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IMMIGRATION TO SINGAPORE

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Sofía G. T

on 3 August 2015

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Transcript of IMMIGRATION TO SINGAPORE

IMMIGRATION SINGAPORE
Country´s economic development
Over the last decade, Singapore's non-resident workforce increased 170%, from 248,000 in 1990 to 670,000 in 2006
Low-Skilled Foreign Workers
Challenges and social change
Belief that immigrants compete with Singaporeans for jobs. While the state insists that only jobs unfilled by citizens are assumed by foreigners, the government is still frequently criticized for not curtailing the uptake of managerial and professional positions by non-Singaporeans

Ministry of Manpower (MoM) have a semi flexible law for immigration that starts with procuring of employment pass (EP)
MoM
A ministry of the Government of Singapore which is responsible for the formulation and implementation of labour policies related to the workforce in Singapore.
1970 and 1980, the size of the non-resident population in Singapore doubled.
Foreigners constituted about 29% of Singapore's total labour force in 2000
Population of Singapore
CITIZENS (including naturalized citizens) and permanent residents
RESIDENTS
IMMIGRANTS who are in Singapore temporarily (such as students and certain workers)
NONRESIDENTS
Nonresident population increased at an unprecedented pace in the first decade of the 21st century, according to the 2010 Singapore census.

During this period, it accounted for 25.7 percent of the total population, up from 18.7 percent in the previous decade. As of 2010, the nonresident population stood at 1,305,011 out of a total population of 5,076,732.
Foreign-born workers often fill low-skill jobs that pay low wages. Government policy since the 1970 has ensured that unskilled and low-skilled migrants remain a transient workforce, subject to repatriation during periods of economic downturn.
-Regular medical examination that includes a general physical checkup, a chest x-ray, and a test for HIV/AIDS.

-They may not marry Singaporeans or PRs without the approval of the controller of work permits, and failure to get approval may result in repatriation.

-Female work-permit holders (typically domestic workers) who, through the compulsory medical screening process, are found to be pregnant are also subject to repatriation without exception.
Highly Skilled Foreign Labor
"Foreign talent"
Globalized world, the nation's main economic strategy is based on being home to a highly skilled workforce. Investing heavily in information technology and human capital to meet global competition, the government has focused on developing Singapore into the "talent capital" of the global economy.
United States, Britain, France, and Australia, as well as Japan and South Korea.
Labor market is giving preferential treatment to the foreign born — described as “cheaper” and “harder-driving and harder-striving” than Singaporeans.
Chinese drivers are paid less than their Singaporean and Malaysian.
The Chinese are paid $1,075 Singapore dollars (£549) a month compared with S$1,400 for a Malaysian driver.
171 drivers failed to turn up and 88 did not report for work.
SOURCES
SOFÍA GONZÁLEZ TALAMANTES
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/rapid-growth-singapores-immigrant-population-brings-policy-challenges

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/nov/28/chinese-bus-drivers-strike-singapore
Full transcript