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Social Norms and Values of the Deaf Community
Transcript of Social Norms and Values of the Deaf Community
often times your values influence your behavior
and attitude. For example, "all people should be
treated with respect" is a value. Deaf culture has four primary components:
language, behavioral norms, values, and traditions.
LANGUAGE: their language is called American Sign Language (ASL) and is the preferred language in the deaf community, it is a visual and gestural language. Despite what many people believe, those who use ASL do NOT sign in English word order, nor is it an auditory or written language. ASL has its own syntax and grammar What are "norms"? Norms are "the behavior and cues within a society or group" and norms are also known as "the rules that a group uses for appropriate and inappropriate values, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors". Individuals who fail to follow the "norms" of the society in which they live often kindle a negative reaction from their peers. BEHAVIORAL NORMS: In deaf culture, eye contact is necessary for effectively communication because in ASL facial expressions and body language are imperative. When getting someone's attention, those who are deaf have to resort to their own means of gaining attention due to the fact that they cannot speak audibly. Hand waving is the most common, but tapping one's arm, flickering lights on and off, and even stomping on the floor is done to get a hearing person's attention.
When greeting another deaf person, hugging is usually done and conversations are usually direct and very open, unlike hearing people who typically skitter around a topic and are not very direct. Do the deaf and the hearing have
the same values? Because values depend upon the culture an individual lives in and the behaviors and values that they are exposed to, the deaf typically have different values than the hearing, but a few values that the deaf hold are harmonious with those who hear. Do the deaf and the hearing have the
same norms? Typically they do not, as the deaf community is much more physical (i.e. back slapping, touching more casually, etc.) while the hearing community is much more verbal and typically is uncomfortable with frequent touch. Deaf Culture's Norms
and Values Values of deaf people ASL
Eyes (they strongly rely on vision)
Visual/Vibrating Alert Systems
Deaf clubs and other social deaf organizati-ons. Values of hearing people Spoken language
Ears (they rely on sound)
Sound Alerting Systems
Civic and social organizations Another value that deaf people hold closely to their hearts is Deaf schools, where students are taught ASL, the language itself and subjects in ASL, and this kind of school (called stateschools) is where deaf children will gain a better understanding of their culture, their language, and their identity as a whole. Often times deaf children are born to hearing parents and so they do not know how to communicate to the child through ASL and know nothing about deaf culture, leaving the child isolated, therefore adopting their peers, teachers, and dorm parents as family. What are cochlear implants and how do deaf people feel about them?
A cochlear implant is an electronic device that is surgically placed within the ear of a severely hard of hearing or deaf person. These devices have "increased awareness and education that the Deaf community believes nothing is wrong with them and that they do not need to be fixed". Bibliography "Deaf Expressions." : Deaf Values and Social Norms (revised). N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013.
"Cochlear Implants." Cochlear Implants. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013.
"Deaf Culture." Deaf Culture. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013.