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Effects of Prohibition in America
Transcript of Effects of Prohibition in America
By: Akhilesh Neeruganti
Prohibition was enacted by the eighteenth amendment in 1920.
It banned the sale, production, or transportation of alcohol.
It was repealed in 1933 by the twenty-first amendment.
The roots of Prohibition started in the 1820's when religious people called for temperance.
Women played a major role in the Temperance Movement as alcohol affected families.
Many states has enacted their own Prohibition Laws but later repealed it.
What is Prohibition
Alcohol Businesses were one of the most successful business.
Saloons sprouted up everywhere on America.
These businesses as well as jobs that distributed alcohol were shut down.
They thought that this would reduce the drinking habit and would reduce social crimes and increase family wellbeing.
Effect of Alcohol Businesses
Prohibition slowly encouraged manufacturing and selling of alcohol illegally.
Bootlegging resulted in more production of alcohol during Prohibition than before Prohibition was introduced.
It resulted in the sprouting of illegal drinking spots known as speakeasies at a higher rate than the closing of saloons by Prohibition.
This resulted in an increase of alcohol consumption during Prohibition then before Prohibition was made an amendment.
Effect on Crime
Alcohol was only permitted for medicinal use and for religious purposes.
The rich managed to corrupt and get alcohol by misusing the medicinal purpose.
Common employees could not get alcohol while the employers and the rich could get alcohol illegally and by being prescribed by doctors from it.
The middle class and lower class turned against the rich because they could not get alcohol so easily.
Social Gaps due to Prohibition
The rich and bootleggers corrupted some public servants and avoid getting punished for violating Prohibition Laws but poor people were being punished.
People lost confidence in the public systems.
This encouraged people to tell lies under oath which brought down the value of judicial courts.
Jails and courts were overflowed with criminals.
Gangsters were made to smuggle alcohol from Canada and the Caribbeans.
Crime became more organized.
Effects on Public Systems
Prohibition suceeded in reducing alcohol in the early years.
It reduced crime and abuse related to alcohol abuse.
It even helped factories because it allowed workers to work more efficiently and reduce accidents due to drinking.
Supporters thought that Prohibition has succeeded but Prohibition caused a lot of problems during the later years.
Early years of Prohibition
The government got most of its revenue from alcohol.
A lot of distilleries, breweries, restaurants, and saloons were closed which created a lot of unemployment. Even barrel makers, truckers and waiters lost their jobs. This resulted in a lower revenue to the government
The government also lost a lot of tax collected from the manufacture and sale of alcohol.
This was strongly felt during the Great Depression.
Effect on the Federal Government
Franklin D Roosevelt ran for president in 1932 in hopes to repeal the eighteenth amendment and easily won against Herbert Hoover.
In February 1933, Congress passed the twenty-first amendment that would repeal the eighteenth.
Alcohol was once again legal in America.
Prohibition was Repealed