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Notice and Note Literary Signposts

Strategies for Close Reading
by

Megan Shelton

on 15 September 2015

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Transcript of Notice and Note Literary Signposts

Notice & Note
When you take a journey through a book, don't forget to STOP! at any NOTICE & NOTE Signposts
Goal
To independently, confidently, and competently notice those points in the story that might yield the most insight into the text, the author's intentions, and the character's motives; to notice those moments that trigger your own memories and thoughts about your own lives, about other texts you have encountered, and about events in the world.

(Beers & Probst 5)
Strategies for
Close Reading

Contrasts and Contradictions
STOP and Notice and Note
Definition: When you're reading and a character says or does something opposite (contradicts) what he has been doing all along.
Anchor Question
"Why is the character doing that?"
The answers could help you make a prediction or make an inference about the plot and conflict.
Stop and Notice and Note
Definition: When you're reading and suddenly a character realizes, understands, of finally figures something out that will change their actions.
Stop and Note and Notice
When you're reading and a character (who is probably older and a lot wiser) takes the main character aside and gives serious advice
Stop and Notice and Note
Definition: When you're reading and you notice a word, phrase, object, or situation mentioned over and over.
Aha Moment
Anchor Question
How might this change things?
If the character figures out a problem, you probably just learned about the conflict.

If the character understood a life lesson, you probably just learned the theme.
Tough Questions
Stop! and Notice and Note
Definition: When you're reading and the character asks himself a really difficult question.
Anchor Question
What does this question make me wonder about?
The answers will tell you about the conflict and might give you ideas about what will happen later in the story.
Words of the Wiser
Anchor Question
What's the life lesson, and how might it affect the character?
Whatever the lesson is, you've probably found a theme for the story.
Again and Again
Anchor Question
Why does this keep showing up again and again?
The answers will tell you about the theme and conflict, or they might foreshadow what will happen later.
Memory Moment
Stop and Notice and Note
Definition: When you're reading and the author interrupts the action to tell you a memory.
Anchor Question
Why might this memory be important?
The answers will tell you about the theme, conflict or might foreshadow what will happen later in the story.
A character behaves or thinks in a way we don't expect.

An element of setting is something we would not expect.
Clues
"Suddenly, I understood..."

"It came to me in a flash that..."

"The realization hit me like a lightning bolt..."

"In an instant I knew..."
Clues
"What could I possibly do...?"

"I couldn't imagine how I could cope with..."

"How could I ever understand why she..."

"Never had I been so confused..."
Clues
The main character and another are usually off by themselves, in a quiet serious moment, and the wiser figure shares his wisdom or advise in an effort to help the main character with a problem or decision.
Clues
A word is repeated, sometimes used in an odd way, over and over in the story.
An image reappears several times during the course of the book.
Clues
The ongoing flow of the narrative is interrupted by a memory that comes to the character, often taking several paragraphs to recount before we are returned to events of the present moment.
Clues
Contradiction: Showing the opposite of.
TPS: How can a character show a contrast or contradiction?
The Help by Kathryn Stockett
NOTICE & NOTE: Literary Signposts
Literary Signposts are particularly noticeable points in a text that stand out as a significant moment in the story.
They provide insight into or raise questions about literary elements such as character, setting, conflict, and theme.
Literary Elements
Character Development
internal conflict
theme
relationship between setting and plot
Literary Elements
character development
internal conflict
plot
Literary Elements
internal conflict
theme
character development
Literary Elements
theme
internal conflict
relationship between character and plot
Literary Elements
plot
setting
symbolism
theme
character development
conflict
Literary Elements
Character Development
plot
theme
relationship between character and plot

Whatever the lesson is, you’ve probably found a theme for the story.
Full transcript