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Transcript of SYNECDOCHE
Synecdoche can be used to emphasize an important aspect of a fictional character. Sonnets and other forms of love poetry frequently use synecdoches to characterize the beloved in terms of individual body parts rather than a coherent whole.
Referring to people according to a single characteristic: "the gray beard" representing an older man or "the long hair" representing a hippie.
Describing a complete vehicle as "wheels", or a motorcycle as handlebars.
Referring to people by a particular body part. For example, "head count", "counting noses", or "all hands on deck!", or "eyeballs" observing adverts.
Referring to a country (or its government) using the name of its capital city. Examples: London when referring to the British Government (or the United Kingdom); Beijing, when referring to the Chinese Government (or of China); and the most utilized Washington, when speaking of the United States Government (including the United States Congress or the president).
Use of the name Great Britain (the geographical name of the main island) to mean the entire United Kingdom.
"the good book", or "The Book" for the Bible ("Bible" itself comes from the Greek for "book").
A synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a term for a part of something refers to the whole of something, or vice-versa.
You use this when you speak of a part of something but mean the whole thing.
You can also reverse the whole and the part, so using a word for something when you only mean part of it. This often comes up in sport: a commentator might say that “The West Indies has lost to England” when he means that the West Indian team has lost to the English one. America is often used as synecdoche in this second sense, as the word refers to the whole continent but is frequently applied to a part of it, the USA. The correct use of synecdoche in a well-written essay can be seen as an a 'Achilles Heel' to merciless teachers in the English department.
OFF TO A GOOD START