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Transcript of GREEK MYTHOLOGY
Female monster with snakes for hair. Medusa is mortal. She was once very beautiful. Poseidon found her worshipping in the temple of Athena and ravished her. Athena was outraged at her temple being violated, and punished Medusa by turning her hair into snakes and giving her the power to turn anyone who looked directly at her into stone Centaur:
Has the head, torso, and arms of a man, and the body and legs of a horse. In later myths and stories they sometimes had horns, wings, or both Siren:
Sisters who lure sailors to their death.
The song of the sirens is irresistible but, they reside beyond impassable reefs which destroy the sailors boat when they try to reach the sirens Cyclops:
Member of a original race of giants, each with a single eye in the middle of its forehead. The name is thought to mean round or wheel-eyed. Minotaur:
Minotaur was the result of king Minos's refusal to sacrifice a certain bull to the god Poseidon.The god punished him by making Minos's wife fall in love with the bull and she gave birth to its son, the Minotaur. It was half human and half bull. In greek mythology the minotaur was eventually killed by Theseus. Pegasus:
They say Pegasus sprang from the blood of the Gorgon, Medusa, after Perseus beheaded her. Pegasus is a winged white horse who lived in the forest and in small herds. Water Nymphs: Are similar to mermaids. They are daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. Land Nymphs:
Are linked to particular geographic locations. Oreids, who inhabit mountains and ravines, often accompany Artemis on hunting expeditions. Alseids protect glens and groves, while Auloniads are found in pastures and mountain valleys. Wood Nymphs:
are identified with particular species of trees. Often their bodies become part of the trees they inhabit. GODS AND GODESSES CULTURE Social classes applied to men only.
Women weren't permitted to take
part in public life. People were very religious,
and worshipped many gods. Watched dramas for entertainment.
They also played games like dice, marbles, and checkers. Made their living through farming. Myths
Greek mythology is the collection of myths and stories passed down by the Ancient Greeks. They wrote about their gods,heroes,their society, and their religious rituals.
Many people still study these myths to shed light on Greek culture, and how the people lived. The stories were mainly told orally, and many artists illustrated myths on vases and glassware. Some of the most famous stories, like The Iliad and The Odyssey focus in on events like The Trojan War. Other old works like The Hesiod, and Works and Days are about the origins of the Earth and how religious practices began. The Rage of Achilles A vase from 450 BC illustrating a scene from The Odyssey where the crew is attacked by Sirens. Demeter and Metanira, 340 BC A bust of Zeus Citations
Donn, Lin " Ancient Greek Myths for kids" <http://greece.mrdonn.org/greekgods/pandora.html Lindermens, MF " Encyclopedia Mythica
" Greek Mythology" Encyclopedia Brittainica 2002
Gorgeous, perfect, eternally young woman with a beautiful body.Aprhodite's Symbol or Attribute: Her Girdle, which has magical powers to compel love.
Strengths: dazzling beauty. Apollo:
Symbol or Attribute: The Sun itself, the lyre (a type of musical instrument), the bow, and the chariot he drives across the sky daily.
Apollo's Strengths: Creative, handsome, supportive of all the arts of civilization. Athena:
Athena's Appearance: A young woman wearing a helmet and holding a shield.
Athena's Symbol or Attribute:The Owl, signifying watchfulness and wisdom; the aegis (small shield) showing the snaky head of Medusa.
Athena's Strengths: Rational, intelligent, a powerful defender in war but also a potent peacemaker. http://gogreece.about.com/od/mythology/Greek_Mythology_Greek_Gods_and_Goddesses.htm
Hades'Appearance: Like Zeus, Hades is usually represented as a vigorous bearded man.
Symbol or Attribute:Scepter or horn of plenty.
Strengths: Rich with the wealth of the earth, especially precious metals. Persistent and determined. Hercules:
Hercules' Appearance: Handsome, well-built, vigorous young man.
Symbol or Attributes of Hercules:Wooden club.
Hercules' Strengths: Brave, strong, determined. Poseidon:
Poseidon is a bearded, older man usually pictured with with seashells and other sealife.
Poseidon's Symbol or Attribute:
The three-pronged trident. He is associated with horses, believed to be seen in the crashing of waves on the shore. He is also believed to be the force behind earthquakes, an odd expansion of the power of a sea god, but possibly due to the association between earthquakes and tsunamis in Greece. http://edweb.sdsu.edu/people/BDodge/scaffold/GG/creature.html http://www.mythicalcreaturesguide.com/page/Greek+Mythology