and recommends new ones
He directs national defense and foreign policy
He performs ceremonial duties Powers include:
Commanding the Armed Forces
Dealing with international powers
Acting as chief law enforcement officer
Vetoing laws Legislative Branch Headed by Congress
The House of Representatives
The Senate Makes laws Powers include:
Originating spending bills (House)
Impeaching officials (Senate)
Approving treaties (Senate) Judicial Branch Powers
Interpreting the Constitution
Deciding cases involving state's rights Headed by the
Supreme Court Checks and Balances & Separation of Powers The delegates built a "checks and balance" system into the Constitution. Each branch has ways to power over the others, or to "check" them. For example: The president can veto a law passed by congress.
Congress can override that veto with a vote of two thirds in both houses To "separate powers", the three branches are divided. Each branch has different responsibilities that is equally important to the government. Both of these systems prevent any one branch from gaining too much power. Federalism The term federalist was first used in 1787 to describe the supporters of the new Constitution. Early U.S. political party
Wanted a strong central government
Held power from 1789-1801 The New Jersey And Virginia Plans Compromises The New Jersey Plan Includes three branches (legislative, executive & judicial)
The legislative branch appoints people to serve in the executive branch that appoints justices for the supreme court.
The national government could levy taxes and import duties. State laws would not have any power against laws passed by the national legislature. The Virginia Plan Three branches(legislative, executive & judicial)
The legislative was most powerful because it would select people for the judicial and executive branches.
The legislative branch would have two houses (bicameral.)
The House of Representatives was elected by the people and the Senate was chosen by the state legislature.
The legislature could regulate interstate trade, remove laws that are against the Constitution and use the armed forces to enforce laws The Great Compromise The Commerce Compromise The Executive Compromise July 16,1987
200 Senators and Representatives
They boarded a train to Philadelphia to celebrate a singular congressional anniversary
This would provide a dual system of congressional representation
The issue of representation threatened to destroy the seven-week year-old convention The constitution allows the federal government to tax imports but not exports.
Article 1 Section 8
-Power to lay and collect taxes
-Imports and exports How to Change the Constitution One way to change the Constitution: To get two thirds of both houses of Congress to agree
(House of Representatives and the Senate) Another way to change the Constitution: To call a convention of the legislatures of two thirds of several states Bill of Rights 1. The right of religion , press, assembly, speech, and petition
2. The right to bear arms
3. No soldier can stay in a house without permission from the owner
4. The right to protect an owned property, unless a reasonable warrant is supplied
5. You can only be tried in a court of law and you cannot be tried for the same crime twice
6.The right to a fair trial
7.The right of a trial by jury
8. No cruel and unusual punishments or excessive bail.
9.The Constitution cannot change a decision made by the people
10. Power to the people Habeas Corpus Latin for "that you have the body" The system that determines if a convicted criminal was supposed to be convicted this way Only used if a convict is accusing his/her conviction to be wrong 13th and 14th Amendments 13th 14th Outlawed slavery Issued on January 31,1865 Defines citizenship (Who, why, and how) Article 1 Section 9
-No preferences by any regulation of commerce of revenue to the ports The President is elected indirectly by the electoral collage to a four year term of office Rules: 1. An adequate base is for detention
2. Removal to another judicial court
3. The denial of bail or parole
4. Claim of double jeopardy
5. Failure of a speedy trial
6. The legality of extradition to a foreign country 15th, 19th, and 26th Amendments 15th Citizens votes shall not be denied or abridged. No discrimination. 19th Allowed men and women to vote. Explains that no man or women could be denied a vote. 26th The voting age is 18 or older. The minimum of age can never be higher. Glossary The Articles of Confederation - The form of rules that the United States was using before the Constitution
Compromise - Where both sides that are arguing get at least one thing that they want
Ratification - To confirm something
Discrimination - To accept one person over another because of race or gender. This presentation has been put together by the following people: Skylar Brady