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Human Services Historical Timeline
Transcript of Human Services Historical Timeline
By: Keri Ann Parsons
England's Relief Act of 1536
This act placed the responsibility of dealing with the poor at the local level. ie: churches and local law
Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601
The poor were placed into classes. The Worthy Poor and the Unworthy Poor. Acted as the foundation for American Welfare Policy.
He was named superintendent of the Bicetre Insane Asylum where he introduced the "Moral Treatment" of the mentally ill. He unshackled the patients and him and his staff interacted with them as normally as possible.
St. Mary's of Bethlehem
Also known as Bedlam. A hospital for the mentally ill with deplorable conditions. King Henry VIII deeded the hospital to the City of London
Government control. King Henry VIII took over Human Services Public Welfare System
US Attitude Toward the Poor
Laissez Faire Economy
Social Darwinism - Herbert Spencer "survival of the fittest"
Protestant Work Ethic
COS/Charity Organization Society
One of the first organizations in the US to provide charity to the poor in their homes. They employed "friendly visitors" an early version of a caseworker like Mary Richmond.
Jane Addams an advocate for social reform. Responsible for beginning the US Settlement house movement. Hull House was first American settlement house.
Beginning of 1900's
Most almshouses and insane asylums are closed. State institutions become the primary housing for the mentally ill.
The Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Hygiene Act
Grants given to states to provide health services to mothers and children. This was considered controversial by some.
Last Orphan Train
The "farming out" of children was receiving extreme criticism and the last Orphan Train delivered its last trainload.
The Federal Security Agency
Agency established to house the governments health, education, and welfare programs.
Social Security Act creates Medicare. A health insurance provided to the elderly to relieve some of the stresses of family taking care of them.
The Middle Ages
Spiritual focus, the church kind of got involved with a primary role. Lowest level of help offered, minimal to survive.
St. Mary's (Bedlam) is managed by the governors of the Bridewell House of Corrections. City of London controlled until transferred to the National Health Service in 1948.
US Social Advocate. Plea made to the State of MA legislature advocating for a more compassionate treatment of the mentally ill. She established 32 state psychiatric hospitals.
Government Hospital for the Insane
Congress creates hospital in DC for the indigent and mentally ill.
President Roosevelt holds a conference on dependent children on charities and public assistance. Children's Bureau in the Department of Labor is established three years later.
Social Security Act
President Roosevelt set up the Social Security Act. The bases of putting money into Social Security so you get money back when you retire.
Public Health Service
Public Health and Marine Hospital Service (PHMHS) is renamed to The Public Health Services.
Money is allocated for the promotion of public health by the federal government.
Early on in history, mental illness was believed to be caused by demonic possession. They would drill holes in the skull to release the demons.
Had a physiological approach to the well being of humans. He believed diet, rest, baths, and massage could promote good mental health.
"Poor Houses" "Almshouse" "Work Houses" Places developed where the poor would go if the family was unable to help them. Period of no treatment offered.
CHIP - Health insurance program developed for children.