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Human Services Historical Timeline

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Keri Ann Parsons

on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of Human Services Historical Timeline

Human Services Historical Timeline
By: Keri Ann Parsons
1536
England's Relief Act of 1536
This act placed the responsibility of dealing with the poor at the local level. ie: churches and local law
1601
Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601
The poor were placed into classes. The Worthy Poor and the Unworthy Poor. Acted as the foundation for American Welfare Policy.
1792
Philippe Pinel
He was named superintendent of the Bicetre Insane Asylum where he introduced the "Moral Treatment" of the mentally ill. He unshackled the patients and him and his staff interacted with them as normally as possible.
1546
St. Mary's of Bethlehem
Also known as Bedlam. A hospital for the mentally ill with deplorable conditions. King Henry VIII deeded the hospital to the City of London
1700's
Renaissance Period
Government control. King Henry VIII took over Human Services Public Welfare System
1800's
US Attitude Toward the Poor
Less eligibility
Laissez Faire Economy
Social Darwinism - Herbert Spencer "survival of the fittest"
Protestant Work Ethic
1870
COS/Charity Organization Society
One of the first organizations in the US to provide charity to the poor in their homes. They employed "friendly visitors" an early version of a caseworker like Mary Richmond.
1889
Settlement House
Jane Addams an advocate for social reform. Responsible for beginning the US Settlement house movement. Hull House was first American settlement house.
Beginning of 1900's
Most almshouses and insane asylums are closed. State institutions become the primary housing for the mentally ill.
1921
The Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Hygiene Act
Grants given to states to provide health services to mothers and children. This was considered controversial by some.
1929
Last Orphan Train
The "farming out" of children was receiving extreme criticism and the last Orphan Train delivered its last trainload.
1939
The Federal Security Agency
Agency established to house the governments health, education, and welfare programs.
1965
Medicare
Social Security Act creates Medicare. A health insurance provided to the elderly to relieve some of the stresses of family taking care of them.
600-1500
The Middle Ages
Spiritual focus, the church kind of got involved with a primary role. Lowest level of help offered, minimal to survive.
1557
Bedlam
St. Mary's (Bedlam) is managed by the governors of the Bridewell House of Corrections. City of London controlled until transferred to the National Health Service in 1948.
1843
Dorothea Dix
US Social Advocate. Plea made to the State of MA legislature advocating for a more compassionate treatment of the mentally ill. She established 32 state psychiatric hospitals.
1852
Government Hospital for the Insane
Congress creates hospital in DC for the indigent and mentally ill.
1909
Children's Bureau
President Roosevelt holds a conference on dependent children on charities and public assistance. Children's Bureau in the Department of Labor is established three years later.
1935
Social Security Act
President Roosevelt set up the Social Security Act. The bases of putting money into Social Security so you get money back when you retire.
1912
Public Health Service
Public Health and Marine Hospital Service (PHMHS) is renamed to The Public Health Services.
1929
Money is allocated for the promotion of public health by the federal government.
Government Budget
Before BC/AD
Trephining
Early on in history, mental illness was believed to be caused by demonic possession. They would drill holes in the skull to release the demons.
460-377 BC
Hippocrates
Had a physiological approach to the well being of humans. He believed diet, rest, baths, and massage could promote good mental health.
1000
Poor House
"Poor Houses" "Almshouse" "Work Houses" Places developed where the poor would go if the family was unable to help them. Period of no treatment offered.
1997
CHIP
CHIP - Health insurance program developed for children.
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