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Southern Europe

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on 5 March 2015

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Transcript of Southern Europe

Staple foods, Seasonings, and Commonly Used Ingredients
Italy
Italian cuisine is known for it's simplicity

Traditional Foods
Tomatoes
All kinds of meat
Fish
Cheese
Pasta
Northern Italy
Use of more fatty foods
(ex: butter)
Stuffed pastas, Risotto, Palenta
Southern Itay
Cleaner foods
Tomatoes, peppers, oranges, fish, Ricotta
Spain
Largest producer of olives in the world.

eggs
lamp
pork
poultry
dried cod (Bacalao)

Popular cuisine
Tortilla
(potato omelet)
Paella

Portugal
Very similar to Spanish food with more herbs and spices.

Cilantro
Mint
Cumin
Fish (dominates the diet)
-Died salt cod
Stewed dishes
-Feijoada
-Acorda
Religion
The majority of Italians, Spaniards, & Portuguese believe in the Roman Catholic Church

Immigration to the United States..

Helped immigrants adjust to new western culture
-Established Parishes
Greek and Muslim Influence
Olive Trees
Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans)
Lemons
Oranges
Saffron
Paprika
Tomatoes
Southern European Culture
Italy, Spain, & Portugal


Southern European
Traditions
Similar but different
Connected to their religion

Italy
Celebrate local patron saints
St Joseph during Lent
Types of food: breads in shape of crosses, pasta w/ sardines, etc.
Christmas
Seafood
Pasta
Bread
Cheese
Desserts; panettone, amaretti, cassata
Easter
Similar foods
Dessert; Italian Easter bread & cassata
Spain
Holy Week
Confections & Liquors; coffee, chocolate, and anisette
Sweets
Tortas de Aciete
Cortados rellenos de cidra
Torteras
Yemas de San Leandro
Christmas
Roasted chesnuts
Pastel de Navidad
Walnut & raisin pies
Easter
Causerras
Portugal
Holy Ghost (Spirit) Festival
Holy Ghost soup of meat
Bread
Potatoes
Massa sovada
Food is usually blessed

Christmas
Casserole of Bacalhau and potatoes
Suspiros
Feast of Most Blessed Sacrament
Linguica
Bacalhau
Fava beans
Assada
Cacoila
Fiesta de Sennor de Pedra


Immigration patterns, U.S and California demographic information, acculturation influence on food habits.

Immigration Patterns: Italy
The majority of immigrants from Southern Europe
Migrated to the west coast to work in the building trade and clothing industry
Immigrants came from the poor southern provinces of Italy and Sicily in 1880-1920
Spain
Came during the colonial times to escape poverty
Moved to the United States in 19th and 20th centuries escaping poor economic conditions
The Basque region moved to the United States far before Columbus discovered the new world
Most moved to California in the mid 19th century during the Gold Rush then spread throughout the country
Portugal
Arrived during the early 19th century mostly from Azore and Cape Verde Islands
Worked as farmers in California and Hawaii
Service trade in northeastern cities in hope of starting a better life out of poverty
After the World War II a few well educated Portuguese fled from Macao; a Portuguese area of China, to California
United States and
California Demographics
Italians are the 5th largest ethnicity in the U.S.
In 2008 18 million Italians made up the U.S. population
1.1 million people reported to be Spanish, Spaniard or of Spanish-American heritage in the 2012 U.S Census
58,000 Basques live in the U.S.
Over 1,4 million reported to be Portuguese
In 2000 50,000 claimed to be Cape Veridean ancestry and Azore Island Heritage

Acculturation Influence
on Food Habits
Health Benefits
Antioxidants and anti-inflammatory
Reduced risks of non-communicable diseases
- obesity
- cardiovascular disease
- diabetes
- hypertension
- cancer
Actual Nutritional Intake
Urbanization and Acculturation
Shift to the "Western" diet and sedentary lifestyle
High In:
-saturated fat
-red meat
-processed foods
-fast food
-refined grains
-sugars
Low in whole grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables
What Peer Reviews Tell us
Food Consumption Survey in Spain 2010
Young adults consume
-higher intakes of meats and meat products and alcohol
-lower intake of fruits, vegetables, grains, and legumes
High fat intake among Southern European adolescents
Actual total fat intake about 40%
-15% from saturated fat
-recommended amount 25%-35%
Chronic Diseases and Health Concerns
Insufficient intake of:
-Zinc and Folic Acid
-Iron (in women)
Obesity
-16% in Spain
-15.4% in Portugal
-10.3% in Italy
Cardiovascular Disease
Leading cause of death
-40% of all deaths in Europe
-Western diet is associated with increased risk of myocardial infraction
Southern Europeans tend to consume more milk and meat
Consume less fish, fresh produce and legumes
Olive oil is used more frequently than any other oils
Italians consume more pasta
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