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Greek & Egyptian Sculptures

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steven huang

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of Greek & Egyptian Sculptures

Citations Greek & Egyptian Sculptures Big Ideas (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Keywords Characteristics Scale Materials Nudity Function Sculptors Egyptian Sculptures
Egyptian statues had large fat faces and lacked in facial expression and movement
Egyptian men statues were darker in colour than women
The eyes of Egyptian statues looked directly forward
Arms would be stationary on their sides and statues that were sitting would have their hands on their knees
Legs were kept together with their feet being parallel
Pharaoh statues that were standing would have their left foot forward
Pharaoh statues that were sitting would sit on a block that symboloized the throne
Emphasized on symmetrical statues

Greek Sculptures
Emphasized on the naturalism of the statue ("life-like"), but also had some exaggerated features (i.e. no tailbone)
Expressed human compositions such as body organs and muscles
Greek sculptures were depicted with movements and poses
Greek sculptures were oftenly non-symmetrical
Greek sculptures were divided into clear quarters
During the classical period, Greek men and women were depicted by sculptors in their prime years (most beautiful and handsome moments) Egyptian Sculptures
Egyptian statues varies in size from small models to colossal statues
The sphinx, 20 meters in height and 73 meters in length, is an example of a colossal statue
Statues of pharaohs were extremely massive as well, for example, statues of Ramese II stood 20 meters high
Women and children statues were relatively smaller in size

Greek Sculptures
The size of the statues in Greece was not highly valued
Greeks focused on the detail and delicacy of their artwork instead of scale
Legs were scaled to match the length of the upper body Egyptian Sculptures
Egyptian statues were constructed from a variety of ornamental stones
Gold was used on statues of the royal and high status such as pharaohs and gods
Egyptian statues were made from durable materials, allowing them to survive overtime
Greek Sculptures
Greek statues were primarily constructed from marble, stone, or limestone; sometimes bronze
Marble and limestone were not durable, therefore many Greek sculptures were destroyed during the middle ages Egyptian Sculptures
It was necessary for statues of Egyptian gods to have their own houses (temples)
Statues of gods were stored in temples to allow for worshipping
Statues of kings and queens were built to symbolize their divinity and power
Statues commerated famous past pharaohs and kings
Statues served as eternal life for pharaohs

Greek Sculptures
Greek sculptures primarily depicted gods from Greek mythology, heroes, legends, culture, etc
By 500 B.C.E, women, children, animals, and domestic scenes were introduced and accepted for sculptures to be placed in the homes and gardens of the royal
Private architecture developed and individuals showed their rich by constructing sculptures
Humans sculptures have also been made for the Greek's own entertainment Egyptian Sculptures
A variety of craftsmen contributed to the construction of Egyptian sculptures
There were no specific individuals that contributed gravely to the wide range of Egyptian sculptures

Greek Sculptures
Phidias and Praxiteles were the primary sculptors in Ancient Greek
Polycleitus, a Greek sculptor and mathematician, designed the fundamentals of designing Greek sculptures
1. He divided the body into quarters, each part mirroring each other (i.e. right side at rest, left side in motion)
2. He had theoretical rods go through main components on the human body; these rods were in angles and complimented each other when the body was in the position stated in step 1 Video of Ancient Greek Sculptures (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr Egyptian Sculptures
Statues of Egyptian servants and children were the only members depicted as being nude
Greek Sculptures
Greek statues of men were widely depicted as being nude
Female statues appeared nude for the first time during the Aphrodite of Cnidus period (350 B.C.E) Comparison of Greek and Egyptian
Sculptures Greek sculpture of Discobolus
Greek sculpture techniques were developed in Egypt 200 years earlier
Discobolus appears as a nude man with exagerrated features
legs made artificially longer to match length of torso
"free-standing;" depicts freedom of movement and expression
crest of muscle across waist to exaggerate the division of top and bottom of human body
Emphasis on asymmetric
Greek sculptors focused on natural youthful human forms, ideal proportions, and calm expressions Both Egyptian and Greek sculptures have exaggerated features
Both Egyptian and Greek sculptures had major influences on other cultures (i.e. Egyptian sculptures influenced Greek sculptures and Greek sculptures influenced Roman and Western sculptures)
Both Egyptian and Greek sculptures served as a form of entertainment and worship for either Egyptian gods and pharaohs or Greek gods and legends
Both Egyptian and Greek sculptures underwent many changes throughout its history (different eras) Greek and Egyptian sculptures were very different

Greek and Egyptian sculptures can be compared/contrasted by six factors: characteristics, scale, materials, function, sculptors, and nudity

Greek sculptures appeared to have been very realistic and life-life, but also had exagerrated features

Greek sculptures spanned seven eras: Mycenaean Art, the Dark Age, Proto-Geometric Art, Geometric Art, Archaic Art, Classical Art, and Hellenistic Art.

Egyptian sculptures, unlike Greek sculptures, were not lifelike and primarily served as a symbol of Egyptian wealth and a pharaoh's/god's power and divinity

Egyptian art spanned three time periods: the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom History A colossal Egyptian statue of Ramses II that stood 20 meters high
Appeared in royal apparel with a royal crown
Lacked movement, emotion and facial expression
Eyes gazed straight ahead
Emphasis on large head and round-plump face
Hands kept stationary on knees
Legs kept together with feet being parallel
Seated on a cubic block that represented the throne
Emphasis on symmetry
Emphasis on eliminating human flaws The End Ancient Greece Possibility that Greek art derived from Etruscan art (some Etruscan statuettes in human form predate the earliest Greek sculptures)
Human sculptures were once too realistic
These sculptures didn't appeal to the Greeks because there was no exaggeration
Sculptures have been exaggerated since then (exaggerations include no tailbone, artificially long legs, crest on the waist, etc.)
There were seven time periods of Greek Art:
1. Mycenaean
2. Sub-Mycenaean (A.K.A The Dark Age)
3. Proto-Geometric
4. Geometric
5. Archaic
6. Classical
7. Hellenistic The Mycenaean Age (1550 B.C.E-1200 B.C.E)
Two civilizations: the Greeks and the Mycenaeans
The Mycenaean's were more advanced than Greeks
Greeks adapted Mycenaean art The Sub-Mycenaean Age/Dark Age (1100 B.C.E-1025 B.C.E.)
Fall of Mycenaean art
No new methods, innovation, etc The Proto-Geometric Era (1025 B.C.E-900 B.C.E)
Simple designs on pottery (i.e. lines, simple shapes)
Mainly abstract elements in art The Geometric Era (900 B.C.E-700 B.C.E)
Dramatic transition from previous era
Sculptures and carvings are marked with the state's heroes, or past legends
Trade routes with Egypt and Levant led to the amalgamation of Greek art The Archaic Era (700 B.C.E-450 B.C.E)
Naturalistic style of art that reflects Egyptian or Orient styles
Palmette/lotus designs, as well as composite beasts (i.e. harpies) were introduced
Best known for stone statues of "free-standing" humans The Classical Era (480 B.C.E-323 B.C.E)
Turning point in Greek art
Marble was being used more often
Statues depicting freedom of movement while celebrating humankind as an independent entity
"Stiff-position" sculptures replaced by "snap-shot" statues The Hellenistic Era (323 B.C.E-31 B.C.E)
Changes from the Classical Era
Experimental movement that alloed the viewer to explore interests of the statue from different perspectives Ancient Egypt Egyptian Art
Ancient Egyptian sculptures, paintings and decorative crafts were produced from the 3rd to 1st millenia B.C.E of the dynastic period in the Nile Valley of Egypt and Nubia
Ancient Egyptian art served as a method of propaganda for specific individuals in power such as gods and pharaohs
Ancient Egpytian art helped maintain and stabilize Egyptian society
Many Egyptian arts still survive today, primarily in Egyptian tombs
Art in Egypt is divided into three time periods:
1. The Old Kingdom (2649-2150 B.C.E)
2. The Middle Kingdom (1991-1700 B.C.E)
3. The New Kingdom (1550-1070 B.C.E ) The Old Kingdom (2649 B.C.E-2150 B.C.E)
The beginning of ancient Egyptian art
Stone tombs and temples in the Old Kingdom were decorated with bright paintings that depicted the daily life of ancient Egyptians
Rules for creating Egyptian sculptures were set
Egyptian sculptures must indicate proportions, postures, and the placement of details
At the end of the Old Kingdom, Egyptian art declined which would eventually lead to a more stable art environment in the Middle Kingdom The Middle Kingdom (1991 B.C.E-1700 B.C.E)
Known for potrait sculptures of kings and pharaohs
The growth of relief sculptures and paintings The New Kingdom (1550 B.C.E-1070 B.C.E)
Introduction of granite statues and wall reliefs that brought pride to rulers and gods
Paintings became an independent art
Decorative arts became widely known and accepted in Egyptian society By: Steven Huang and James Lee Dillard, Annie. "Etruscans, losing their edge." American Scholar 73.2 (2004): 59+. Extended Academic ASAP. Web. 16 November 2011. <http://go.galegroup.com/>

"Discobolus." Web. 15 November 2011. <http://www.flikr.com/>

"Egyptian Art." Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. N/A. Web. 12 November 2011. <www.learn360.com>

Fadl, Ayman. "Comparison Between Egyptian and Greek Statues." Aldokkan ancient Egypt. 2001. Web. 7 November 201. <www.aldokkan.com>

"Greek Sculptures: BBC's How Art Made The World." Web. 11 November 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/>

Newman, Garfield. Echoes from the Past: World History to the 16th Century. Toronto: Patty Pappas, 2001. Print

"Sculpture and Art in Ancient Greece." University Press Inc. 2008. Web. 09 November 2011. <http://www.ancientgreece.com/>

"Statue of Ramses II." Web. 15 November 2011. <http://www.flikr.com/> hope you enjoyed our presentation! you must be exhausted! why don't you take a sip of coffee? (click the continue button)
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