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13 Colonies

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Eli Smith

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of 13 Colonies

MIDDLE COLONIES Southern Colonies North Carolina NEW ENGLAND The
Colonial Regions Eli Smith
Conner Cline
Paul Anderson CONNECTICUT NEW HAMPSHIRE New York Founded in 1638 by John Wheelwright South Carolina Pennsylvania New Jersey W Founded in 1662
by Thomas Hooker Pennsylvania was founded
by William Penn for new laws of leadership Founded in 1663 by Nobles with a charter from King Charles II for Economic Opportunities Sources Maryland Founded In 1653 by Virginia Colonists MASSACHUSETTS Founded in 1630
by John Winthrop Georgia for a community
based on Biblical rules Founded in 1732 by James Edward Oglethorpe James the Duke of York was the founder
of the colony later called New York Virginia Delaware Founded in 1607 by the London Company RHODE
ISLAND Founded in 1836
by Roger Williams Important Facts & People Queen Henrietta Maria- She was King Charles' wife. The colony was named after her.
Act of Toleration: As Protestant population in Maryland grew, there was concern about limitation on Catholic freedom of religion. This was passed to protect religious freedom for Christians. Settlers were attracted
to the Massachusetts
colony because of its
cheap land and business
opportunities. Important Events and People John Winthrop was chosen as
the first Governor of the colony Thomas Hooker lead 100
colonists out of Massachusetts,
hoping to set up a colony with
a strictly limited Government. They wrote a new
plan of Government
called the Fundamental
Orders of Connecticut. Roger Williams believed
that the Puritan Church
had too much power. for new Governmental
restrictions In the new colony of Rhode Island,
Williams hoped to keep Business
and Religion completely separate. 1661, first Britain Colony to legally establish slavery
Maryland and the Carolinas soon followed
House of Burgesses: First representative self-government in America The land grants were originally
claimed by Massachusetts, but
were split off into a new colony
by King James II. The colony's main
economy and purpose
was Fishing. Founded in 1634 by Lord Baltimore Founded as a place where Catholics could practice freely Important Facts and People Founders were seeking wealth based on success in Virginia Founded for economic opportunity Important Events Most settlers were from Barbados and later German, Swiss and French
Primary cash crop was rice
In the last 1600s, tried to enslave Indians but this failed. By 1700, settlers were buying slaves from Africa Most settlers were Virginia settlers looking for more land or former indentured servants looking for economic opportunity
Primary cash crop was tobacco
Lost Colony of Roanoke: 1587 failed attempt to colonize the same area. Supply ships were unable to get to colony due to conflict with Spain and colony disappeared. Still unknown what happened to the colony founded for economic opportunity Founded as a buffer between the cash crop colonies and Spanish Florida and as a debtors colony Important Facts and People
James Oglethorpe: part of the Intellectual Enlightenment movement whose people believed in liberty and the goodness of people. This is why slavery was forbidden.
Colony growth and prosperity were slow compared to other colonies
Slave Labor was allowed to promote the growth of the colony Peter Minuit founded Delaware Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret founded New Jersey All flag pictures were retrieved from
www.flagstore.flagsbay.com and wikipedia.org The background map image
was retrieved from
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=13+colonies+map&hl=en&sa=X&biw=1486&bih=739&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=gqh4F3qwmU0YQM:&imgrefurl=http://www.artsandsciences.leon.k12.fl.us/MS-SocialStudies/Photo%2520Bank/Forms/DispForm.aspx%3FID%3D90&docid=Ncv2RAGBazuoNM&imgurl=http://www.artsandsciences.leon.k12.fl.us/MS-SocialStudies/Photo%252520Bank/13-colonies-map.png&w=600&h=416&ei=XuZoUOOOGeX02QX3y4BY&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1177&vpy=355&dur=232&hovh=187&hovw=270&tx=158&ty=117&sig=102652397526982552334&page=2&tbnh=164&tbnw=215&start=23&ndsp=31&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:23,i:237 Information was retrieved from: Davidson. , & Stoff, The American Nation. Prentice Hall. DOI: pearsonsuccessnet.com Charles., K. (n.d.). Thirteen Original Colonies History – Map & List of 13 Original States. Totally History – Facts About Famous Events & Records of the Past. Retrieved September 30, 2012, from http://totallyhistory.com/thirteen-original-colonies/ Reuter, A. (2006, April 24). Southern Colonies. ED101-website. Retrieved September 30, 2012, from http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/Archives Category. (n.d.). Chart of the Thirteen Original Colonies - Basic Information on the Founding of the 13 Colonies. American History From About. Retrieved September 30, 2012, from http://americanhistory.about.com/library Was founded for economical reasons
Originally settled by Dutch as early as 1613. At that time it was called New Netherland.
It was often called breadbasket colony because it produced a lot of wheat.

New Jersey was a royal colony ( a colony run directly by the English government ). Pennsylvania was founded for religious reasons was founded for economic reasons Delaware was founded for trade When New York was owned by the dutch it was trading skins to the natives.

In 1664 the British sent warships into what was currently called new Amsterdam, the dutch gave up without firing a shot.

New York was apparently to big and the Duke of York decided to give some of the land to his friends who made the land into current day New Jersey. New Jersey had great farmland and attracted a lot of farmers to its new lands. Penn wanted his colony to be a holy experiment so he accepted Christians Catholic and Jews. Penn respected the natives and he payed for there land instead of just taking it away from them the natives respected him for that and treated the local settlers well. Penn sent letters back to England talking about his colony, many new settlers began to arrive thanks to his letters. Delaware used to be the southern part of Pennsylvania.

Penn allowed the people of Delaware to break away because of the inconvenience of having to send people all the way to Philadelphia.

At first Penn just let them form their own assembly but the later broke away.
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