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Food Insecurity in Cameroon

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Emma F

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Food Insecurity in Cameroon

Location and Physical Geography
Not landlocked
Not close to any foreign countries
5 neighbouring countries
Tropical climate

Population
Figure 2 shows Cameroon great population increase
By 2014 it will reach 21 million
Politics and War
Became independent in 1960 since then has had a stable democratic government
Neighboring wars have not entered due to government stability
The only problem is its judiciary system
As judges and courts are subject to the influence of money and politics.
This has deterred foreign trade, contributing to food insecurity, as trade (e.g. timber, oil and gas) is Cameroon's major economic aspect

Cameroon Food Security Issues
Weak purchasing powers
Poor climate conditions (flooding)
High cost of imports- Since mid-June 2012 the importation prices of wheat, maize and soya have all increased by 50% (and rice by 8%) due to atypical droughts throughout the US
Deterrents to foreign trade
Poor distribution of food and income ( more underweight and less overweight in rural communities)

What efforts have been made so far to aid the country?
Internal efforts:
Government regulation of the prices for basic foods to protect the most vulnerable.
External efforts :
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture has been making a new high-yield crops, cassava
World Food program:
better distribution of food
decrease malnutrition with supplementary feeding systems
Many other smaller organizations have been helping in terms of education and hospitalizations

Table Of contents
1.0 – Introduction
1.1 – Food Security
1.2 – African Food Security
1.3 – Aim and Method
2.0 – Statement of Findings
2.1 – Location and Physical Geography
2.2 – Population
2.3 – Politics and War
2.4 – Food Security issues in Cameroon
2.5 - What efforts have been made so far to aid the country
3.0 – Decision Making Matrix
3.1 – Social reasons
3.2 – Economic reasons
3.3 – Environmental reasons
4.0 - Evaluation

List of Figures
1.0 – Food Security and African Food Security issues
2.0 – Population Growth
3.0 - Cameroon location
4.0 - Worldwide undernourishment
5.0 - Household size in Cameroon
6.0 - Price of genetically modified foods verse organic
7.0 - Undernourishment in Cameroon
Aim
This report is intended to advise the United Nations on the best possible solution for improving food security in Cameroon.

Figure 2: Population Growth in Cameroon
(Mundi2011)

Decision Making Matrix
Evaluation
The best way to help improve the food security status in Cameroon is by introducing genetically modified organisms and foods.
The main reason for food insecurity currently, is due to recent weather which has decreased the production rate (less trade and more imports) this situation would be improved by biotechnology as weather and climate would not be as big of a factor due to the nature of the crops.

In order for a smooth transition and to ensure safe farming practices, farmers would require more education regarding GMO’s and GMF’s. There would also need to be more research into the use of these products to ensure safety and best practice. Also there would need to be a regulation system in place to ensure people are using the products in a safe manner. This option not only allows for a greater food production rate but also opens up many job opportunities(regulation system).

What else needs to be done?
Problems and how to fix them
The main issue lies in the cost of buying biotechnology resources and equipment. Because of how expensive it is those who can afford will be well off but those who cant would be in an even worse situation than before. Thus, in order for this strategy to work Cameroon would require donations and funding from external sources. As well as aid in producing a better judiciary system so as not to deter foreign trade.

What is the best solution?
Why the other option does not work
The one child policy solution was not as ideal as; firstly, it would disrupt what has been a very successful and stable government for quite some time (through protests and poor regulation). And secondly, having many children is practical (as the children grow up to help on the farms and provide for the family) and also a religious (christian and islam both very much worship life and birth) way of life this is how they have been brought up and this mindset will not be easily changed.

Cameroon
Weak purchasing powers
Poor climate conditions (flooding)
High cost of imports (due to natural disasters in major importation countries)
Deterrents to foreign trade (due to judiciary system)
Poor distribution of food and income ( more underweight and less overweight in rural communities)

Food Insecurity
Food Security and African Food Security Issues
Figure 3: Cameroon Location (WorldMaps,2010)
WorldWide Undernourishment
(Wikimedia 2007)

Food Insecurity in Cameroon
Method of Research
Websites
Graphs
Images
Online databases
Bibliography
Appendix
Figure 6
Figure 5
Figure 7
Full transcript